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6 September

49BCE – Roman Republic – Siege of Massilia ended (Caesar’s Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Massilia

394 – Roman Empire – Battle of Frigidus ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Frigidus

972 – Rome – Pope John XIII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XIII

1032 – Burgandy – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1522 – Spain – The Victoria became first ship to circumnavigate the world, only surviving ship of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition. http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/maps/websites/pacific/magellan/magellan.html


1620 – England – Pilgrims sailed from Plymouth to North America on the Mayflower. https://youtu.be/fNNKGAybe08 http://mayflowerhistory.com/voyage/

1634 – Bavaria – Battle of Nördlingen ended (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_N%C3%B6rdlingen_(1634)

1701 – England – Exiled James II died, aged 67. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=james2

1781 – USA – Battle of Groton Heights (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Groton_Heights

1793 – France – Battle of Hondschoote began (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hondschoote_(1793)

1803 – UK – John Dalton began using symbols to represent atoms of different elements. http://www.chemheritage.org/discover/online-resources/chemistry-in-history/themes/the-path-to-the-periodic-table/dalton.aspx

1812 – USA – Battle of Plattsburgh began (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Plattsburgh

1870 – USA – Louisa Ann Swain became first woman to legally cast vote. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisa_Ann_Swain http://womenshistory.about.com/od/suffrage/a/1st_woman_vote.htm

1901 – USA – President William McKinley shot by Leon Czolgosz (died 14 Sept). http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/mckinley.htm


1914 – France – First Battle of the Marne began (WWI). https://youtu.be/KXEZnp9iz8I WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/marne1.htm

1929 – Iran – Imperial Airways plane crashed at Jask Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19290906-0

1937 – Spain – Battle of El Mazuco began (Spanish Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_El_Mazuco

1939 – South Africa – Declared war on Germany (WWII). http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1939/

1939 – UK – Battle of Barking Creek, Essex (WWII). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/70/a5781170.shtml https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Barking_Creek

1940 – Romania – King Carol II abdicated, his son Michael became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carol_II_of_Romania http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_I_of_Romania

1943 – Mexico – Monterrey Institute of Technology founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monterrey_Institute_of_Technology

1943 – USA – Train derailed at Frankford Junction, Philidelphia, Pennsylvania, 79 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/pennsylvania/4193/philadelphia,-pa-congressional-limited-train-wrecks,-sep-1943  http://nrhs1.org/images/Dispatcher_Sep_09.pdf

1944 – Ireland – RAF plane crashed off Bloody Foreland, Co. Donegal, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440906-1

1944 – Estonia – Tartu Offensive ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tartu_Offensive

1948 – Netherlands – Juliana became Queen. http://youtu.be/NMBAiukwXrw https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juliana_of_the_Netherlands

1948 – Norway – RNoAF plane crashed at Førdesveten, Hordaland, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480906-0

1949 – USA – Former soldier shot neighbours in Camden, New Jersey, 13 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.U/u/unruh-howard.htm

1950 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Itami AB, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500906-0


1952 – UK – Prototype aircraft crashed at Farnborough Airshow, Hampshire, 31 killed. http://youtu.be/IHj0FOkcE94 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/6/newsid_2981000/2981786.stm

1955 – Turkey – Istanbul Pogrom began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbul_pogrom

1955 – USA – USAF plane crashed at Albuquerque-Kirtland AFB, NM, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550906-0

1955 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Alexandria-England AFB, LA, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550906-1

1960 – Senagal – Léopold Sédar Senghor became first President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9opold_S%C3%A9dar_Senghor


1962 – UK – Discovery of a 2nd century ship made by archaeologist Peter Marsden in the Blackriars area of London. https://youtu.be/fursqRWwc-0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackfriars_Ships

1968 – Swaziland – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14095711


1972 – West Germany – Munich Massacre ended at Olympic Games, 11 died. https://youtu.be/Udo2JZXVfoY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/olympics-massacre-munich–the-real-story-524011.html

1975 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Lice, Diyarbakir, 2385 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1975_09_06.php

1985 – USA – Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105 crashed at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 31 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850906-0

1986 – Turkey – Neve Shalom Synagogue Massacre, 22 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1987/01/04/magazine/the-istanbul-synagogue-massacre.html

1991 – Russia – Leningrad renamed Saint Petersburg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Petersburg


1997 – UK – Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales took place in London. https://youtu.be/ndV3GJUBN0M http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/politics97/diana/order.html

2008 – China – Paralympic XIII Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Beijing. http://www.paralympic.org/beijing-2008

2009 – Philippines – Superferry 9 sank off Zamboanga Peninsula, 10 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/8240224.stm

York

1791 – John Monitor, John Bennet and Abraham Robertshaw were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf