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9 September


9 – Roman Empire – Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Roman-Germanic Wars). https://youtu.be/RbZVrWUlJ0A WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-ambush-that-changed-history-72636736/

1000 – Norway – Battle of Svolder. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Svolder

1087 – England/France – William I the Conqueror died, aged c. 59, William II Rufus became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=william1 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=william2

1141 – Uzbekistan – Battle of Qatwan. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Qatwan

1379 – Austria – Treaty of Neuberg signed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Neuberg

1493 – Croatia – Battle of Krbava Field (Hundred Years Croatian-Ottoman War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Krbava_Field

1513 – England/Scotland – Battle of Flodden Field (War of League of Cambrai), James IV of Scotland killed. http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=15 http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=james4_scot

1543 – Scotland – Coronation of Mary Stuart at Stirling, aged 9 months. http://www.royal.gov.uk/historyofthemonarchy/scottish%20monarchs(400ad-1603)/thestewarts/maryqueenofscots.aspx


1739 – America – Stono Rebellion, Charleston, South Carolina. https://youtu.be/eUt6DnSH9cU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p284.html


1839 – UK – John Herschel took first glass plate photograph. https://youtu.be/3s0hiBi5c4Y http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Herschel#Photography

1850 – USA – California becomes 31st US State. http://www.50states.com/california.htm

1850 – USA – The Compromise of 1850 was passed. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Compromise1850.html

1855 – Russian Empire – Siege of Sevastopol ended (Crimean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Sevastopol_(1854%E2%80%9355)

1880 – Croatia – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Zagreb, 1 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1880_Zagreb_earthquake

1924 – Hawaii – Hanapēpē Massacre, Kauai, 20 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanapepe_massacre

1939 – Poland – Battle of Hel began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hel

1940 – Romania – Treznea Massacre, 93 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treznea_massacre

1942 – USA – First Lookout Air Raid(WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lookout_Air_Raids

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed at Tezpur Airport, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440909-2


1945 – Japan – Second Sino-Japanese War ended. https://youtu.be/H9yKqcs699k WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Sino-Japanese_War

1948 – Russia – Aeroflot plane crashed near Buguruslan-Baymakovo Aerodrome, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480909-0

1949 – Canada – CPAL plane crashed at Sault-aux-Cochon, QC, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490909-0


1965 – USA – Hurricane Betsy made second landfall near New Orleans, 76 killed. https://youtu.be/_7xbGoNBe74 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.hurricanescience.org/history/storms/1960s/betsy/

1969 – USA – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 mid air collision with another plane near Fairland, Indiana, 83 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690909-1

1971 – USA – Attica Prison Riot began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attica_Prison_riot

1990 – Sri Lank – Batticaloa Massacre. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990_Batticaloa_massacre

1991 – Tajikistan – Independence from USSR. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16201087

2004 – Indonesia – Bomb exploded outside Australian Embassy, Jakarta, 10 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3639922.stm

2005 – Papua New Guinea – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre in New Ireland Province.


2010 – USA – Explosion of natural gas pipeline in San Bruno, California. http://youtu.be/EZ6YbUrnxVM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/summary/PAR1101.html


2012 – UK – Paralympic XIV Summer Games Closing Ceremony in London. http://youtu.be/pIRHMmM2z7c http://www.paralympic.org/london-2012-overview

York

1880 – Contract for building of Holgate Carriage Works approved. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holgate_Road_carriage_works,_York

1984 – Goddards, 27 Tadcaster Road, acquired by The National Trust. http://www.insideyork.co.uk/attractions/goddardsgarden.html

2006 – The St Leger race run at York Racecourse.