***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

9 October

1047 – Rome – Pope Clement II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_II

1238 – Kingdom of Valencia – Founded by James I of Aragon. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_Aragon

1446 – Korea – Hangul alphabet published. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangul

1514 – France – Louis XII married Mary Tudor at Abbeville. http://tudorhistory.org/people/mary2/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XII_of_France

1558 – Venezuela – Mérida founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9rida,_M%C3%A9rida

1594 – Kingdom of Kandy – Campaign of Danture ended (Sinhalese-Portuguese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_of_Danture

1708 – Belarus – Battle of Lesnaya (Great Northern War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lesnaya

1740 – Indonesia – Massacre of Chinese in Batavia began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1740_batavia_massacre


1771 – Finland – Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sank off coast. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPd-6q_5CKs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vrouw_Maria

1799 – Holland – HMS Lutine sank off coast. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Lutine_(1779)

1804 – Tasmania – Hobart founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hobart

1806 – Prussia – Declared war against France (War of the Fourth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Fourth_Coalition

1824 – Costa Rica – Slavery abolished.

1834 – Ireland – Dublin and Kingstown Railway opened. http://blog.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/the-dublin-to-kingstown-railway-the-first-railway-in-ireland-opened-on-9-october-1834/


1861 – USA – Battle of Santa Rosa Island (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/_BHULzaLhuk http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/fl/Santa-Rosa-Island-Florida.html

1864 – USA – Battle of Tom’s Brook (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/toms-brook.html

1874 – Switzerland – Treaty of Berne signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Bern


1888 – USA – Washington Monument officially opened to public. https://youtu.be/ck2Dl4pZhUs http://www.washingtondc-go.com/attractions/washington-monument-history.html

1900 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre in Kodiak Island, Alaska.

1934 – Yugoslavia – Alexander I assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_I_of_Yugoslavia

1940 – UK – London Blitz, St Paul’s Cathedral hit (WWII). http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/st-pauls-cathedral-bombed

1942 – Solomon Islands – Third Battle of the Matanikau ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_along_the_Matanikau#October_action

1943 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Mariensburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Tockwith, 7 killed. http://www.yorkpress.co.uk/news/13791795.Remembering_the_night_tragedy_fell_from_the_skies/?ref=fbshr

1949 – USA – Slick Airways Flight 11-8 plane crashed near Cheyenne, WY, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491009-0


1950 – South Korea – Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre started (Korean War). https://youtu.be/JF_osR8m1Oc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goyang_Geumjeong_Cave_massacre

1951 – Colombia – Fuerza Aérea Colombiana plane crashed at Puerto Leguizamo, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511009-0

1958 – Rome – Pope Pius XII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_XII


1963 – Italy – Landslide behind Vajont Dam caused giant wave, 2000 killed. https://youtu.be/lpO4X6nl7hc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.environmentandsociety.org/arcadia/expecting-disaster-1963-landslide-vajont-dam https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vajont_Dam

1966 – South Vietnam – Binh Tai massacre and Dien Nien-Phuoc Binh massacre, 348 killed (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binh_Tai_Massacre

1981 – France – Abolition of capital punishment. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_punishment_in_France

1983 – Burma – Rangoon bombing, 21 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rangoon_bombing


1992 – USA – 13kg meteorite landed in Peekskill, New York. https://youtu.be/4_orvF9bLZg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peekskill_meteorite


1995 – USA – Amtrak train derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona. https://youtu.be/uVdhvwyWUpw  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Palo_Verde,_Arizona_derailment

1995 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre off coast of Jalisco, followed by tsunami, 49 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/10/world/big-quake-kills-34-on-mexican-coast-resort-is-hard-hit.html

2004 – Nicaragua – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre near Managua.