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8 September

617 – China – Battle of Huoyi. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Huoyi

701 – Rome – Pope Sergius I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sergius_I

1264 – Poland – Statute of Kalisz is distributed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statute_of_Kalisz

1276 – Rome – Pedro Julião became Pope John XXI. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XXI

1331 – Serbia – Stefan Dušan became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Du%C5%A1an

1380 – Russia – Battle of Klikovo (Mongol Yoke). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kulikovo

1514 – Belarus – Battle of Orsha (Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Orsha

1692 – Belgium – Earthquake in Verviers & Brabant. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1727 – GB – Barn fire during puppet show in Burwell, Cambridgeshire, 78 killed. http://www.burwell.co.uk/content/fire1727.asp

1755 – America – Battle of Lake George (French and Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_George

1756 – America – Kittanning Expedition (French and Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kittanning_Expedition

1761 – GB – George III married Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz at St, James’s Palace. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george3

1781 – USA – Battle of Eutaw Springs (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Eutaw_Springs

1793 – France – Battle of Hondschoote ended (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hondschoote_(1793)

1796 – Italy – Battle of Bassano (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bassano

1831 – UK – Coronation of William IV and Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history/royals/coronations/william-iv

1813 – Spain – Siege of San Sebastián ended (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_San_Sebasti%C3%A1n

1860 – USA – Steamship Lady Elgin Sank on Lake Michigan, 300 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1860/09/10/news/fearful-disaster-lake-michigan-steamer-lady-elgin-sunk-collision-with-schooner.html

1862 – Russia – Millennium of Russia monument unveiled. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_of_Russia

1863 – USA – Second Battle of Sabine Pass (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/sabinepass.html

1883 – USA – Northern Pacific Railway completed. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/frontierhouse/frontierlife/essay11.html

1888 – UK – Jack the Ripper’s second victim, Annie Chapman, found in London. http://www.casebook.org/victims/chapman.html

1892 – USA – Pledge of Allegiance first published. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance


1900 – USA – Hurricane hit Galveston, Texas, 8,000 killed. https://youtu.be/pZ0ccz-1bgk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.weather.com/outlook/weather-news/hurricanes/articles/hurricane-historical-hurricanes-galveston_2010-05-27

1905 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Calabria, estimated up to 5,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1905_Calabria_earthquake


1914 – France – Execution of Private Thomas Highgate for desertion (WWI). https://youtu.be/DPDKuxeEhoA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-25841494

1915 – UK – Zeppelin Raid on London (WWI). http://londonist.com/2010/07/wwi_airship_attacks_on_london_mappe http://www.centenarynews.com/article?id=1462

1917 – Romania – Battle of Mărăsesti ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_M%C4%83r%C4%83%C8%99e%C8%99ti


1923 – USA – Honda Point Disaster. https://youtu.be/KesDm_AFLZc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honda_Point_disaster

1926 – Germany – Joined League of Nations.

1930 – USA – Scotch tape marketed by 3M. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/3043098.stm

1933 – Iraq – Ghazi Bin Faisal became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghazi_of_Iraq


1934 – USA – Fire on SS Morro Castle off New Jersey coast, 135 killed. https://youtu.be/mrgDuqZluKk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www3.gendisasters.com/new-jersey/8759/asbury-park-nj-ss-morro-castle-disaster-sep-1934 http://youtu.be/7M8a2aHg-ck

1939 – Poland – Siege of Warsaw began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Warsaw_(1939)

1941 – USSR – Siege of Leningrad began (WWII). https://youtu.be/5OCoxf64Xyg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Frankfurt & Rüsselsheim (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1944 – UK – In WWII, London was hit for first time by a V-2 rocket. https://youtu.be/vnXaZJikGZ0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://maps.google.co.uk/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=208360238474826482719.00045e8ff5d5ea3507b5e

1951 – USA – Treaty of San Francisco signed by 48 nations with Japan for end of Pacific War. https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20136/volume-136-I-1832-English.pdf

1951 – Brazil – VASP plane near São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510908-0

1953 – Honduras – TACA plane crashed near San Andres, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530908-0

1955 – USA – Currey Air Transport plane crashed at Hollywood-Lockheed Air Terminal, CA, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550908-0

1962 – UK – Last run of Pines Express. http://www.sdjr.net/sd_services.html


1966 – UK – The Severn Bridge officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II. https://youtu.be/3XO0-PZ9Yyc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Severn_Bridge

1967 – UK – Formal end of steam locomotives in North East England by British Railways.

1974 – Mozambique – Mozambican War of Independence ended (Portuguese Colonial War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozambican_War_of_Independence


1989 – Denmark – Partnair Flight 394 crashed near Hirtshals, 55 killed. https://youtu.be/2WIi0_K04jI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890908-0

1991 – Macedonia – Independence from Yugoslavia. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/354223/Macedonia/284921/Independence


1994 – USA – US Air Flight 427 crashed near Pittsburgh International Airport, 132 killed. https://youtu.be/fjY_mR6S-Bs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940908-0

2002 – Papua New Guinea – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre on North Coast of New Guinea, 4 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/2245481.stm

York

1483 – Richard II invested his son Edward as Prince of Wales. http://richardiii-ipup.org.uk/riii/5