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5 September

163BC – Babylon – Comet observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

394 – Roman Empire – Battle of Frigidus began. http://burnpit.us/2015/09/battle-frigidus-river-east-romans-defeat-west-romans-reuniting-empire

917 – China – Liu Yan declared himself Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liu_Yan_(emperor)

1634 – Bavaria – Battle of Nördlingen began (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_N%C3%B6rdlingen_(1634)


1666 – England – Great Fire of London ended, 10,000 buildings destroyed, 6 killed. https://youtu.be/GBzEoyJ_5jU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/greatfire.htm http://www.fireoflondon.org.uk/game

1694 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Irpinia, 6,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1694_Irpinia-Basilicata_earthquake

1697 – Canada – Battle of Hudson’s Bay (War of the Grand Alliance). http://faraheim.com/the-battle-of-hudson-bay-project/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hudson%27s_Bay

1698 – Russia – Tsar Peter I imposed a tax on beards for all men, except clergy and peasantry. http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/797/beards-gets-taxed

1781 – America – Battle of the Chesapeake (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Chesapeake

1798 – France – Conscription made mandatory (Jourdan Law). http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/government/legislation/c_conscription.html

1800 – Malta – Surrendered to GB by French. http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/battles/1798/c_Malta.html

1807 – Denmark – Second Battle of Copenhagen ended (Napoleonic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Copenhagen_(1807)

1812 – USA – Siege of Fort Wayne began (War of 1812). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_Wayne


1840 – Italy – Verdi’s Un Giorno di Regno premiered at La Scala, Milan. https://youtu.be/rV4N3A3fv9w  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Un_giorno_di_regno

1882 – USA – First Labour Day parade held in New York City. http://www.history.com/topics/labor-day

1887 – UK – Fire at Theatre Royal, Exeter, 186 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/insideout/southwest/series3/exeter_theatre_fire.shtml

1905 – USA – Treaty of Portsmouth signed, ending the Russo-Japenese War. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Portsmouth https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Japanese_War

1918 – Russia – Kazan Operation began (Russian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazan_Operation

1924 – Georgian SSR – August Uprising ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Uprising


1927 – USA – Disney’s Trolley Troubles released. https://youtu.be/3LCFvz6-LCU  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trolley_Troubles

1938 – Chile – Seguro Obrero massacre. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seguro_Obrero_massacre

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked chemical works at Hüls (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Egypt – Battle of Alam el Halfa ended (WWII). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/timeline/factfiles/nonflash/a1125073.shtml

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Saint Joseph-Rosecrans AAF, MO, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430905-1

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Sedalia, MO, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430905-2

1943 – Vanuato – USAAF plane crashed off Espirítu Santo, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430905-3

1944 – Crete – Razing of Anogia ended (WWII). http://www.explorecrete.com/history/WW2_Anogia_Destruction.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Razing_of_Anogeia

1945 – France – RAF plane crashed at Istres-Le Tubé Air Base, 17 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450905-1

1945 – Myanmar – RAF plane crashed near Myingyan, 31 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450905-2

1946 – USA – Trans Luxury Airlines plane crashed near Elko, NV, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460905-0

1954 – Ireland – KLM Flight 633 crashed off Shannon Airport, 28 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540905-0

1970 – South Vietnam – Operation Jefferson Glenn began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jefferson_Glenn


1972 – West Germany – Munich Massacre started at Olympic Games. https://youtu.be/k1nI3hLpzGo    WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/olympics-massacre-munich–the-real-story-524011.html

1975 – USA – Attempted assassination of President Gerald Ford at Sacramento, California, by Lynette Fromme. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/gerald-ford-survives-first-assassination-attempt

1977 – USA – Voyager 1 launched. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/missions/voyager.html

1980 – Switzerland – St. Gotthard Tunnel opened. http://www.asce.org/Featured-Images/gotthard-road-tunnel/

1984 – Australia – Western Austrailia abolished capital punishment. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/wa/num_act/aaoc52o1984327/aaoc52o1984327.pdf

1986 – Pakistan – Pan Am Flight 73 hijacked at Karachi International Airport. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19860905-0

1990 – Sri Lanka – Eastern University Massacre, 158 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_University_massacre


1996 – USA – Hurricane Fran hit North Carolina, 27 Killed. https://youtu.be/0F6YmfGIUco http://www.weather.gov/mhx/Sep051996EventReview

2000 – Tuvalu – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/member-states/

2004 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre near Mie Prefecture Kinki-Tōkai. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2004/usnaav/

2005 – Indonesia – Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashed in Sumatra, 149 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20050905-0

2005 – Democratic Republic of Congo – Galaxy Incorporation plane crashed near Isiro-Matari, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20050905-1

2011 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Medan, Sumatra, 3 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc0005pdr/

2012 – Cost Rica – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre in Nicoya, 3 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2012/usc000cfsd/

2012 – India – Explosion at Om Sakthi Fireworks Industries Factory in Sivakasi, 40 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-19486175

2012 – Turkey – Explosion at Army ammunition store in Afyon, 25 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-19499479

York

1612 – Richard Carson and Thomas Armstrong were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1465 – Enthronement of George Neville as Archbishop of York at Cawood Castle. https://thefreelancehistorywriter.com/2016/07/22/archbishop-george-neville-serves-a-magnificent-medieval-feast-a-guest-post-by-lisa-graves/ https://www.yas.org.uk/content/treasures/neville.html

1789 – Prince of Wales & Duke of York left for Castle Howard (or 29 Aug).