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27 October

625 – Rome – Honorius I became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honorius_I

940 – England – Athelstan the Glorious died, aged about 44, Edmund the Magnificent became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edmund http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edmund


1553 – Switzerland – Michael Servetus burned at stake in Geneva. https://youtu.be/rmFxUMrrEEM https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Servetus

1644 – England – Second Battle of Newbury (English Civil War). http://www.britishbattles.com/second-battle-of-newbury/

1682 – America – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Philadelphia

1775 – GB – George III declared the American colonies in rebellion before Parliament. http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/amrev/shots/address.html https://www.bl.uk/the-american-revolution/articles/american-revolution-timeline

1795 – Spain – Pinckney’s Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinckney%27s_Treaty


1838 – USA – Missouri Executive Order 44 issued. https://youtu.be/VNm0EL2ykc4 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missouri_Executive_Order_44

1870 – France – Siege of Metz ended (Franco-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Metz_(1870)

1904 – USA – First underground line of New York City Subway opened. http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/The_First_Subway

1907 – Kingdom of Hungary – Černová Massacre, 15 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Cernov%C3%A1_massacre


1914 – Ireland – HMS Audacious sank off Tory Island (WWI). https://youtu.be/BykpOH1esgQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?603

1916 – Ethiopia – Battle of Segale. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Segale

1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Santa Cruz Islands ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Santa_Cruz_Islands http://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/s/solomon-islands-campaign-iv-battle-of-cape-esperance.html

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Fort Benning-Lawson Field, GA, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431027-1

1944 – USA – US Navy plane near Julington Creek, FL, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441027-2

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Pennville, IN, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451027-1

1947 – China – CNAC plane shot down near Yulin, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471027-0

1948 – Canada – Northwest Airline Flight 6427 crashed near Edmonton, AB, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481027-0

1951 – Guatemala – Fuerza Aérea Guatemalteca plane crashed near Flores-Santa Elena Airport, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511027-0

1952 – Australia – RAAF plane crashed off Cronulla, NSW, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521027-1

1953 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Magadan, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531027-0

1953 – Australia – British carried out Totem 2 nuclear test at Emu Field. http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Uk/UKTesting.html

1954 – USA – Benjamin O Davis Jr became first African American general in US Air Force. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_O._Davis_Jr.

1958 – Pakistan – President Iskander Mirza deposed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iskander_Mirza


1961 – USA – Saturn I launched. https://youtu.be/-0-8Pd7fK9w https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn_I

1961 – Mauritania & Mongolia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/index.shtml

1962 – Italy – SNAM plane crashed at Bascapè, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19621027-0

1968 – Mexico – XIX Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Mexico City. http://www.olympic.org/mexico-1968-summer-olympics

1971 – Democratic Republic of Congo – Renamed Zaire. http://geography.about.com/od/democraticrepcongomaps/a/zairecongo.htm

1973 – USA – Meteorite hit Canon City, Fremont County, Colorado. http://wmmi.org/Colorado-Meteorites

1999 – Armenia – Armenian Parliament Shooting, Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_parliament_shooting

2005 – France – French Riots began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_French_riots

2005 – Russia – SSETI Express micro-satellite launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SSETI_Express_Satellite

York

1906 – Mrs Elizabeth Johnson celebrated her 102 birthday, also became oldest landlady in England, as licensee of the Bumper Castle, Wiggington Road.