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28 October

306 – Roman Empire – Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus seizes power. http://www.roman-emperors.org/maxentiu.htm

312 – Roman Empire – Caesar Maxentius killed at Battle of Milvian Bridge (Civil Wars of the Tetrarchy). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Milvian_Bridge

1216 – England – Coronation of Henry III. http://www.londononline.co.uk/monarchy/Henry_III/

1449 – Denmark – Coronation of Christian I. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_I_of_Denmark

1492 – Cuba – Discovered by Christopher Columbus. http://www.cubahistory.org/en/pre-columbian/discovery.html

1516 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Yaunis Khan (Ottoman-Mamluk War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yaunis_Khan

1531 – Ethiopia – Battle of Amba Sel (Abbyssinian-Adal War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Amba_Sel

1538 – Dominican Republic – University Santo Tomás de Aquino founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universidad_Santo_Tom%C3%A1s_de_Aquino

1628 – France – Siege of La Rochelle ended (Huguenots Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_La_Rochelle

1664 – England – The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Royal_Marines

1707 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw, epicentre in Hōei, followed by tsunami, 5,000+ killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1707_H%C5%8Dei_earthquake

1746 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 8.6-8.8Mw, epicentre in Lima and Callao, up to 5,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1746_Lima%E2%80%93Callao_earthquake

1776 – USA – Battle of White Plains (American Revolutionary War). http://www.britishbattles.com/white-plains.htm

1834 – Australia – Battle of Pinjarra. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinjarra_massacre


1835 – New Zealand – United Tribes of New Zealand established, Declaration of Independence signed. https://youtu.be/RYGlNUAJdgU http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/culture/declaration-of-independence-taming-the-frontier

1848 – Spain – Railway between Barcelona and Mataró opened. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_rail_transport_in_Spain

1863 – USA – Battle of Wauhatchie began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chattanooga/chattanooga-history-articles/attacked-at-midnight.html

1864 – USA – Battle of Fair Oaks & Derbytown Road ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fair_Oaks_%26_Darbytown_Road


1886 – USA – Statue of Liberty dedicated, New York Harbour. https://youtu.be/94vz8k4ecHE http://libertyellisfoundation.org/statue-of-liberty-timeline#1800

1891 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre in Mino-Owari, 7,273 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1891_Mino%E2%80%93Owari_earthquake

1900 – France – II Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Paris. http://www.olympic.org/paris-1900-summer-olympics

1918 – Czechoslovakia – Independence from Austria-Hungary. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Czechoslovakia

1940 – Balkan Peninsula – Greco-Italian War began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Italian_War


1942 – Canada – Alaska Highway completed. https://youtu.be/Fp8EnbLh0N4 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Highway

1944 – Slovakia – Slovakian National Uprising ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovak_National_Uprising

1945 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Welford RAF Station, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451028-0

1949 – UK – Superior Oil Corp. plane crashed at London Heathrow Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491028-1

1949 – Portugal – Air France plane crashed at Redondo Mountain, São Miguel Island, Azores, 48 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491028-0

1954 – USSR – Aeroflot Flight 136 crashed at Mount Sivukha, Krasnoyarsk Territory, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541028-0

1958 – Rome – Cardinal Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli became Pope John XXIII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_XXIII


1965 – USA – The Gateway Arch, St. Louis completed. https://youtu.be/UX2KpYDhnP0 http://www.gatewayarch.com/about/history.aspx

1971 – UK – Satellite Prospero launched. https://youtu.be/aUJoESpNk_Y http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-14783135

1983 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Borah Peak, Idaho, 2 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1983_10_28.php

1995 – Azerbaijan – Fire at Baku Metro, 300 killed. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/old-wiring-caused-worst-metro-disaster-1580102.html

2008 – Pakistan – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, 215 killed.

2009 – Pakistan – Bomb explosion in Peshawar, 117 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8329244.stm

2009 – USA – Ares I-X launched. https://youtu.be/d7JVGpv0510 http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/constellation/ares/flighttests/aresIx/launch_blog.html

2012 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre in Queen Charlotte Islands. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2012/usb000df7n/

York

1963 – Clifton Bridge officially opened.