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27 September

1290 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Chihli, estimated 100,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1290_Chihli_earthquake

1331 – Poland – Battle of Płowce (Polish-Teutonic War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_P%C5%82owce

1371 – Greece – Battle of Maritsa (Serbian-Ottoman Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Maritsa

1422 – State of the Teutonic Order – Gollub War ended with signing of Treaty of Melno. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gollub_War   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Melno


1529 – Austria – Siege of Vienna began (Ottoman Wars of Europe). https://youtu.be/pPXDgUrg5E8 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Vienna

1590 – Rome – Pope Urban VII died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_VII

1605 – Latvia – Battle of Kircholm (Polish-Swedish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kircholm

1669 – Crete – Siege of Candia ended (Cretan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Candia

1700 – Rome – Pope Innocent XII died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_XII

1777 – USA – Lancaster, Pennsylvania became Capital for one day. https://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/buildings/section5  http://www.senate.gov/reference/reference_item/Nine_Capitals_of_the_United_States.htm

1821 – Mexico – Mexican War of Independence ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_War_of_Independence


1822 – France – Jean-François Champollion deciphered Rossetta Stone. https://youtu.be/a40nkKmxAxc  http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/decipherment_01.shtml

1825 – UK – Stockton and Darlington Railway opened. Began world’s first service of locomotive passenger trains. http://blog.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/2013/09/27/stockton-and-darlington-railway/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockton_and_Darlington_Railway

1854 – Atlantic Ocean – SS Arctic sank, 300 killed. http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?134815

1875 – UK – The Ellen Southward merchant ship wrecked during storm in Liverpool. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellen_Southard


1903 – USA – Old 97 train crash. https://youtu.be/iHrJzaBogpo  http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Wreck_of_the_Old_97

1922 – Greece – King Constantine I abdicated in favour of George II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_I_of_Greece  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_II_of_Greece

1937 – Bali – Balinese Tiger declared extinct. http://people.uwec.edu/jolhm/eh3/group10/Tiger.htm


1938 – UK – RMS Queen Elizabeth launched. https://youtu.be/gOWskJExck8 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Queen_Elizabeth

1940 – Germany – Tripartite Pact signed (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=84

1941 – USA – SS Patrick Henry launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Patrick_Henry

1942 – Solomon Islands – Second Battle of Matanikau ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_along_the_Matanikau#September_action

1942 – Algeria – Air France plane crashed at Ameur-el-Aïn, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420927-2

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Fort Benning-Lawson AAF, GA, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430927-0

1944 – France – Lufhansa plane shot down near Dijon, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440927-1

1946 – Brazil – Panair de Brasil plane crashed near Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460927-0

1949 – Argentina – FAMA plane crashed near Castilla, BA, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490927-0

1951 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Tachikawa Base, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510927-0

1951 – Japan – USAF plane crashed at Mount Tanazawa, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510927-1

1954 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed at Novosibirsk-Severny (North) Airport, 29 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540927-0

1961 – Sierra Leone – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1993 – Georgia – War in Abkhazia ended (Georgian-Abkhazia Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukhumi_massacre

1996 – USA – Julie N tanker crashed into Million Dollar Bridge, Portland causng oil spill. http://www.cerc.usgs.gov/orda_docs/DocHandler.ashx?task=get&ID=279

2001 – Switzerland – Zug Massacre, 14 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.L/l/leibacher-friedrich.htm

2002 – Timor-Leste – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

2003 – Sweden/French Guiana – SMART-1 satellite launched. http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/SMART-1

2003 – Russia – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Altai Republic, 3 killed. http://elpub.wdcb.ru/journals/rjes/v05/tje03141/tje03141.htm


2007 – USA – Dawn probe launched. https://youtu.be/4ObsViTRT18 http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/dawn/launch/

York


1975 – National Railway Museum opened by the Duke of Edinburgh. https://youtu.be/biJ0lFYyFeA http://www.nrm.org.uk/AboutUs/history.aspx