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17 September

530 – Rome – Pope Felix IV died. Boniface II became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Felix_IV  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_II

1176 – Turkey – Battle of Myriokephalon (Byzantine-Seljuq Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Myriokephalon

1462 – Poland – Battle of Świecino (Thirteen Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C5%9Awiecino

1620 – Moldavia – Battle of Cecora began (Polish-Ottoman War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cecora_(1620)

1631 – Saxony – Battle of Breitenfeld (Thirty Years War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Breitenfeld_(1631)

1775 – Canada – Siege of Fort St. Jean began (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_St._Jean

1778 – USA – Treaty of Fort Pitt signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Fort_Pitt


1787 – USA – US Constitution signed. https://youtu.be/NM1RSih-tU8 http://www.history.com/topics/constitution

1793 – France – Battle of Peyrestortes (War of the Pyrenees). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Peyrestortes

1794 – Belgium – Battle of Sprimont began (French Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sprimont

1809 – Finland/Sweden – Finnish War ended with the signing of Treaty of Fredrikshamn. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finnish_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Fredrikshamn

1813 – Bohemia – Second Battle of Kulm (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Kulm


1849 – USA – Abolitionist Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery. https://youtu.be/XmsNGrkbHm4 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Tubman

1861 – Argentina – Battle of Pavón (Argentine Civil Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pav%C3%B3n

1862 – USA – Battle of Antietam (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html


1862 – USA – Allegheny Arsenal Explosion (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/ybFjlH7JMuw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.post-gazette.com/life/lifestyle/2012/09/16/Allegheny-Arsenal-Explosion-Pittsburgh-s-worst-day-during-the-Civil-War/stories/201209160145

1894 – Korea – Battle of the Yalu River (First Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Yalu_River_(1894)

1900 – Philippines – Battle of Mabitac (Philippine-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mabitac

1901 – South Africa – Battle of Blood River Poort (Second Boer War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blood_River_Poort

1901 – South Africa – Battle of Elands River (Second Boer War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Elands_River_(1901)

1914 – France/Belgium – Race to the Sea began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_to_the_Sea

1914 – Australia – Andrew Fisher became Prime Minister (Third Time). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Fisher

1930 – Turkey – Ararat Rebellion ended (Kurdish Rebellion in Turkey). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ararat_rebellion

1941 – Iran – Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Soviet_invasion_of_Iran

1943 – USSR – Bryansk liberated (WWII).


1944 – Netherlands – Battle of Arnhem began (WWII). https://youtu.be/mP4IF2OY3Kc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Arnhem


1944 – Netherlands/Germany – Operation Market Garden began (WWII). https://youtu.be/G2obwt4n1G0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Market_Garden

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Groot Linden, 5 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-10

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Groesbeek, 4 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-18

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane crashed near Wagenbroek, 4 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-20

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down near Herjningen, 4 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-21

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down near Groesbeek, 3 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-24

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Bladel, 4 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-26

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down near Groesbeek, 2 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-28

1944 – Belgium – USAAF plane shot down at Retie, 9 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-14

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Casteren, 6 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-7

1944 – Netherlands – USAAF plane shot down at Bladel, 4 killed (Operation Market Garden, WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440917-9

1946 – Belgium – Sabena plane crashed at Brussel-Haren Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460917-0


1949 – Canada – Steamship SS Noronic burned in Toronto Harbour, 118 killed. https://youtu.be/GRcTij_ZpFc http://www.lostliners.com/Peril/noronic.html

1951 – South Sudan – RAF plane crashed near Loka, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510917-0

1951 – Brazil – REAL plane crashed at Ubatuba, SP, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510917-1

1955 – Canada – Pacific Western Airlines plane crashed near Thorhild, AB, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550917-0

1957 – Malaysia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1961 – USA – Civic Arena, with first retractable-dome, opened in Pittsburgh. https://youtu.be/DbyxSI3HYvs http://pittsburghhockey.net/old-site/Common/CivicArena/CivicArena.html

1974 – Bangladesh, Grenada & Guinea-Bissau – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1988 – South Korea – XXIV Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Seoul. https://youtu.be/xfIFiyLswLE https://www.olympic.org/seoul-1988

1991 – Estonia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Marshall Islands & Micronesia (Federate State of) – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


2004 – Greece – Paralympic XII Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Athens. http://youtu.be/dxBbjciQ-A8 https://www.paralympic.org/athens-2004

2006 – USA – Fourpeaked Mountain erupted in Alaska. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/view_news/687/Fourpeaked-Volcano-Alaska-eruption-news-first-known-eruption-.html

2008 – China – Paralympic XIII Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Beijing. https://www.paralympic.org/beijing-2008