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15 October

1066 – England – Edgar the Atheling, proclaimed king, but not crowned. http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensofEngland/TheAnglo-Saxonkings/EdgarAtheling.aspx

1211 – Byzantine Empire – Battle of Rhyndacus (Byzantine-Latin Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Rhyndacus_(1211)

1389 – Rome – Pope Urban VI died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_VI


1529 – Austria – Siege of Vienna ended (Ottoman Wars of Europe). https://youtu.be/pPXDgUrg5E8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Vienna

1793 – France – Trial of Queen Marie-Antoinette at Palais de Justice, Paris. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Antoinette

1793 – France – Battle of Wattignies began (French Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wattignies

1979 – El Salvador – Salvadorian Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvadoran_Civil_War

1805 – Bavaria – Battle of Ulm began (Ulm Campaign, War of the Third Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ulm


1863 – USA – HL Hunley Submarine sank on a rest, killing name sake inventor and 7 crew. https://youtu.be/2xiytlBI_n0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._L._Hunley_(submarine)

1864 – USA – Battle of Glasgow, Missouri (American Civil War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Glasgow

1910 – USA – Airship America attempted first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. http://www.airships.net/first-attempt-fly-atlantic-wellman-vaniman-airship-america


1917 – France – Mata Hari executed at Vincennes, Paris for spying (WWI). https://youtu.be/SWvk00RbMcM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/matahari.htm


1928 – USA – Airship Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey. http://youtu.be/oVP2pZX2yGo http://www.airships.net/lz127-graf-zeppelin

1932 – India – Tata Airlines makes first flight. http://www.airlinereporter.com/2011/08/a-detailed-look-at-air-indias-troubled-history-part-1-guest-blog/

1939 – USA – The New York Municipal Airport dedicated. http://aviation-safety.net/database/airport/airport.php?id=LGA

1940 – Spain – President Lluís Companys of Catalonia executed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Llu%C3%ADs_Companys

1943 – USA – American Airlines plane crashed near Centerville, TN, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431015-0

1944 – Germany – Operation Hurricane ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hurricane_(1944)

1944 – Hungary – The Arrow Cross Party took power (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arrow_Cross_Party

1944 – Atlantic Ocean – US Navy plane crashed, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441015-1

1945 – Malaysia – RAF plane crashed near Tuas, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451015-2

1945 – France – Pierre Laval executed for high treason. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Laval

1950 – Sea of Japan – USAF plane missing, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501015-0

1951 – South Africa – SAA plane crashed at Mount Ingeli, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511015-0

1951 – North Atlantic – USAF plane missing, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511015-1


1954 – USA – Hurricane Hazel hit eastern coast, 95 killed. https://youtu.be/WQ7W_UfVpeQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.erh.noaa.gov/mhx/EventReviews/19541015/19541015.php

1966 – USA – Black Panther Party created. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Panther_Party


1969 – USA – Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam held. https://youtu.be/WXxEbYPtTGc  http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/15/newsid_2533000/2533131.stm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moratorium_to_End_the_War_in_Vietnam


1970 – Australia – West Gate Bridge, Melbourne collapsed, 35 killed. https://youtu.be/UR8eYevYcg8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.westgatebridge.org/

1979 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Imperial Valley, California. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1979_10_15.php


1987 – UK/France – Great Storm. https://youtu.be/yIQX9UhOhwU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/learning/learn-about-the-weather/weather-phenomena/case-studies/great-storm

1988 – Korea – Paralympic VIII Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Seoul. http://www.paralympic.org/seoul-1988

1997 – USA – Cassini probe launched. http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/introduction/

2003 – China – Shenzhou 5 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=2003-045A

2003 – USA – Staten Island Ferry, Andrew J Barberi ran into pier, 11 killed. http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/10-killed-pilot-flees-suicide-article-1.516005

2005 – USA – Toledo Riot. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Toledo_riot

2006 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw, epicentre offshore Kīholo, Hawaii, followed by tsunami. http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Earthquake2006Hawaii.html

York

1536 – Group of insurgents led by Robert Aske assembled outside city walls (Pilgrimage of Grace).