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23 September

1338 – Netherlands – Battle of Arnemuiden (Hundred Years’ War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Arnemuiden

1409 – Mongolia – Battle of Kherlen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kherlen

1549 – England – Battle of Blore Heath (War of the Roses), in Staffordshire. http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=6

1568 – New Spain (Mexico) – Battle of San Juan de Ulúa (Anglo-Spanish War). http://www.loc.gov/rr/rarebook/catalog/drake/drake-2-unfortunatevoy.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Juan_de_Ul%C3%BAa_(1568)

1641 – England – The Merchant Royal sank off Land’s End. http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?14252 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1552050/Hoard-of-treasure-found-on-wreck-off-Cornwall.html


1779 – GB – Battle of Flamborough Head (Anglo-French War). https://youtu.be/4lUGoB1KmTk http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/shipwrecks/battle_lesson/battle_lesson.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Flamborough_Head

1803 – India – Battle of Assaye (Second Anglo-Maratha War). http://www.britishbattles.com/second-mahratta/assaye.htm

1868 – Puerto Rico – Grito de Lares begen (Lares Revolt). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grito_de_Lares

1889 – Japan – Nintendo founded, making playing cards games. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nintendo

1899 – Philippines – Battle of Olongapo ended (Philippine-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Olongapo

1908 – Canada – University of Alberta founded. http://www.ualbertacentennial.ca/history/founding/index.html

1913 – Tunisia – Roland Garros became first person to fly across Mediterranean Sea (St. Raphael, France to Bizerte). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Garros_(aviator)

1932 – Saudi Arabia – Created from renaming Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/525348/Saudi-Arabia/45230/The-Kingdom-of-Saudi-Arabia

1940 – Germany – RAF bombed Berlin. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Solomon Islands – Second Battle of Matanikau began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_along_the_Matanikau#September_action

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Wisma, Flensburg & Vegesack (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at McCloud, CA, 5killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430923-0

1943 – Fiji – RNZAF plane crashed at Lauthala Bay, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430923-1

1944 – Mexico – Mexicana de Aviacion crashed near Tlanalapa, Hidalgo, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440923-11

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Boxtel, 2 killed (Operation Market Garden – WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440923-3

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Oosterbeek, 2 killed (Operation Market Garden – WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440923-9

1950 – Korea – Battle of Hill 282 (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hill_282

1965 – South Asia – Indo-Pakistani War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pakistani_War_of_1965


1969 – USA – Chicago Eight trial began. https://youtu.be/gwlgC3Lh4lg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/chicago7/chicago7.html

1983 – United Arab Emirates – Gulf Air Flight 771 crashed following bomb explosion, at Mino Jebel Ali, 112 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19830923-0

1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1992 – Ireland – Provisional IRA bombing of forensic laboratories in Belfast. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/ira-blast-damages-over-1000-homes-1553260.html

2008 – Finland – Kauhajoki School shooting, 10 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7630969.stm

York

1616 – Henry Musgrave and George Ridley were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1823 – York Music Festival revived.

1927 – York City Library, Museum Street, opened. http://www.rowntreesociety.org.uk/city-library-museum-street-today-york-explore/