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20 September

331BC – Arbela – Lunar eclipse observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

1066 – England – Third Viking Invasion began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norse_activity_in_the_British_Isles#Invasions_of_1066

1187 – Jerusalem – Siege of Jerusalem started. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_(1187)

1260 – Prussia – Great Prussian Uprising. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussian_uprisings#The_Great_Prussian_Uprising_.281260.E2.80.931274.29

1319 – England – Battle of Myton (First Scottish War of Independence). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=26

1378 – Avignon – Robert of Geneva became Antipope Clement VII. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antipope_Clement_VII

1498 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, followed by tsunami which hit Wakayama. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1498_Nankai_earthquake

1697 – Netherlands – Treaty of Ruswick signed (Nine Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Ryswick

1835 – Brazil – Ragamuffin War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ragamuffin_War

1854 – Crimea – Battle of Alma (Crimean War). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/viking/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=52

1862 – USA – Maryland Campaign ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam/history/the-maryland-campaign-of-1862.html

1863 – USA – Battle of Chickamauga ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chickamauga.html

1870 – Italy – Capture of Rome. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_Rome

1893 – USA – Charles and Frank Duryea road tested the first American made gasoline powered automobile. http://inventors.about.com/od/dstartinventors/a/DuryeaBrothers.htm

1906 – UK – RMS Mauretania launched at Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard, Newcatle upon Tyne. http://www.atlanticliners.com/mauretania_home.htm

1910 – France – SS France launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_France_(1910)

1911 – UK – RMS Olympic collided with HMS Hawke of the Isle of White http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/forums/collisions-accidents/3540-royal-mail-ship-olympic-hms-hawke-collision-20-september-1911-a-3.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Olympic#Hawke_collision

1916 – Ukraine – Brusilov Offensive ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brusilov_Offensive

1920 – Spain – Foundation of Spanish Legion. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Legion

1938 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Angel Bay, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380920-0

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Laurinburg-Maxton AAB, NC, 25 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430920-0

1944 – San Marino – Battle of San Marino ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Marino

1944 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Louisburg, KS, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440920-3

1946 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Xichang, Sichuan Province, 31 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460920-0

1946 – France – First Cannes Film Festival. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-cannes-film-festival

1952 – France – USAF plane crashed near Paris-Orly Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520920-0

1960 – Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic,

Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Cyprus,

Gabon, Madagascar, Niger, Somalia & Togo – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1961 – Greece – Konstantinos Dovas became Prime Minister. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konstantinos_Dovas

1966 – Guyana – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1967 – UK – RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 launched at John Brown & Compnay, Clydebank, Scotland. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/20/newsid_3075000/3075555.stm

1977 – Djibouti & Vietnam – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1984 – Lebanon – Suicide bomber attacked US Embassy in Beirut, 22 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/20/newsid_2525000/2525197.stm

1995 – Bosnia & Herzegovina – Operation Deliberate Force ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Deliberate_Force

1997 – Algeria – Guelb El- Kebir massacre ended, 53 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guelb_El-Kebir_massacre

1999 – Taiwan – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre in Chichi, Nantou, 2,400 killed. http://ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/event/show/50

2000 – UK – MI6 Building attack. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000_MI6_attack

2008 – Pakistan – Explosion at Marriott hotel, Islamabad, 54 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/7627135.stm

2010 – South Africa – Marikana Massacre ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marikana_killings

York

1066 – Battle of Fulford (Third Viking Invasion of England). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/viking/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=52