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14 October


1066 – England – Harold Godwinson killed at Battle of Hastings, aged about 46 (Norman Conquest). https://youtu.be/SPZLjZaSbvQ  http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/viking/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=17

1322 – England – Battle of Old Byland (First War of Scottish Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Old_Byland

1586 – England – Trial of Mary Queen of Scots for conspiracy against Elizabeth I. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/maryqueenofscots.htm

1758 – Saxony – Battle of Hochkirk (Seven Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hochkirch

1768 – Britain – Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/augustus-henry-fitzroy-3rd-duke-of-grafton

1774 – America – Annapolis Tea Party. https://blogs.weta.org/boundarystones/2012/12/16/annapolis-tea-party-1774 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peggy_Stewart_(ship)

1805 – Germany – Battle of Elchingen (War of the Third Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Elchingen

1806 – Germany – Battle of Jena-Auerstädt (War of the Fourth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jena%E2%80%93Auerstedt

1809 – Europe – War of the Fifth Coalition ended (Napoleonic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Fifth_Coalition

1812 – UK – Work of Regent’s Canal, London started. http://www.canalmuseum.org.uk/history/regents.htm

1863 – USA – Battle of Bristoe Station (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bristoe-station.html

1898 – UK – SS Mohegan sank near Cornwall, 106 killed. http://www.atlantictransportline.us/content/24Mohegan.htm

1899 – South Africa – Siege of Kimberley began (Second Boer War). http://www.britishbattles.com/great-boer-war/kimberley.htm

1910 – USA – Claude Grahame-White landed biplane near the White House, Washington DC. http://earlyaviators.com/egrahcl1.htm

1913 – UK – Senghenydd Colliery disaster, 439 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/wales/posts/the_senghenydd_pit_disaster

1939 – UK – HMS Royal Oak sunk by German submarine at Scapa Flow, Scotland (WWII). http://www.hmsroyaloak.co.uk/

1940 – UK – Balham Subway Station disaster, London (WWII). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/65/a2395965.shtml

1943 – Germany – Second Raid on Schweinfurt (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Raid_on_Schweinfurt

1943 – Poland – Prisoners revolt at Sobibor extermination camp, 11 killed (WWII). http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005192

1944 – Germany – Operation Hurricane began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hurricane_(1944)


1944 – Greece – Athens liberated by British Army (WWII). https://youtu.be/mHVLV7c0zt0

1944 – Norway – Lufwaffe plane shot down at Uccagag’ga, Finnmark, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441014-1


1944 – Germany – Field Marshal Erwin Rommel forced to commit suicide. https://youtu.be/IYLB0ARRPsQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_Rommel

1952 – Korea – Operation Showdown began (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Triangle_Hill

1952 – Brazil – Aerovias Brasil plane crashed at San Francisco de Paula, RS, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521014-0

1953 – Germany – Sabena plane crashed near Frankfurt International Airport, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531014-0

1953 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Irkutsk Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531014-1

1966 – Canada – Montreal Metro began operation. http://www.metrodemontreal.com/faq/history.html

1968 – Australia – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Meckering. http://www.abc.net.au/local/videos/2008/10/15/2392234.htm


1968 – Mexico – Jim Hines broke 10 second 100 metre sprint at Olympic Games in Mexico city. http://youtu.be/_MCJAc96lXs

1969 – UK – Fifty-pence coin introduced. http://www.royalmint.com/discover/uk-coins/seven-sides-of-a-50p-coin

1979 – USA – First Gay Rights March of Washington DC. http://archive.org/details/pra-KZ0941

2010 – India – XIX Commonwealth Games in Delhi ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Commonwealth_Games

2011 – Mexico – Summer XVI Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Pan_American_Games

2015 – Pakistan – Taunsa Sharif Bombing (War in Northwest Pakistan). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taunsa_Sharif_bombing

York

1827 – William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt born. http://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Harcourt

1932 – Work re-started at Ben Johnson & Co premises in Micklegate after fire in August