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30 October

701 – Rome – John VI became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_VI

942 – Rome – Marinus II is became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Marinus_II

1137 – Italy – Battle of Rignano. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rignano

1270 – Tunisia – Eighth Crusade ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eighth_Crusade

1340 – Spain – Battle of Río Salado. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_R%C3%ADo_Salado

1485 – England – Coronation of Henry VII at Westminster Abbey. http://www.theanneboleynfiles.com/the-coronation-of-henry-vii/

1501 – Rome – Ballet of Chestnuts. http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/908/pope-hosts-scandalous-ballet-of-chestnuts

1657 – Jamaica – Battle of Ocho Rios (Anglo-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ocho_Rios

1806 – Prussia – Capitulation of Stettin ended (War of the Fourth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitulation_of_Stettin


1864 – Denmark – Second Schleswig War ended with signing of Treaty of Vienna (Wars of German Unification). https://youtu.be/b7rFKbfnCJU https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Schleswig_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Vienna_(1864)

1864 – USA – Helena, Montana founded. http://www.umhelena.edu/catalog/helenahistory.aspx

1918 – Greece – Armistice of Mudros signed (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_of_Mudros

1918 – South Caucasus – Caucasus Campaign ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caucasus_Campaign

1929 – Germany – Stuttgart Cable Car opened. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standseilbahn_Stuttgart

1930 – France – Imperial Airways plane crashed at Boulogne, Paris, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19301030-0


1938 – USA – Orsen Welles’s The War of the Worlds broadcasted. https://youtu.be/OzC3Fg_rRJM http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/infamous-war-worlds-radio-broadcast-was-magnificent-fluke-180955180/?no-ist

1940 – Germany – Luftwaffe plane crashed at Watzmannkar, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19401030-0

1941 – USSR – Siege of Sevastopol began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Sevastopol_(1941%E2%80%9342)

1941 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines plane crashed at Moorhead, MN, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411030-0

1941 – Canada – American Airlines plane crashed at St. Thomas, Ontario, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411030-1

1942 – Egypt – Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazzier & NAAFI Tommy Brown, retrieved Enigma Code Books from U-559 (WWII). http://www.ellsbury.com/ultrafassongrazier.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tommy_Brown_(NAAFI_assistant)

1942 – Norway – Luftwaffe plane crashed at Overlihogda, Ringebu, Oppland, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421030-1

1944 – UK – USAAF plane missing near Bouley Bay Harbour, Jersey, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441030-2

1945 – India – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1945 – Italy – USAAF plane crashed near Cuneo, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451030-0

1945 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Zhijiang, 45 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451030-1

1951 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Riverside, CA, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511030-1

1954 – USA – US Navy Flight 57 missing off Maryland, 42 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541030-0

1956 – Brazil – SGACC plane crashed near Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, RJ, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19561030-1

1960 – UK – First successful kidney transplant performed. http://www.edren.org/pages/history/history-of-kidney-transplantation.php

1961 – USSR – Tsar Bomba hydrogen bomb detonated over Novaya Zemlya. http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Russia/TsarBomba.html

1972 – USA – Two trains collided in Chicago, Illinois, 45 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/illinois/5957/chicago-il-train-collision-oct-1972

1973 – Turkey – Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul completed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosphorus_Bridge

1983 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Erzurum, 1,155 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_Erzurum_earthquake


1985 – USA – Space Shuttle Challenger launched. https://youtu.be/8bxBjqvnmjM  http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-61A.html

1993 – Northern Ireland – Greysteel Massacre, 8 killed (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greysteel_massacre

2011 – Mexico – Summer XVI Pan American Games ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Pan_American_Games

2013 – India – Mahabubnagar bus accident, 45 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Mahabubnagar_bus_accident

2015 – Romania – Fire at Colectiv Nightclub, 64 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-34684973 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colectiv_nightclub_fire