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4 September

422 – Rome – Pope Boniface I died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_I

476 – Roman Empire/Italy – Emperor Romulus Augustulus deposed. Odoacer proclaimed himself “King of Italy”. End of Western Roman Empire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romulus_Augustulus  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odoacer

626 – China – Li Shimin became Emperor (Taizong of Tang). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Taizong_of_Tang

929 – Germany – Battle of Lenzen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lenzen

1260 – Italy – Battle of Montaperti. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Montaperti

1479 – Castile & Aragon/Portugal – Treaty of Alcáçovas signed (War of the Castillian Succession). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Alc%C3%A1%C3%A7ovas


1607 – Ireland – Flight of the Earls. https://youtu.be/RymqpMb1IH0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/plantation/planters/es02.shtml https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flight_of_the_Earls

1760 – India – Siege of Pondicherry began (Third Carnic War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Pondicherry_(1760)

1781 – USA – Los Angeles, California founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles

1797 – France – Coup of the 18 Fructidor (French Revolution). http://www.napoleon-empire.com/counter-revolution/18_fructidor.php

1812 – USA – Siege of Fort Harrison began (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_Harrison

1862 – USA – Maryland Campaign began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam/history/the-maryland-campaign-of-1862.html

1870 – France – Emperor Napolean III deposed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon_III

1877 – USA – Great Railroad Strike ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Railroad_Strike_of_1877

1882 – USA – Pearl Street electric station went into operation. http://ethw.org/Milestones:Pearl_Street_Station,_1882

1886 – USA – Apache leader Geronimo surrendered to General Nelson Miles, Arizona (American Indian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geronimo

1899 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Cape Yakataga, Alaska. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1899_09_04.php

1914 – France – Battle of Grand Couronné began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Grand_Couronn%C3%A9

1923 – USA – Maiden flight of airship USS Shenandoah. http://www.airships.net/us-navy-rigid-airships/uss-shenandoah

1939 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Wilhelmshaven, Cruxhaven & Shillig Roads (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Bremen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1944 – Belgium – Antwerp liberated by British 11th Armoured Division (WWII). https://youtu.be/8KiGdOG3bxU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=193

1944 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at San Francisco Bay, CA, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440904-0

1946 – France – Air France plane crashed near Paris-Le Bourget Airport, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460904-0

1948 – Netherlands – Queen Wilhelmina abdicated, Juliana became Queen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelmina_of_the_Netherlands  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juliana_of_the_Netherlands


1949 – USA – Peekskill Riots. https://youtu.be/BUki-v-NvoE http://www.bencourtney.com/peekskillriots/

1950 – USA – Robinsons Airlines Flight 32 crashed near Utica, NY, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500904-0


1957 – USA – Governor of Arkansas called out National Guard to prevent African American students enrolling at Central High School, Little Rock. http://youtu.be/xERXusiEszs http://www.history.com/topics/central-high-school-integration

1963 – Switzerland – Swissair Flight 306 crashed near Dürrenäsch, 180 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19630904-0


1964 – Scotland – Forth Road Bridge officially opened. https://youtu.be/9d_s2f5SshI http://www.forthroadbridge.org/history

1967 – South Vietnam – Operation Swift began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Swift

1971 – USA – Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 crashed near Juneau, Alaska, 111 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19710904-0

1975 – Switzerland – Sinai Interim Agreement signed (Arab-Israeli Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinai_Interim_Agreement

1977 – USA – Golden Dragon massacre, San Francisco, California, 5 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Dragon_massacre

1998 – USA – Google founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google

1999 – Russia – Russian Apartment Bombings began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Russian_apartment_bombings

2010 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Canterbury. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-12

York

1945 – Racing returned to York Racecourse following use as Prisoner of War camp during WWII. https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2010/nov/08/prisoner-of-war-camps-uk#data http://www.greyhoundderby.com/briefyork.htm