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7 September

1159 – Rome – Cardinal Orlando Bandinelli became Pope Alexander III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_III

1191 – Holy Land – Battle of Arsuf (Third Crusade). http://burnpit.legion.org/2012/09/battle-arsuf-richard-lionhearts-crusaders-defeat-saladins-army

1303 – Rome – Pope Boniface VIII abducted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII#Abduction_and_death

1571 – England – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, arrested for his role in plotting to assassinate Elizabeth I and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/norfolk4.htm

1631 – Saxony (Germany) – Battle of Breitenfeld (30 Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Breitenfeld_(1631)

1652 – Taiwan – Guo Huaiyi Rebellion started. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guo_Huaiyi_Rebellion

1695 – Arabian Sea – Ganj-i-Sawai captured by pirate Henry Every. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganj-i-Sawai

1706 – Italy – Siege of Turin ended (War of the Spanish Succession). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Turin

1764 – Poland – Stanisław August Poniatowski became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanis%C5%82aw_August_Poniatowski

1778 – British West Indies – French invaded Dominica (American Revelutionary War). http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/dominica.htm

1792 – France – September Massacres ended (French Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_Massacres

1812 – Russia – Battle of Borodino (Napoleonic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Borodino

1818 – Norway – Coronation of Charles III John. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_XIV_John_of_Sweden#King_of_Sweden_and_Norway

1822 – Brazil – Independence from Portugal. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_of_Brazil

1857 – USA – Mountain Meadows Massacre began. http://archive.archaeology.org/online/news/mormons.html http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/mass/mtn_meadows/index.html

1901 – China – Boxer Rebellion ended with signing of Boxer Protocol. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boxer_Rebellion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boxer_Protocol

1907 – UK – RMS Lusitania maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York City. http://www.rmslusitania.info/

1920 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Garfagnana, Lunigiana, 171 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1920_Garfagnana_earthquake

1920 – Switzerland – Finnish Air Force plane crashed at Lake Zürich, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=71567

1920 – Switzerland – Finnish Air Force plane crashed at Gliems Glacier, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=71566

1921 – Ireland – Legion of Mary founded in Dublin. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legion_of_Mary

1921 – USA – First Miss America Pageant held in Atlantic City, New Jersey. http://www.missamerica.org/our-miss-americas/1920/1921.aspx


1923 – Austria – INTERPOL founded. https://youtu.be/xGotAhKfMyo https://www.interpol.int/About-INTERPOL/History

1929 – Finland – Steamer Kuru sank on Lake Näsijärvi, Tampere, 136 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HL_Kuru

1932 – Gran Chaco – Battle of Boquerón began (Chaco War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Boquer%C3%B3n_(1932)

1940 – Bulgaria/Romania – Treaty of Craiova signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Craiova


1942 – Papua New Guinea – Battle of Milne Bay ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/rlrDzh1VE-g WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Milne_Bay

1943 – USA – Fire at Gulf Hotel, Houston, Texas, 55 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/texas/3403/houston-tx-gulf-hotel-destroyed-fire-sep-1943

1943 – Australia – RAAF plane crashed at Townsville, Queensland, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430907-3

1943 – Ghana – USAAF plane crashed near Accra Airport, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430907-4

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Presque Isle AAF, ME, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440907-0

1944 – Australia – ML-KNIL plane crashed near Mossman, QLD, 20 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440907-2


1945 – Germany – Berlin Victory Parade. https://youtu.be/CjrApvHZZw8  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Victory_Parade_of_1945

1945 – USA – Eastern Air Lines Flight 42 crashed near Florence, SC, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450907-0

1945 – Myanmar – RAF plane missing, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450907-2

1946 – Gambia – BSAA plane crashed near Bathurst-Yundum Airport, 24 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460907-1

1946 – USA – Mt McKinley Airfreight plane crashed at Nome, AK, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460907-2

1946 – Cuba – Expreso Aéreo Interamericano plane crashed at La Esperanza, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460907-3

1949 – Malaysia – RAF plane crashed near Taiping, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490907-0

1955 – Turkey – Istanbul Pogrom ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbul_pogrom

1959 – USA – Summer III Pan American Games ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1959_Pan_American_Games

1969 – Argentina – Second Battle of Rosariazo began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosariazo#Second_Rosariazo

1977 – USA – Torrijos-Carter Treaties signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torrijos%E2%80%93Carter_Treaties


1999 – Greece – Earthquake measuring 5.9Mw, epicentre in Athens. http://youtu.be/8bRR2y9-Ho0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Athens_earthquake

2004 – Grenada – Hurricane Ivan hit, 39 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3634898.stm

2005 – Egypt – First multi-party election held.


2011 – Russia – YAK Service Flight 9633 crashed near Yaroslavl-Tunoshna Airport, 44 killed. https://youtu.be/c1eEwUsI1pk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110907-0

2012 – China – Earthquake measuring 5.6Mw, epicentre in Zhaotong, Yunnan, 81 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19527695

2012 – Kenya – Tana River District Clashes. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012%E2%80%9313_Tana_River_District_clashes#September_incident

York

1483 – The play Credo was performed at the Guildhall for Richard III & his court.

1889 – Train ran into buffers on Platform 6, York Station, 13 killed.