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4 October

1227 – Morocco – Caliph Abdallah al-Adil assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdallah_al-Adil

1302 – Byzantine Empire – Byzantine-Venetian War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine%E2%80%93Venetian_War_(1296%E2%80%931302)

1363 – China – Battle of Lake Poyang ended (Red Turban Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Poyang

1535 – England – First complete English Language Bible printed, translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/william_tyndale http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/141157/Miles-Coverdale

1582 – Italy, Poland, Portugal & Spain – Adopted Gregorian Calendar. https://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/julian-gregorian-switch.html

1636 – Germany – Battle of Wittstock (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wittstock

1693 – Italy – Battle of Marsaglia (Nine Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Marsaglia

1777 – USA – Battle of Germantown (American Revolutionary War). http://www.britishbattles.com/germantown.htm

1779 – USA – Fort Wilson Riot, Philadelphia (American Revolutionary War). http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1921605?uid=3738032&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102718486157

1809 – UK – Spencer Perceval became Prime Minister (Tory). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/spencer-perceval

1830 – Belgium – Independence from Netherlands. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17209277

1849 – Hungary – Hungarian Revolution ended. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_Revolution_of_1848

1883 – Europe – Orient Express first journey. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a-brief-history-of-the-orient-express-149702768/?no-ist

1883 – Scotland – First meeting of Boys Brigade in Glasgow. http://boys-brigade.org.uk/our-history/

1895 – USA – First Open Men’s Golf Championship played at Newport Country Club, Rhode Island. http://usga.usopen.com/2010/history/pastchamps/1895.html

1912 – Nicaragua – Battle of Coyotepe Hill ended (Nicaraguan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Coyotepe_Hill

1914 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Burdur, 300 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1914_Burdur_earthquake


1917 – Belgium – Battle of Broodseinde, Flanders (WWI). https://youtu.be/ttlGjEW0ruI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Broodseinde

1918 – USA – Explosion at TA Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant, Sayreville, New Jersey, 100+ killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._A._Gillespie_Company_Shell_Loading_Plant_explosion


1927 – USA – Mount Rushmore sculpture begun by Gutzon Borglum. https://youtu.be/f4nAwpIDBHg  http://www.history.com/topics/mount-rushmore


1936 – UK – Battle of Cable Street. https://youtu.be/-AQDOjQGZuA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cable_Street

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Pysht, Clallan County, WA, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431004-1


1957 – USSR – Sputnik 1 launched. https://youtu.be/oWR70ngPYbc http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/solarsystem/space_missions/sputnik_1

1960 – USA – Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, crashed at Logan International Airport, Boston, 62 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19601004-0


1963 – Cuba & Haiti – Hurricane Flora killed 6,000. https://youtu.be/sIjqQXqbcgs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Flora


1965 – USA – Pope Paul VI visited New York. https://youtu.be/fGcLSSUns04 http://europe.newsweek.com/pope-first-visit-united-states-333706?rm=eu

1966 – Lesotho – (Formerly Basutoland) Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13729501

1967 – Brunei – Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III abdicated in favour of Hassanal Bolkiah. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Ali_Saifuddien_III https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassanal_Bolkiah


1976 – UK – Launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train. https://youtu.be/ySyFzWgLt_4 http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/4/newsid_2486000/2486817.stm

1992 – Mozambique – Mozambican Civil War ended with signing of Rome General Peace Accords. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozambican_Civil_War


1992 – Netherlands – El Al Flight 1862 crashed into two apartment buildings, Amsterdam, 43 killed. https://youtu.be/QkWUIaEoUls  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19921004-2


1993 – Russia – Constitutional Crisis ended. https://youtu.be/ZAcpPZisoFQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993_Russian_constitutional_crisis


1993 – Somalia – Battle of Mogadishu ended (Operation Gothic Serpent, Somali Civil War). https://youtu.be/QMt2_lYOpUE  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mogadishu_(1993)

1994 – Russia – Earthquake measuring 8.2Mw, epicentre near Kuril Islands, followed by Tsunami, 10 killed. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/event/show/20


1997 – USA – Loomis Fargo Robbery. https://youtu.be/hhpCU_HttYw https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_1997_Loomis_Fargo_robbery

2001 – Russia – Sibir Airlines Flight 1812 crashed off Adler, 78 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20011004-0

2003 – Israel – Suicide bombing at Maxim restaurant, Haifa, 21 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/3164096.stm

2004 – Greece – Paralympic XII Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Athens. https://www.paralympic.org/athens-2004


2010 – Hungary – Ajka Alumina Plant accident, 10 killed. https://youtu.be/Z_-N2hUG86Q http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11475361