***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

25 October

285 or 286 – Roman Empire – Crispin & Crispinian executed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crispin_and_Crispinian

625 – Rome – Pope Boniface V died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_V

1147 – Turkey – Battle of Dorylaeum (Second Crusade). http://skepticism.org/timeline/october-history/9066-most-german-crusade-destroyed-second-battle-dorylaeum-seljuk-turks.html


1147 – Portugal – Siege of Lisbon ended (Reconquista). https://youtu.be/nT8-qcbAZp4  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Lisbon

1154 – England – Stephen died, aged about 58.  Henry II became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=stephen

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry2

1241 – Rome – Goffredo da Castiglione became Pope Celestine IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_IV


1415 – France – Battle of Agincourt (Hundred Years War). https://youtu.be/woq2oj7mwkc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.britishbattles.com/100-years-war/agincourt.htm

1747 – Spain – Second Battle of Cape Finisterre (War of Austrian Succession). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Cape_Finisterre_(1747)

1759 – Eastern Mediterranean – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw.

1760 – GB – George II died, aged 76. George III became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george2 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george3


1812 – Atlantic Ocean – USS United States vs HMS Macedonian (War of 1812). https://youtu.be/XIf6WC1_bIo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_United_States_vs_HMS_Macedonian

1822 – Greece – First Siege of Missolonghi (Greek War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Siege_of_Missolonghi

1828 – UK – St. Katharine Docks, London officially opened. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/old-new-london/vol2/pp117-121

1854 – Crimea – Battle of Balaklava (Crimean War). https://youtu.be/gRM9igyQ9HU  http://www.britishbattles.com/crimean-war/balaclava.htm

1861 – Canada – Toronto Stock Exchange created. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toronto_Stock_Exchange


1917 – Russia – October Revolution began (Russian Revolution). https://youtu.be/TzxRMYHQLx8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_Revolution

1927 – Brazil – SS Principessa Mafalda sank, 314 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Principessa_Mafalda

1938 – Australia – Australia National Airways plane crashed at Mount Dandenong, Victoria, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19381025-0

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg & Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Santa Cruz Islands began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Santa_Cruz_Islands http://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/s/solomon-islands-campaign-iv-battle-of-cape-esperance.html

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Jacobs Well, Guildford, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441025-6

1944 – Romania – Carei liberated by Romanian Army (WWII). http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/dr-ion-jinga/romania-army-day_b_6051022.html

1945 – Greece – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/index.shtml

1945 – Taiwan – Republic of China took over administration. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan#After_World_War_II

1948 – Russia – Aeroflot/Georgia plane crashed near Samurskaya, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481025-1

1949 – Argentina – FAA plane crashed at Bolson de Burruyacú, TU, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491025-0

1954 – Denmark – RAF plane crashed at Tranigigvaag Fjord, Faeroes Islands, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541025-1

1962 – Uganda – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/index.shtml

1981 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Playa Azul, 3 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1981_Playa_Azul_earthquake

1983 – Grenada – Operation Urgent Fury began (Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Grenada

1987 – Sri Lanka – Operation Pawan ended (Sri Lankan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Pawan

1995 – USA – Crash involving train and school bus, Fox River Grove, Illinois, 7 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Fox_River_Grove_bus%E2%80%93train_collision

2003 – China – Earthquake measuring 5.8Mw, epicentre in Gansu-Qinghai region, 9 killed.


2003 – USA – Cedar Fire in California began, 15 killed. https://youtu.be/MZKZqi5iYS8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedar_Fire

2009 – Iraq – Baghdad bombing, 155 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8324546.stm

2010 – Sumatra – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, 435 killed.


2010 – Indonesia – Mount Merapi began erupting. https://youtu.be/10zR5KaMVm8 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11699945

York

1809 – Celebrations were held for George III’s Golden Jubilee.

1850 – Banquet held at Guildhall & concert at Assembly Rooms for the Prince Consort & Lord Mayor of London.