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30 September

489 – Italy – Battle of Verona (Roman-Germanic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Verona_(489)

737 – Afghanistan – Battle of Baggage (Umyyad-Turgesh Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Baggage

1061 – Rome – Anselmo da Baggio, bishop of Lucca, became Pope Alexander II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_II

1399 – England – Henry IV (Bolingbroke) became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry4

1730 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Beijing, followed by Tsunami. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1730_Valpara%C3%ADso_earthquake

1744 – Italy – Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo (War of Austrian Succession). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Madonna_dell%27Olmo

1864 – USA – Battle of Chaffin’s Farm & New Market Heights ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/new-market-heights/new-market-heights-maps/battle-of-chaffins-farm.html

1882 – USA – Thomas Edison’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant began operations. https://www.asme.org/getmedia/c0b5b641-34df-46a5-aa22-c847b42084b4/29-Vulcan-Street-Power-Plant.aspx

1888 – UK – Jack the Ripper killed his 3rd and 4th victims in London, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes. http://www.casebook.org/victims/stride.html http://www.casebook.org/victims/eddowes.html

1935 – USA – Hoover Dam dedicated. http://www.history.com/speeches/secretary-of-the-interior-ickes-dedicates-hoover-dam  https://www.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/140hooverdam/140facts3.htm


1938 – Germany – Munich Agreement signed. https://youtu.be/wKA-lhWFbsE  http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/munich-pact-signed


1941 – Ukraine – Babi Yar Massacre ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/zB7S5l-y-Qg  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babi_Yar

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Stettin & Hamburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Arran Island, Scotland, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430930-1


1945 – UK – Rail crash at Bourne End, Hertfordshire, 43 killed. https://youtu.be/8-mP8mEIEqw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/eventsummary.php?eventID=106

1947 – Pakistan & Yemen – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/member-states/

1949 – Brazil – Transportes Aéreos Bandeirantes plane crashed at Iguape, SP, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490930-0

1950 – USA – John W Galbreath plane crashed at Columbus Southwest Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500930-0

1954 – UK – RAF plane crashed off Calne, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540930-0


1955 – USA – James Dean killed in car crash. https://youtu.be/Q0zdQ2Vfv90 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Dean

1966 – Botswana – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13041658


1967 – UK – BBC Radio1 launched. https://youtu.be/M5G8pfRowtU  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BBC_Radio_1


1993 – India – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Latur-Killari, 9,748 killed. https://youtu.be/DQfdjfUFUF4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993_Latur_earthquake


1994 – UK – London Underground Aldwych tube station closed. https://youtu.be/yiBOrI75iiA http://underground-history.co.uk/aldwych.php


1994 – UK – Ongar railway station closed. https://youtu.be/aL3iLnhIVd8 http://underground-history.co.uk/ongar.php

1999 – Japan – Tōkai-mura nuclear accident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokaimura_nuclear_accident#In_1999

2007 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Auckland Islands. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007hxan/

2009 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Southern Sumatra, 1115 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2009/us2009mebz/

2012 – Colombia – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Isnos. http://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/colombia-hit-by-a-magnitude-73/81948

York


2005 – Terry’s of York closed. https://youtu.be/euw7BUY8vXk http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/victorian/joseph-terry-sons-chocolate-manufacturers