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12 September

1213 – France – Battle of Muret (Albigensian Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Muret

1229 – Majorca – Battle of Portopí (Conquest of Majorca). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Portop%C3%AD

1309 – Gibraltar – First Siege of Gibraltar ended (Reconquista). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Siege_of_Gibraltar

1362 – Rome/Avignon – Pope Innocent VI died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_VI

1683 – Austria – Battle of Vienna (Great Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vienna

1814 – USA – Battle of North Point (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_North_Point

1847 – Mexico – Battle of Chapultepec started (Mexican-American War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chapultepec

1848 – Switzerland – Became a Federal State. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/577225/Switzerland/257027/The-liberal-triumph


1857 – USA – SS Central America sank off coast of North Carolina, 426 killed. https://youtu.be/mIIi2_SHmBc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.sscentralamerica.com/overview.html

1874 – Canada – Maple Ridge, British Columbia founded. http://www.mapleridgemuseum.org/08_community/08_02_the_ridge.html

1890 – Rhodesia – Salisbury founded. http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/rhodesia.htm

1897 – British India – Battle of Saragarhi (Tirah Campaign). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Saragarhi


1906 – UK – Newport Transporter Bridge opened in Wales by Viscount Tredegar. https://youtu.be/OLOmoT56GeY http://www.newport.gov.uk/heritage/index.cfm/TransporterBridge/

1914 – France – First Battle of Marne ended (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/marne1.htm


1920 – Belgium – VII Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Antwerp. https://youtu.be/CNTu99tunuc http://www.olympic.org/antwerp-1920-summer-olympics


1940 – France – Cave paintings found in Lascaux. https://youtu.be/qNwMvVB5LkI http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/?lng=en


1940 – USA – Explosion at Hercules Powder Company, New Jersey, 51 killed. https://youtu.be/ZZNAOjQzc2U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www3.gendisasters.com/new-jersey/1946/kenvil,-nj-hercules-powder-company-explosion,-sept-1940


1942 – West Africa – RMS Laconia torpedoed and sank of coast (WWII). https://youtu.be/7esQ9S46EJY http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/2157.html  http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/liverpool/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_9346000/9346011.stm

1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Edson’s Ridge began (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Edson%27s_Ridge

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Anchorage-Elmendorf AFB, AK, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500912-1

1951 – Spain – STAAP plane crashed off Palma, 39 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510912-0

1951 – USA – United Airlines Flight 7030 crashed near Redwood City, CA, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510912-1

1954 – Brazil – Cruzeiro do Sul plane crashed off Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport, RJ, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540912-0

1954 – Greenland – USAF plane crashed near Thule Air Base, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540912-1

1959 – Soviet Union – Lunik II launched. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/12/newsid_3054000/3054080.stm


1988 – Jamaica – Hit by Hurricane Gilbert. https://youtu.be/5by2-w2_xIU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/hurricane-gilberts-wrath-in-ja/73109

1990 – USSR – Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_on_the_Final_Settlement_with_Respect_to_Germany

1992 – USA – Space Shuttle Endeavour launched. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-47.html


1994 – USA – Plane crashed at White House’s south lawn, 1 killed. https://youtu.be/k5AmxgXYqtw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=32335

2005 – Hong Kong – Disneyland opened at Penny’s Bay, Lantau Island. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Disneyland

2007 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 8.5Mw, epicentre in Sumatra, 25 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007hear/

2008 – USA – Two trains collided in Chatsworth, Los Angeles, 25 killed. http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/reports/2010/rar1001.pdf

2011 – USA – The 9/11 Memorial Museum opened to public, New York City. http://www.911memorial.org/

2012 – Libya – Benghazi Attack ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Benghazi_attack