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20 October

1032 – Rome – Theophylactus III became Pope Benedict IX. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_IX

1187 – Rome – Pope Urban III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_III

1448 – Kosovo – Second Battle of Kosovo ended (Ottoman-Hungarian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kosovo_(1448)

1572 – Netherlands – Relief of Goes (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relief_of_Goes

1687 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 8.2Mw, epicentre in Lima, 5,000 killed. http://www.usc.edu/dept/tsunamis/peru/ptsu_hist.html

1720 – Jamaica – Capture of the William. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_the_William

1740 – Hungary, Croatia & Bohemia – Maria Theresa became queen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Theresa

1779 – USA – Siege of Savannah ended (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Savannah

1818 – UK – 1818 Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_1818

1827 – Greece – Battle of Navarino (Greek War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Navarino

1883 – Peru – Treaty of Ancón signed ending War of the Pacific. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Anc%C3%B3n  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Pacific

1904 – Chile – Treaty of Peace & Friendship signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Peace_and_Friendship_(1904)


1910 – Northern Ireland – RMS Olympic launched at Harland and Wolff shiphared, Belfast. https://youtu.be/qLY-ZESyXkA http://www.rmsolympic.org/

1938 – USA – HW Musleh plane crashed at Powellsville, NC, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19381020-0

1941 – Bulgaria – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed at Gabrene, Petrich, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411020-0

1941 – Serbia – Kragujevac massacre began (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kragujevac_massacre

1942 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Corpus Christi NAS, Texas, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421020-0

1944 – Yugoslavia – Belgrade Offensive ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgrade_Offensive

1944 – USA – Liquid gas leak and explosion in Cleveland Ohio, 130 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/ohio/1972/cleveland-oh-gas-company-plant-explosion-oct-1944

1944 – Sweden – USAAF plane crashed near Torslanda, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441020-3

1944 – China – USAAF plane missing near Luichow, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441020-5

1946 – India – RAF plane crashed at Calcutta-Dum Dum Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461020-0

1947 – USA – Established diplomatic relations with Pakistan.

1948 – UK – KLM plane crashed near Glasgow-Prestwick Airport, 40 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481020-0

1951 – USA – Johnny Bright Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Bright_incident

1952 – Vietnam – L’Armée de L’Air plane crashed near Siagon, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521020-1

1954 – Thailand – Civil Air Transport plane crashed off Hua Hin, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541020-0

1962 – China/India – Sino-Indian War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Indian_War_of_1962


1973 – Australia – Sydney Opera House opened. https://youtu.be/d24LRwTx4Pw http://www.sydneyoperahouse.com/the_building_history_heritage.aspx

1976 – USA – George Prince Ferry disaster, 137 killed. http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?213739 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MV_George_Prince_ferry_disaster

1977 – USA – L & J Company plane crashed near Gillsburg, 6 killed including Lynyrd Skuynyrd members. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19771020-1


1981 – USA – Brink’s Robbery. https://youtu.be/POQh2E3rj14 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://truecrimecases.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/ambush-brink-robbery-of-1981.html

1982 – USSR – Luzhniki disaster. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luzhniki_disaster


1991 – USA – Oakland Firestorm, 25 killed. https://youtu.be/A9bDM0qNzD4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.ebparks.org/about/history/firestorm-20-years-later/The_Oakland_Hills_Firestorm___Forward

1991 – India – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Uttarkashi region. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_Uttarkashi_earthquake

2011 – Libya – Battle of Sirte ended (Libyan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sirte_(2011)