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17 October

456 – Roman Empire – Emperor Avitus became bishop of Placentia, murdered soon after. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avitus

532 – Rome – Pope Boniface II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_II

1091 – England – Tornado hit London. http://www.theguardian.com/news/2011/oct/19/weatherwatch-tornado-london-britain

1346 – England – Battle of Neville’s Cross (Second War of Scottish Independence). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=28

1404 – Rome – Cardinal Cosimo de’ Migliorati became Pope Innocent VII (Western Schism). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_VII

1448 – Kosovo – Second Battle of Kosovo started (Ottoman-Hungarian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kosovo_(1448)

1456 – Germany – University of Greifswald established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Greifswald

1534 – France – Affair of the Placards. https://thefreelancehistorywriter.com/tag/affair-of-the-placards/

1610 – France – Coronation of Louis XIII in Rheims. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIII_of_France

1649 – Ireland – Waterford Campaign began (English Civil War). http://bcw-project.org/military/third-civil-war/cromwell-in-ireland/waterford

1649 – Ireland – Capture of New Ross began (Waterford Campaign, English Civil War). http://bcw-project.org/military/third-civil-war/cromwell-in-ireland/waterford

1660 – England – 9 regicides of Charles I were hanged, drawn and quartered. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_regicides_of_Charles_I

1662 – England – Charles II sold Dunkirk to France. http://www.theroyalforums.com/40628-day-in-history-charles-ii-sells-dunkirk-to-france/


1771 – Italy – Mozart’s opera Ascanio in Alba premiered in Milan. https://youtu.be/EWyvDAzvRiI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascanio_in_Alba

1777 – USA – Saratoga Campaign ended (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saratoga_campaign


1814 – UK – Beer Flood in London, 9 killed. https://youtu.be/-6SEBCSqn4s http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/880/london-beer-flood https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Beer_Flood


1827 – Italy – Bellini’s opera Il Pirata premiered at La Scala. https://youtu.be/uH7p9isHPBY https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Il_pirata

1854 – Russian Empire – Siege of Sevastopol began (Crimean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Sevastopol_(1854%E2%80%9355)

1860 – UK – The Open Championship first played. http://www.theopen.com/Heritage/TheOpen

1861 – Australia – Cullin-La-Ringo massacre, 19 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cullin-La-Ringo_massacre

1899 – Columbia/Panama – 1000 Days War began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thousand_Days%27_War

1905 – Russian Empire – October Manifest issued. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_Manifesto


1907 – Canada & Ireland – First commercial transatlantic wireless service by Guglielmo Marconi company, between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia and Clifden. https://youtu.be/g57z0qFdPdQ http://cbwireless.ednet.ns.ca/cbwirelessp3.html

1919 – USA – Radio Corporation of America (RCA) founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RCA

1937 – USA – United Air Lines plane crashed near Knight, WY, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19371017-0

1941 – Greece – Male population of Kerdyllia, Serres executed by German troops (WWII).


1943 – Burma – Burma-Thailand Railway completed (WWII). https://youtu.be/qhULM6bL3WA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/timeline/factfiles/nonflash/a1057619.shtml

1943 – Poland – Sobibór Extermination Camp closed (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobib%C3%B3r_extermination_camp

1944 – Philippines – Battle of Leyte began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Leyte

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Welford Park USAAF Station AAF-474, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441017-0

1944 – Hungary – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed at Komárom County, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441017-1

1945 – Greece – Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens became Prime Minister. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archbishop_Damaskinos_of_Athens

1946 – USA – National Air Transport Services plane crashed at Laramie, WY, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461017-0

1946 – Pakistan – RAF plane crashed near Chitral, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461017-1

1947 – China – Civic Air Transport plane crashed near Hopei, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471017-1

1948 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Clinton, LA, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481017-0

1950 – UK – BEA plane crashed at Mill Hill, 28 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501017-0

1951 – Canada – Queen Charlotte Airlines Flight 102-17 crashed at Mt. Benson, BC, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511017-0

1953 – Vietnam – SILA plane crashed near Lai Chau, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531017-0


1956 – UK – Sellafield nuclear power plant, Cumbria, officially opened by Elizabeth II. https://youtu.be/Lqvz_aTyv0Y http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/17/newsid_3147000/3147145.stm


1961 – France – Paris Massacre (Algerian War). https://youtu.be/j7gUj_nBaj4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_massacre_of_1961


1964 – Australia – Artificial Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra opened. https://youtu.be/Iswe4k4P5LI http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Burley_Griffin

1966 – Botswana & Lesotho – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1966 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw.


1966 – USA – 23rd Street Fire, New York, 12 firemen killed. https://youtu.be/ahgcg_Qd8uE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nyfd.com/history/23rd_street/23rd_street.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/23rd_Street_Fire

1979 – Norway – Mother Teresa awarded Nobel Peace Prize. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/

1989 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Loma Prieta, California, 63 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1989_10_18.php

2000 – UK – Train crash at Hatfield, 4 killed. http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/eventsummary.php?eventID=143

York

1767 – Thomas and Richard Boys were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf