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1 October

331BCE – Iraq – Battle of Gaugamela (Wars of Alexander the Great). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gaugamela

366 – Rome – Damasus I became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Damasus_I

959 – England – Eadwig died, aged about 19, Edgar the Peaceable became king, uniting the country. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edwy http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edgar

965 – Rome – John XIII became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XIII

1404 – Rome – Pope Boniface IX died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_IX

1553 – England – Coronation of Queen Mary I. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=mary1

1588 – Persia – Abbas I became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbas_I_of_Persia

1730 – Ottoman Empire – Ahmed III forced to abdicate. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_III

1787 – Ukraine – Battle of Kinburn (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kinburn_(1787)

1800 – Spain – Third Treaty of San Ildefonso signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Treaty_of_San_Ildefonso

1829 – South Africa – The South African College founded. http://www.uct.ac.za/about/intro/history/

1843 – UK – News of the World tabloid first published. http://www.pressgazette.co.uk/node/47458

1861 – UK – Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management published. https://archive.org/details/mrsbeetonshouse00beetuoft  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mrs_Beeton%27s_Book_of_Household_Management

1890 – USA – Yosemite National Park established. https://www.nps.gov/yose/learn/historyculture/index.htm

1891 – USA – Stanford University, California opened. https://www.stanford.edu/about/history/


1910 – USA – Los Angeles Times bombing. https://youtu.be/4-n9LfPdrQw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Times_bombing

1916 – UK – Zeppelin Raid on London (WWI). http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/zeppelin.htm

1918 – Ottoman Empire – Capture of Damascus completed (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_Damascus_(1918)

1918 – Ottoman Empire – Arab Revolt ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_Revolt#1918:_Increased_Allied_assistance_and_the_end_of_fighting


1931 – USA – George Washington Bridge opened. https://youtu.be/HvrCorPRQ5E http://www.panynj.gov/bridges-tunnels/gwb-history.html

1937 – Japan – City of Handa founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handa,_Aichi

1937 – Greece – Imperial Airways plane crashed at Phaleron Bay, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19371001-0

1938 – Switzerland – Deutche Lufthansa plane crashed at Grison, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19381001-0

1940 – USA – Pennsylvania Turnpike opened. https://www.paturnpike.com/yourTurnpike/ptc_history.aspx

1942 – China – The Lisbon Maru torpedoed, 800+ killed (WWII). http://www.lisbonmaru.com/home.html

1942 – Puerto Rico – USAAF plane crashed near Coamo, 22 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421001-1

1943 – Indonesia – RAAF plane shot down at Pomelaa Harbour, Celebes, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431001-0

1943 – Morocco – US Navy plane crashed at Agadir, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431001-1

1944 – Canada – US Navy plane crashed near Sydney, NS, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441001-1

1944 – Papua New Guinea – USAAF plane crashed at Humboldt Bay, 24 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441001-4

1946 – Germany – Nuremberg Trials ended. https://youtu.be/BA7JRx14GNg http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/php/docs_swi.php?DI=1&text=overview

1948 – Indonesia – AURI plane crashed at Mount Punggur, Lampung, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481001-0

1951 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed near Serkova, Krasnoyarsk Territory, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511001-0

1957 – USA – “In God We Trust” first appeared on paper currency. http://www.treasury.gov/about/education/Pages/in-god-we-trust.aspx

1958 – USA – NASA replaced NACA. http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/whyweexplore/Why_We_29.html


1960 – Nigeria – Independence from UK. https://youtu.be/xwHMbdbWMtU https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigeria

1966 – USA – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashed near Wemme, OR, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19661001-1


1971 – USA – Walt Disney World opened near Orlando, Florida. https://youtu.be/Oc7eRziZ-jQ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Disney_World

1971 – UK – First brain-scan (CAT Scan) performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital, London. http://www.impactscan.org/CThistory.htm

1978 – Tuvalu – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-16340072

1979 – Hong Kong – Mass Transit Railway (MTR) opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MTR

1982 – Japan – First CD Player released. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sony_CDP-101


1982 – USA – EPCOT Centre opened at Walt Disney World. https://youtu.be/hdDuIJiJBjM https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epcot


1987 – USA – Earthquake measuring 5.9Mw, epicentre in Whittier Narrows, California, 8 killed. https://youtu.be/oK7VYWc2JO0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1987_10_01.php

1991 – Croatia – Siege of Dubrovnik began (Croatian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Dubrovnik

1995 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre in Dinar, Afyon, 90 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Dinar_earthquake

2000 – Australia – XXVII Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Sydney. http://www.olympic.org/sydney-2000-summer-olympics

2001 – India – Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly Bombing. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Jammu_and_Kashmir_legislative_assembly_car_bombing

2012 – Hong Kong – Lamma Island ferry collision. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kismayo_(2012)

2012 – Somalia – Second Battle of Kismayo began (War in Somalia). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Lamma_Island_ferry_collision

2014 – Bulgaria – Gorni Lom explosions. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-29455550

2015 – USA – Umpqua Community College Shooting. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umpqua_Community_College_shooting

2016 – Spain – Gas Explosion at cafe in Velez-Malaga. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/gas-cylinder-explodes-explosion-cafe-southern-spain-velez-malaga-77-injured-a7341171.html

York

1734 – First permanent theatre opened in Lord Irwin’s Yard.

1853 – Trial of Margaret Birkbeck, cook at the George Hotel, Coney Street.