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15 September

668 – Roman Empire – Constans II assassinated, Syracuse, Italy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constans_II

994 – Byzantine Empire – Battle of Orontes (Arab-Byzantine Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Orontes

1590 – Rome – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Castagna became Pope Urban VII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_VII

1644 – Rome – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphiji became Pope innocent X. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_X

1762 – Canada – Battle of Signal Hill at New Foundland (Seven Years War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Signal_Hill

1794 – France – Battle of Boxtel ended (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Boxtel

1795 – South Africa – Invasion of the Cape Colony ended (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_the_Cape_Colony_(1795)

1812 – USA – Siege of Fort Harrison ended (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_Harrison


1814 – USA – Battle of Baltimore ended (War of 1812). https://youtu.be/CnRQ8-MMX28 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Baltimore

1816 – UK – HMS Whiting ran aground on the Doom Bar. http://www.promare.co.uk/whiting/

1821 – Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua – Independence from Spain.

1830 – UK – Liverpool to Manchester railway line opened. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/manchester/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_8165000/8165208.stm

1847 – Mexico – Battle of Mexico City ended (Mexican-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_for_Mexico_City

1851 – USA – St. Joseph’s University founded, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Joseph%27s_University


1862 – USA – Battle of Harpers Ferry ended (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/2iN3-G5m-h8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://www.civilwar.org/learn/civil-war/battles/harpers-ferry

1869 – Guatemala – Independence from Spain.

1894 – Korea – Battle of Pyongyang (First Sino-Japanese War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pyongyang

1914 – France – First Battle of the Aisne ended (WWI). http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-the-aisne/


1916 – France – Tanks used for first time during Battle of the Somme (WWI). https://youtu.be/P5QlBE76yiQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressinghttp://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tanks-introduced-into-warfare-at-the-somme

1918 – Macedonia – Battle of Doro Pole began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dobro_Pole

1923 – Spain – Miguel Primo de Rivera became Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_Primo_de_Rivera

1935 – Germany – Nuremberg laws deprived German Jews of citizenship. http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/Nuremberg-Laws.htm

1936 – UK – British Airways plane crashed at London-Gatwick Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19360915-0

1939 – Mongolia – Battle of Khalkhin Gol ended (Soviet-Japanese Border Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Khalkhin_Gol

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked rail station at Hamburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1942 – Pacific Ocean – USS Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal (WWII). http://youtu.be/PZGQxGygA0U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressinghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Wasp_(CV-7)

1943 – India – USAAF plane missing between Chengkung & Sookerating, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430915-6

1944 – Palau Islands – Battle of Peleliu began (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Peleliu

1944 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Jacksonville NAS, FL, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440915-2

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440915-3

1944 – Finland – Lapland War began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapland_War

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Kansas City-Fairfax Field, KS, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450915-1

1946 – Canada – RCAF plane crashed at Estevan, SK, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460915-0

1947 – Japan – Typhoon Kathleen hit Kanto region, 1077 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1940%E2%80%9349_Pacific_typhoon_seasons#Typhoon_Kathleen

1951 – India – Air India plane crashed at Bangalore-Hindustan Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510915-0

1952 – Sudan – Kalinga Airlines plane crashed near Wadi Halfa, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520915-1

1954 – Egypt – Misrair plane crashed at Cairo-Almaza Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540915-1

1955 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Komarovo, Kansk District, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550915-0


1958 – USA – Train crash at Newark Bay, NJ, 48 killed. https://youtu.be/PgRRJfAY9v4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www3.gendisasters.com/new-jersey/1549/bayonne-nj-commuter-train-wreck-sept-1958

1959 – Mexico/Guatemala – Mexico-Guatemala Conflict ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico%E2%80%93Guatemala_conflict


1963 – USA – 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, Birmingham, Alabama, 4 killed. https://youtu.be/mxrAcEcVHBs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_Street_Baptist_Church_bombing

1967 – South Vietnam – Operation Swift ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Swift


1968 – USSR – Zond 5 spaceship launched. https://youtu.be/U0byS_wcohI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1968-076A

1974 – Vietnam – Air Vietnam Flight 706 hijacked and crashed near Phan Rang, 75 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19740915-0

1981 – Vanuatu – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1989 – Caribbean – NOAA plane hit by Hurricane Hugo, landed safely. https://youtu.be/SbYLtK1vW48 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing

2000 – Australia – XXVII Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Sydney.  https://www.olympic.org/sydney-2000

2011 – Fiji – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre near Suva. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc0005vcv/#details

2011 – Libya – Battle of Sirte began (Libyan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sirte_(2011)

York

1757 – A Mob objected to the new militia laws, the Cockpit-House and Mr. Bowes house were destroyed, outside Bootham Bar. https://archive.org/details/historicalrecord00raikrich

1872 – Train crash at Copmanthorpe & Chaloner’s Whin Junction.