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3 October


42BC – Macedonia – First Battle of Philippi (Liberator’s Civil War). https://youtu.be/12eM9E0Q00U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Philippi#The_First_Battle

1283 – Wales – Dafydd ap Gruffyd, prince of Gwynedd hanged, drawn and quartered. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dafydd_ap_Gruffydd

1574 – Netherlands – Siege of Leiden ended (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leiden


1691 – Ireland – Williamite War in Ireland ended (War of the Grand Alliance). https://youtu.be/PEfmjCcSUcE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williamite_War_in_Ireland

1739 – Serbia – Treaty of Niš signed (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Ni%C5%A1_(1739)

1835 – Germany – Staedtler Company established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staedtler

1873 – USA – Kintpuash (Captain Jack), Boston Charley, Black Jim & John Schonchin executed for role in Modoc War. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kintpuash#Capture_and_execution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Charley


1910 – Portugal – October Revolution began. https://youtu.be/tTCHHDLnnPw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5_October_1910_revolution

1912 – Nicaragua – Battle of Coyotepe Hill began (Nicaraguan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Coyotepe_Hill

1915 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Pleasant Valley, Nevada. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1915_10_03.php

1917 – Belgium – Battle of Polygon Wood ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Polygon_Wood

1918 – Bulgaria – Boris III became Tsar. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_III_of_Bulgaria

1932 – Iraq – Independence from UK. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/iraq-wins-independence

1935 – Ethiopia – Second Italo-Ethiopian War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Italo-Ethiopian_War

1941 – Puerto Rico – Pan Am Flight 203 crashed at San Juan Harbour, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411003-0

1942 – Canada – American Export Airlines Flight 71 crashed at Botwood, NF, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421003-1

1943 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Kunming, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431003-0

1946 – Canada – American Overseas Airlines plane crashed near Stephenville-Harmon AAB, NF, 39 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461003-0

1947 – Australia – John Fairfax & Sons plane crashed near Muswellbrook, NSW, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471003-1

1949 – USA – WERD first African American owned radio station opened, Atlanta, Georgia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WERD_(historic_radio_station)


1951 – Korea – First Battle of Maryang San began (Korean War). https://youtu.be/D_NiaNP2J4c  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Maryang_San


1952 – UK – Tested first nuclear bomb at Monte Bello Islands, Australia (Operation Hurricane). https://youtu.be/TWDAbYfOYUc  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hurricane

1956 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Charleston AFB, SC, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19561003-0


1962 – USA – Sigma 7 launched. https://youtu.be/im-NM7iiMDw http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/mercury/ma-8/ma-8.htm

1963 – Honduras – President Ramón Villeda Morales replaced by Oswaldo López Arellano in coup d’éte. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1963_Honduran_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

1975 – UK – Spaghetti House Siege ended. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/3/newsid_4286000/4286414.stm


1985 – USA – Space Shuttle Atlantis maiden flight. https://youtu.be/JSjS3uaPqmg http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/shuttleoperations/orbiters/atlantis-info.html


1993 – Somalia – Battle of Mogadishu began (Operation Gothic Serpent, Somali Civil War). https://youtu.be/QMt2_lYOpUE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mogadishu_(1993)


2010 – India – XIX Commonwealth Games in Delhi began. https://youtu.be/JuUR8lR50Yk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Commonwealth_Games

2015 – Afghanistan – Kunduz Hospital Airstrike (War in Afghanistan). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunduz_hospital_airstrike

York

1802 – The Lord Mayor & Commonalty rode the city boundaries on the west bank of the river Ouse.

1904 – A labour bureau was opened at 16 Castlegate.