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19 September

634 – Syria – Siege of Damascus ended (Arab-Byzantine Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Damascus_(634)

1356 – France – Battle of Poitiers (Hundred Years’ War). http://www.britishbattles.com/100-years-war/poitiers.htm

1676 – America – Jamestown burned to ground (Bacon’s Rebellion). http://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/bacons-rebellion.htm

1692 – America – Giles Corey pressed to death having refused to plead in Salem witch trials. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/sal_bcor.htm

1777 – USA – First Battle of Saratoga (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga#First_Saratoga:_Battle_of_Freeman.27s_Farm_.28September_19.29  http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-saratoga.htm

1799 – Netherlands – Battle of Bergen (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bergen_(1799)

1862 – USA – Battle of Iuka (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/iuka.html


1863 – USA – Battle of Chickamauga began (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/oZj9O-Ikm3M http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chickamauga.html

1870 – France – Siege of Paris started (Franco-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Paris_(1870%E2%80%9371)

1879 – UK – Blackpool Illuminations turned on for first time. http://www.blackpool-illuminations.net/history.html

1881 – USA – President James A Garfield died. Chester A. Arthur became President (Republican). https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/chesterarthur

1893 – New Zealand – All women given right to vote. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/politics/womens-suffrage

1902 – Australia – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Warooka, 2 killed.

1931 – USA – Ford Motor Company plane crashed near Dearborn, MI, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19310919-0

1934 – USA – Bruno Hauptmann arrested for the kidnap and murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Hauptmann

1939 – Poland – Battle of Kepa Oksywska ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C4%99pa_Oksywska

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Saarbrücken & München (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Schaarsbergen, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-10

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down near Deelen, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-11

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Arnhem, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-12

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Speculator, NY, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-13

1944 – Belgium – USAAF plane shot down near Retie, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-19

1944 – Belgium – USAAF plane shot down near Turnhout, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-23

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down near Kessel, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-25

1944 – Italy – RAF plane crashed off Capo Carbonara, 16 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-29

1944 – Belgium – USAAF plane shot down near Kesterlee, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-30

1944 – Netherlands – Two USAAF planes shot down at Son, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-5 http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-6

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Best, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-8

1944 – Netherlands – RAF plane shot down at Wolfhezek, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440919-9

1944 – USSR – Moscow Armistice signed (Continuation War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_Armistice https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuation_War

1944 – Germany/Belgium – Battle of Hürtgen Forest began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_H%C3%BCrtgen_Forest

1947 – Peru – USAF plane crashed at Rio de Ocono, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470919-0

1948 – Germany – RAF plane crashed at Wunstorf RAF Station, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480919-0

1950 – Marshall Island – US Navy plane crashed near Kwajalein NAS, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500919-0

1953 – Colombia – Avianca plane crashed near San Luis de Palenque Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530919-0


1970 – UK – First Glastonbury Festival held. https://youtu.be/slKV4DOcIV4 http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/festivals/glastonbury/archive/1970/

1972 – UK – Parcel bomb attack at Israeli Embassy, London, 1 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/19/newsid_2523000/2523027.stm

1976 – Turkey – THY Flight 452 crashed near Isparta, 154 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19760919-0

1978 – Solomon Islands – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis – Independence from UK. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/country_profiles/1203069.stm

1985 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 8Mw, epicentre in Michoacán, 9,500 killed. http://www.history.com/topics/1985-mexico-city-earthquake

1989 – Niger – Bomb exploded on UTA Flight 772, crashed in Ténéré Desert, 170 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890919-1


1991 – Austria/Italy – Ötzi Iceman discovered in Alps. https://youtu.be/5kZbry9rgyU http://www.iceman.it/en/discovery

1997 – Algeria – Guelb El- Kebir massacre began, 53 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guelb_El-Kebir_massacre

2011 – Guatemala – Earthquake measuring 5.8Mw, epicentre in Santa Rosa, 3 killed.

York

1069 – Normans prepared for Siege of York by Danes. A fire was started in the suburbs which spread to parts of the city burning the Cathedral and Library. http://www.englandsnortheast.co.uk/NorthConquered.html

1690 – Henry Borwick and Edward Mangall were executed at White Cross Hill Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf