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8 November

618 – Rome – Pope Adeodatus I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Adeodatus_I

960 – Turkey – Battle of Andrassos (Arab-Byzantine Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Andrassos


1602 – England – Bodleian Library, Oxford University opened to public. https://youtu.be/HNUuiVXYpQw https://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/bodley/about-us/history

1605 – England – Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright & Christopher Wright killed (Gunpowder Plot). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Catesby https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Percy_(Gunpowder_Plot) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_and_Christopher_Wright

1620 – Czechoslovakia – Battle of White Mountain (Thirty Years War). http://www.radio.cz/en/section/czechs/the-battle-of-white-mountain  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_White_Mountain

1837 – USA – Mount Holyoke Female Seminary founded by Mary Lyon. https://www.mtholyoke.edu/about/history/detailed http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Lyon


1861 – USA – The Trent Affair began (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/TX5nc08Asbc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trent_Affair

1889 – USA – Montana became 41st State. http://www.50states.com/montana.htm

1892 – USA – New Orleans General Strike began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1892_New_Orleans_general_strike

1895 – Germany – Wilhelm Röntgen discovered X-ray. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_R%C3%B6ntgen

1901 – Greece – Gospel Riots in Athens. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospel_riots


1923 – Germany – Beer Hall Putsch began. https://youtu.be/qHzHI341vxo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_Hall_Putsch

1937 – Germany – The Eternal Jew art exhibition opened in Munich. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Eternal_Jew_(art_exhibition)


1939 – Germany – Assassination attempt of Adolf Hitler (WWII). https://youtu.be/N4HwA8e71tI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Georg_Elser

1940 – Greece – Battle of Elaia-Kalamas ended (Greco-Italian War, WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Elaia%E2%80%93Kalamas

1940 – French Equatorial Africa – Battle of Gabon began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gabon

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Munich (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1940 – Germany – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed at Barauna/Schönteichen, 29 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19401108-0

1940 – Brazil – VASP plane crashed at Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19401108-1

1941 – Canada – US Navy plane crashed at Halifax Harbour, NS, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19411108-0

1942 – North Africa – Operation Torch began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Torch

1945 – USA – Two US Navy planes mid air collision off Corpus Christi NAS, TX, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451108-1

1948 – Australia – ANA plane crashed at Mount Macedon, VIC, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481108-0

1957 – Pacific Ocean – Pan Am Flight 7 crashed, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19571108-0

1957 – Christmas Island – UK tested Grapple X hydrogen bomb. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Grapple#Grapple_X

1961 – USA – Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8 crashed at Byrd Field, Richmond, Virginia, 76 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19611108-0

1964 – Japan – Paralympic II Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Tokyo. http://www.paralympic.org/tokyo-1964

1965 – UK – The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act given Royal Assent. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/16/newsid_3258000/3258437.stm

1965 – British Indian Ocean Territory – Created. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/io.html

1965 – USA – American Airlines Flight 383 crashed near Greater Cincinnati Airport, OH, 58 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19651108-3

1965 – South Vietnam – Operation Hump (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hump

1965 – South Vietnam – Battle of Gang Toi (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gang_Toi


1977 – Greece – Tomb discovered at Vergina by Manolis Andronikos, at time thought to be of Philip II of Macedon. https://youtu.be/Hwym05g0-k4 http://archive.archaeology.org/online/features/macedon/

1980 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Gorda Plate, California.

1983 – Angola – TAAG Angola Airlines plane shot down near Lubango Airport, 130 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19831108-0

1987 – Northern Ireland – Remembrance Day Bombing, 12 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/8/newsid_2515000/2515113.stm

1997 – Tibet – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Manyi. http://www-radar.jpl.nasa.gov/sect323/InSar4crust/manyi/


2013 – Philippines – Typhoon Haiyan made land fall. https://youtu.be/5OexbECvkvA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-29931035

York

780 – Archbishop Aethbert died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelbert_of_York

1746 – David Row, William Hunter, John Endsworth, John McClean, John McGreggor, Simon McKensie, Alexander Parker, Thomas McGennis, Archibald Kennedy, James Thompson and Michael Brady were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1777 – Mrs Addison of York Castle pawned 6 china cups & 2 small china basins for 5s.

1877 – Victoria Hall, Goodramgate opened (formerly the Lecture Hall which had been purchased by the York Temperance Society earlier in the year.