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21 September

1217 – Estonia – Battle of St. Matthew’s Day (Livonian Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_St._Matthew%27s_Day

1327 – England – Edward II murdered, aged 43. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward2

1676 – Rome – Cardinal Benedetto Odescalchi became Pope Innocent XI. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_XI

1745 – Scotland – Battle of Prestonpans (Second Jacobite Rising). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/stuart-rebellions/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=69 http://www.britishbattles.com/battle_of_prestonpans.htm

1776 – USA – Fire of New York. http://www.thehistorybox.com/ny_city/nycity_fire_1776_article1046.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Fire_of_New_York_(1776)


1792 – France – Declared a Republic, monarchy abolished. https://youtu.be/EBsJg0T40Fk http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/monarchy-abolished-in-france

1860 – China – Battle of Palikao (2nd Opium War). http://burnpit.us/2013/09/battle-palikao-anglo-french-force-defeats-chinese-army-clearing-way-peking

1898 – China – Hundred Days’ Reform ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Days%27_Reform


1919 – USA – Steel Strike started. https://youtu.be/l0wmKei0iMg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steel_strike_of_1919


1921 – Germany – Explosion at BASF factory in Oppau exploded, up to 600 killed. https://youtu.be/LL0Bnx8H4Jk  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oppau_explosion

1934 – Japan – Western Honshū hit by typhoon. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_Muroto_typhoon  https://stevengoddard.wordpress.com/2011/03/12/1934-typhoon-hits-japan-followed-by-a-massive-tsunami/


1938 – USA – Long Island hit by hurricane. https://youtu.be/SJAdKPa5inI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.weather.gov/okx/1938HurricaneHome

1939 – Romnia – Prime Minister Armand Călinescu assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armand_C%C4%83linescu

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked München (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Ukraine – Nazis sent 1000 Jews from Pidhaytsi sent to Belzec extermination camp (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pidhaytsi

1942 – Poland – Nazis ordered Jews to permananlty leave Kinstantynów, moved to Biala Podlaska ghetto (WWII). http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol7_00470.html

1942 – Ukraine – 2,588 Jews killed in Dunaivtsi by Nazis (WWII).

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down near Keldonk, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-10

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Sonse Heide, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-11

1944 – Belgium – RAF plane shot down at Arendonk, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-12

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane crashed at Driel, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-13

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Oploo, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-14

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Eindhoven, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-17

1944 – Brazil – Panair do Brasil plane crashed at Rio Doce, MG, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-21

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Malden AAF, MO, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-3

1944 – Belgium – RAF plane crashed at Ramskapelle, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-30

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Heteren, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-9

1944 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Bradwell Bay, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440921-23

1950 – Croatia – JAT plane crashed at Zagreb/Kucko Airport, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500921-0

1955 – Libya – BOAC plane crashed at Tripoli-Idris Airport 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550921-0

1964 – Malta – Independence from UK. http://youtu.be/BT2zWN0qT4E http://www.vassallomalta.com/Dates/Independence.htm

1965 – Gambia, Maldives & Singapore – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1971 – Bahrain, Bhutan & Qatar – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1976 – Seychelles – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1981 – Belize – Independence from UK. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/59500/Belize/276042/Independence

1984 – Brunei Darussalam – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1988 – Burma – 8888 Uprising ended. https://youtu.be/BFneRoJ3bGY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8888_Uprising

1991 – Armenia – Independence from USSR. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17398605

2013 – Nairobi – Gunmen attack Westgate Shopping Mall, 62 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westgate_shopping_mall_attack

York

1537 – William Wode was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1548 – Leaders of the Seamer Rebellion were executed at York.

1549 – William Ombler, Thomas Dale and John Stephen were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1728 – Francis Place, artist & engraver, died at his home at King’s Manor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Place_(artist)