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8 October

314 – Roman Empire – Battle of Cibalae. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cibalae

876 – Germany – Battle of Andernach. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Andernach_(876)

1075 – Croatia – Coronation of King Dmitar Zvonimir. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demetrius_Zvonimir_of_Croatia

1200 – England – Coronation of Isabella of Angoulême as Queen consort. http://womenshistory.about.com/od/rulers/p/Isabella-of-Angouleme.htm

1573 – Netherlands – Siege of Alkmaar ended (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Alkmaar

1645 – Canada – Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%C3%B4tel-Dieu_de_Montr%C3%A9al

1813 – Bavaria/Austria – Treaty of Ried signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Ried

1821 – Peru – Peruvian Navy founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peruvian_Navy

1829 – UK – Stephenson’s Rocket won the Rainhill Trials. http://www.rainhilltrials.com/index.cfm/page/The%20Rain%20Hill%20Trials%20NEW/listid/26

1860 – USA – Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opened. https://archive.org/details/jstor-41168703

1862 – USA – Battle of Perryville (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/perryville.html

1865 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in San Jose, California. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/view?docId=hb1h4n989f;NAAN=13030&doc.view=frames&chunk.id=div00141&toc.id=div00135&brand=oac4

1871 – USA – Fires broke out on shores of Lake Michigan at Chicago, Peshtigo, Holland and Manistee. http://www.history.com/topics/great-chicago-fire http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/massive-fire-burns-in-wisconsin

1879 – Bolivia – Battle of Angamos (War of the Pacific). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Angamos

1895 – Korea – Queen Min of Joseon assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Myeongseong#Assassination


1912 – Balkan Peninsula – First Balkan War began. https://youtu.be/OUlWNwRfJM8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Balkan_War

1932 – India – Indian Air Force established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Air_Force

1937 – Dominican Republic – Parsley Massacre ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsley_Massacre

1943 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Vegesack & Bremen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Germany – Battle of Crucifix Hill (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Crucifix_Hill

1944 – Myanmar – USAAF plane missing between Myitkyina & Sookerating, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441008-0

1946 – USA – United Air Lines plane crashed near Cheyenne Airport, WY, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461008-0


1951 – Korea – First Battle of Maryang San ended (Korean War). https://youtu.be/D_NiaNP2J4c WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Maryang_San

1951 – Mexico – ATSA plane crashed at Cerro Blanco, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511008-0


1952 – UK – Three trains crashed at Harrow and Wealdstone Station, 112 killed. https://youtu.be/YU60PgAjh0E WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-19818280

1952 – UK – RAF plane crashed off Tarbat Ness, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521008-0

1960 – Croatia – Independence from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1962 – Algeria – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1969 – USA – Days of Rage began. https://youtu.be/Y8AnF2RkMV8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressinghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Days_of_Rage

1990 – Jerusalem – Temple Mount Riots (Israeli-Palestinian Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990_Temple_Mount_riots


2001 – Italy – Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 686 & private plane crashed at Linate Airport, Milan, 114 killed. https://youtu.be/2MBPM2jVF-E WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20011008-0

2005 – Pakistan – Earthquake measuring 8.2Mw, epicentre in Kashmir, 80,000 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2005/usdyae/