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22 October

4004BC – World – Created according to James Ussher. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ussher_chronology

362 – Turkey – Temple of Apollo at Daphne destroyed by fire. https://www.jstor.org/stable/501461?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

451 – Asia Minor – Chalcedonian Creed adopted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chalcedonian_Definition

1303 – Rome – Niccolò Boccasini became Pope Benedict XI. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_XI

1383 – Portugal – King Fernando I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_I_of_Portugal

1633 – China – Battle of Liaoluo Bay (Second Sino-Dutch Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Liaoluo_Bay

1707 – GB – Scilly Naval Disaster. http://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/behind-the-scenes/blog/1707-isles-scilly-disaster-%E2%80%93-part-1  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scilly_naval_disaster_of_1707

1730 – Russia – Ladoga Canal completed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladoga_Canal

1740 – Indonesia – Batavia Massacre ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1740_Batavia_massacre

1777 – USA – Battle of Red Bank (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Red_Bank

1797 – France – Andrés-Jacques Garnerin made first recorded parachute jump above Paris. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-first-parachutist https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9-Jacques_Garnerin


1844 – USA – The Great Disappointment. https://youtu.be/MIRqc9RD24o https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Disappointment

1859 – Morocco – Hispano-Moroccan War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispano-Moroccan_War_(1859%E2%80%9360)

1875 – Argentina – First telegraphic connection.


1877 – UK – Blantyre mining disaster, Scotland, 207 killed. https://youtu.be/sY_u6O_afGc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://scottishmining.co.uk/55.html

1883 – USA – Metropolitan Opera House, New York City opened. http://www.metoperafamily.org/metopera/history/chapters.aspx

1884 – UK – Royal Observatory, Greenwich, adopted as Prime Meridian of longitude at the International Meridian Conference. http://www.thegreenwichmeridian.org/tgm/articles.php?article=10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Meridian_Conference


1895 – France – Montparnasse derailment. https://youtu.be/CRSw33XRJ-A https://youtu.be/9buy2a1air4 http://theoldmotor.com/?p=71014


1910 – UK – Dr. Crippen convicted of poisoning his wife. https://youtu.be/5B2tGH8PijM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.murdermap.co.uk/pages/cases/case.asp?CID=82262857


1922 – Italy – March on Rome began. https://youtu.be/WXKwLhDSmGQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_on_Rome

1923 – Greece – Leonardopoulis-Gardalidis Coup d’État Attempt. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardopoulos%E2%80%93Gargalidis_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_attempt

1926 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre in Monterey Bay. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1926_10_22.php

1934 – USA – Pretty Boy Floyd shot by FBI. https://archives.fbi.gov/archives/news/stories/2009/october/floyd_101609


1935 – China – Long March ended. https://youtu.be/1gzaoqHZ9Es  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_March

1941 – France – Guy Môquet and 47 other hostages executed (WWII). http://www.executedtoday.com/2011/10/22/1941-forty-eight-french-hostages/

1942 – Serbia – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed near Bukovac, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421022-1

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Kassel (WWII).

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Colombus, GA, 20 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431022-0

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at San Diego-North Island NAS, CA, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431022-1

1943 – Sweden – AB Aerotransport plane crashed at Hållö Island, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431022-2

1943 – Germany – Royal Air Force air raid on Kassel. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Kassel_in_World_War_II

1946 – Germany – Operation Osoviakhim. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Osoaviakhim

1946 – Germany – USAAF plane crashed near Aachen, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461022-2

1947 – Kashmir – Kashmir Conflict began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmir_conflict

1950 – North Korea – Battle of Yongju ended (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yongju

1951 – USA – Operation Buster-Jangle began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Buster%E2%80%93Jangle

1951 – Macedonia – JAT plane crashed near Skopje, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511022-0

1951 – USA – USAF plane crashed at San Antonio-Kelly AFB, TX, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511022-0

1952 – India – Oriental Airways plane crashed at Jamshedpur, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521022-0

1963 – UK – BAC plane crashed near Chicklade, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19631022-0

1966 – USSR – Luna 12 Launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1966-094A

1972 – South Vietnam – Easter Offensive ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Offensive

2007 – Sri Lanka – Raid on Anuradhapura Air Force Base (Sri Lankan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_on_Anuradhapura_Air_Force_Base

2008 – India – Chandrayaan-1 launched. http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?MCode=Chandrayaan

2014 – Canada – Parliament Hill Shooting. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_shootings_at_Parliament_Hill,_Ottawa

2015 – Sweden – Trollhättan School Attack. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/22/pupils-wounded-in-sword-attack-at-swedish-school

York

1772 – French Ambassador, Count de Guiges in York.


1965 – Derwent College, University of York, officially opened by Elizabeth II. https://youtu.be/5CG3lD6rbAs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derwent_College,_York