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13 October

54 – Roman Empire – Emperor Claudius died.  Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/claudius.html

1307 – France – Knights Templars arrested. http://www.history.com/news/who-were-the-knights-templar

1534 – Rome – Cardinal Allessandro Farnese became Pope Paul III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paul_III

1552 – Khanate of Kazan – Siege of Kazan ended (Russian-Kazan Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Kazan

1644 – Germany – Battle of Fehmarn (Torstenson War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fehmarn_(1644)

1710 – Nova Scotia – Siege of Port Royal ended (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Port_Royal_(1710)

1773 – France – Charles Messier discovered the Whirlpool Galaxy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whirlpool_Galaxy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Messier

1792 – USA – Cornerstone of the Executive Mansion (later known as White House) laid. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/inside-white-house

1793 – France – First Battle of Wissembourg (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Wissembourg_(1793)

1812 – Canada – Battle of Queenston Heights ( War of 1812). http://www.warof1812.ca/queenstn.htm

1884 – England – Greenwich established as Universal Time meridian of longitude. http://www.rmg.co.uk/explore/astronomy-and-time/astronomy-facts/history/the-prime-meridian-at-greenwich

1885 – USA – Georgia School of Technology founded. http://www.gatech.edu/about/history-and-traditions

1915 – France – Action of the Hohenzollern Redoubt began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_the_Hohenzollern_Redoubt


1917 – Portugal – Miracle of the Sun. https://youtu.be/rBIs8cuIwTo  https://www.livescience.com/29290-fatima-miracle.html  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miracle_of_the_Sun

1921 – Turkey – Treaty of Kars signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kars

1923 – Turkey – Ankara became the capital city.

1943 – Myanmar – CNAC plane crashed near Myitkyina, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431013-0

1945 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Huntingdon Warren, Dartmoor, Devon, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451013-0

1945 – Czech Republic – Soviet Air Force plane crashed at Dívcí Kaneny, Krkonoše Mountains, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451013-1

1945 – Pacific Ocean – USAAF plane missing between Okinawa & Laoag, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451013-2

1950 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines plane crashed at Almelund, MN, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501013-0

1950 – Morocco – Air Atlas plane crashed at Casablanca, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501013-1

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed near St Clair, AL, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501013-2

1953 – Morocco – Air Maroc plane crashed near Tangier Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531013-0

1956 – Hungary – Malev Hungarian Airlines plane crashed at Szombathely, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19561013-0

1963 – Kuril Islands – Earthquake measuring 8.5Mw.

1970 – Fiji – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/index.shtml

1972 – Vietnam – USS Kitty Hawk Riot ended (Vietnam War). https://www.navytimes.com/military-honor/black-military-history/2017/02/28/race-riot-at-sea-1972-kitty-hawk-incident-fueled-fleet-wide-unrest/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Kitty_Hawk_riot

1972 – USSR – An Aeroflot airplane crashed near Moscow, 176 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19721013-0


1972 – Argentina – FAU plane crashed near El Tiburcio, 29 killed. https://youtu.be/WEnj-9A2ZNg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19721013-0

1976 – Bolivia – Airplane crashed in Santa Cruz, 100 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19761013-0

1990 – Lebanon – Lebanese Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanese_Civil_War

1992 – Ukraine – Anotov Airlines airplane crashed near Kiev, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19921013-1

1993 – Somalia – Operation Gothic Serpent ended (Somali Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Gothic_Serpent


2010 – Chile – 33 miners rescued from Copiagó mine after being trapped for 69 days. https://youtu.be/banfsKLOpXA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Copiap%C3%B3_mining_accident

2013 – India – Stampede in Madhya Pradesh, 115 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-24512150

York

1835 – George Hudson became chairman of York & North Midland Railway Co. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Hudson