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1 September

1159 – Rome – Pope Adrian IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Adrian_IV

1181 – Rome – Cardinal Ubaldo Allucingoli became Pope Lucius III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Lucius_III

1271 – Rome – Cardinal Tebaldo Visconti became Pope Gregory X. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_X

1529 – Argentina – Spanish fort Sancti Spiritu destroyed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancti_Spiritu_(Argentina)

1532 – England – Lady Anne Boleyn made Marquess of Pembroke by Henry VIII. http://onthetudortrail.com/Blog/anne-boleyn/marquis-of-pembroke/

1644 – Scotland – Battle of Tippermuir (Wars of Three Kingdoms). http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/military/montrose-tippermuir.htm

1715 – France – Louis XIV died. http://www.biography.com/#!/people/louis-xiv-9386885#synopsis

1772 – America – Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded. http://www.missionsanluisobispo.org/?page_id=207

1774 – America – Powder Alarm at Massachusetts Bay. http://www.offthereservation.net/2013/01/the-powder-alarm-of-1774.html

1836 – USA – Narcissa Whitman arrived at Walla Walla, Washington, one of the first english speaking women to settle in this area. http://www.nps.gov/whmi/historyculture/narcissa-biography.htm

1859 – USA, Europe & Japan – Aurora Borealis seen. http://science1.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2003/23oct_superstorm/

1862 – USA – Battle of Chantilly (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chantilly.html

1870 – France – Battle of Sedan (Franco-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sedan_(1870)

1873 – Zulu Nation – Cetshwayo became king. http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/chief-cetshwayo

1878 – USA – Emma Nutt became first female telephone operator at Telephone Despatch Company, Boston. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_Nutt

1880 – Afghanistan – Battle of Kandahar ended (Second Anglo-Afghan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kandahar

1888 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Canterbury. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-4


1894 – USA – Great Hinckley Fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, 400+ killed. http://youtu.be/z5Bzg4nztDk

1897 – USA – Boston Subway opened. http://massmoments.org/moment.cfm?mid=254

1905 – Canada – Saskatchewan and Alberta became 8th & 9th Provinces.

1914 – Russia – St. Petersburg changed name to Petrograd. http://www.saint-petersburg.com/history/1914-1924.asp

1920 – USA – Fountain of Time opened in Washington Park, Chicago, Illinois. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fountain_of_Time


1923 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Kantō region, 143,000 killed. http://youtu.be/E8h6KLaYB8g http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-great-japan-earthquake-of-1923-1764539/?no-ist

1939 – Slovakia & Poland – Invaded by Nazi Germany (WWII). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/invasion_poland_01.shtml

1941 – France – Air France plane crashed near Marseille-Marignane Airport, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410901-0

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers hit Saarlouis (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1948 – Russia – Aeroflot plane crashed at Novosibirsk-Severny Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480901-0

1949 – Mexico – TAJ plane crashed at El Tuito, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490901-0

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Parsons, TN, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500901-0

1951 – USA/ Australia & New Zealand – ANZUS Treaty signed. http://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/cwr/102768.htm

1961 – Ethiopia – Eritrean War of Independence began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrean_War_of_Independence

1980 – South Korea – Major General Chun Doo-hwan became President. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chun_Doo-hwan

1982 – USA – US Air Force Space Command founded. http://www.afspc.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet_print.asp?fsID=3649&page=1


1983 – USSR – Korean Flight 007 shot down by Soviet jet fighter, 269 killed. http://youtu.be/jtXQTfRFh7o http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19830901-0

1991 – Uzbekistan – Independence from USSR. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbekistan

1994 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Cape Mendocino, California. http://www.conservation.ca.gov/cgs/geologic_hazards/earthquakes/pdfs/Documents/CG_MARAPR1995.pdf

2004 – Russia – Beslan School hostage situation started. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/world/04/russian_s/html/1.stm

York

1789 – Prince of Wales given freedom to the city, whilst visiting York

1821 – George Smith, James Butterworth, James Bennet, William Buck and James Law were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf