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19 October


202BC – Roman Republic – Battle of Zama (Second Punic War). https://youtu.be/unKuRvO12Sg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zama

615 – Rome – Adeodatus I became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Adeodatus_I

1466 – Poland – Thirteen Years War ended with signing of the Second Peace of Thorn. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Peace_of_Thorn_(1466) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteen_Years%27_War_(1454%E2%80%9366)

1649 – Ireland – Capture of New Ross ended (Waterford Campaign, English Civil War). http://bcw-project.org/military/third-civil-war/cromwell-in-ireland/waterford

1781 – USA – Siege of Yorktown ended (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Yorktown

1805 – Bavaria – Battle of Ulm ended (Ulm Campaign, War of the Third Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ulm

1813 – Saxony – Battle of Leipzig ended (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Leipzig http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-leipzig

1864 – USA – Battle of Cedar Creek (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/cedar-creek.html

1864 – USA – St. Albans Raid (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Albans_Raid

1868 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Cape Farewell. http://info.geonet.org.nz/display/quake/M+7.2+-+7.6,+Cape+Farewell,+19+October+1868

1914 – Belgium – First Battle of Ypres began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Ypres

1915 – France – Action of the Hohenzollern Redoubt ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_the_Hohenzollern_Redoubt

1917 – UK – Zeppelin Raid on Southern & Central England (WWI). http://lewishamwarmemorials.wikidot.com/incident:air-raid-ww1-19-20-october-1917  https://www.theguardian.com/news/2011/oct/16/weatherwatch-zeppelin-air-raid-first-world-war

1917 – USA – Love Field Airport, Dallas opened. http://www.lovefieldmodernizationprogram.com/history

1933 – Germany – Left the League of Nations.

1934 – Australia – Holyman’s Airways plane crashed off Wilsons Promontory, Bass Strait, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19341019-0

1943 – Crete – Cargo vessel Sinfra attacked by Allied forces and sank at Suda Bay, 2000+ killed (WWII). http://invisiblegraves.weebly.com/sinfra.html

1944 – India – USAAF plane missing near Ledo, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441019-4

1945 – UK – RCAF plane crashed at Purley, Surrey, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451019-1

1945 – Bangladesh – RAF plane crashed at Chittagong-Patenga Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451019-2

1950 – Tibet – Battle of Chamdo ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chamdo

1950 – Peoples Republic of China – Joined Korean War.

1953 – USA – Eastern Air Lines plane crashed at New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531019-0

1953 – Mexico – Pemex plane crashed near Mamulique, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531019-1

1954 – Nepal/Tibet – First ascent of Cho Oyu by Herber Tichy, Sepp Jochler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama. http://www.himalayamasala.com/himalayan-climbs/cho-oyu-west-flank-1954

1956 – USSR/Japan – Signed Joint Declaration. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet%E2%80%93Japanese_Joint_Declaration_of_1956

1963 – UK – Sir Alec Douglas-Home became Prime Minister (Conservative). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/alec-douglas-home

1986 – South Africa – República de Moçambique plane crashed near Komatipoort, 34 killed including President Samora Machel. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19861019-0  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samora_Machel

1987 – Persian Gulf – Operation Nimble Archer (Iran-Iraq War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Nimble_Archer

2001 – Banda Sea – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw.

2005 – Iraq – Trial of Saddam Hussein began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_of_Saddam_Hussein

2007 – Philippines – Explosion at Glorietta 2 shopping mall, Makati, 11 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Glorietta_explosion

2012 – Lebanon – Beirut bombing, 8 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_2012_Beirut_bombing

2013 – Argentina – Train crash at Once Railway Station, Buenos Aires. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-24595870

York

1691 – Advert in London Gazette for the Northern Bagnio in Coney Street.