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30 November

1340BCE – Ireland – Solar Eclipse observed. http://www.astronomy.ca/3340eclipse/

1016 – England – Edmund II Ironside died, aged about 23, Canute became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edmund2 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=canute

1406 – Rome – Angelo Correr became Pope Gregory XII (Western Schism). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_XII

1612 – India – Battle of Swally ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Swally


1700 – Swedish Empire – Battle of Narva (Great Northern War). https://youtu.be/SjkNwtZwymY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Narva_(1700)

1707 – America – Second Siege of Pensacola ended (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Pensacola_(1707)

1718 – Sweden – Charles XII died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_XII_of_Sweden

1783 – USA – Earthquake measuring 5.3Mw, epicentre in New Jersey. https://new-york-ny.knoji.com/largest-earthquakes-in-new-york-city-history/

1786 – Tuscany – Death penalty abolished. http://www.theguardian.com/news/2007/nov/20/leadersandreply.mainsection

1824 – Canada – Construction of first Welland Canal began. http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/history.htm

1829 – Canada – First Welland Bridge opened. http://www.greatlakes-seaway.com/en/pdf/welland.pdf

1853 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Sinop (Crimean War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sinop

1864 – USA – Battle of Franklin (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/franklin.html

1872 – UK – First international football match took place between Scotland & England at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow. http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/sportscotland/asportingnation/article/0012/


1934 – UK – Steam locomotive Flying Scotsman became first to officially exceed 100mph. https://youtu.be/EkKE_rp6pYY  http://www.flyingscotsman.org.uk/about.aspx


1936 – UK – Crystal Palace, London destroyed by fire. https://youtu.be/oF3vVv9fC34  http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/content/articles/2004/07/27/history_feature.shtml


1939 – Finland – Winter War began (WWII). https://youtu.be/PMa3w8L92Xs  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War

1942 – Solomon Islands – Battle of Tassafaronga (Guadalcanal Campaign, WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tassafaronga

1943 – UK – USAAF two planes crashed near Membury USAAF Station 446, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431130-1

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – India – CNAC plane crashed at Digboi Mountain, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441130-1

1945 – Egypt – RAF plane crashed at Cairo-Almaza Air Base, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451130-1

1946 – Argentina – FAA plane crashed at El Palomar Air Base, BA, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461130-0

1947 – USA – Alaska Airlines Flight 009 crashed at Seattle/Tacoma International Airport, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471130-0

1947 – Mandatory Palestine – Civil War began (Palestine War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947%E2%80%9348_Civil_War_in_Mandatory_Palestine

1952 – Czech Republic – Czechoslovakia Air Force plane crashed near Vresovice, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521130-2

1954 – US – Northeast Airlines Flight 792 crashed near Berlin Airport, NH, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541130-0

1954 – USA – Hodges Meteorite hit Sylacauga, Alabama. http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/news/2013/02/130220-russia-meteorite-ann-hodges-science-space-hit/

1961 – Australia – Ansett-ANA plane crashed near Sydney-Kingford Smith International Airport, NSW, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19611130-1

1962 – USA – Eastern Air Lines Flight 512 crashed at Idlewild Airport, New York, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19621130-0

1966 – Barbados – Independence from UK.

1967 – South Yemen – Independence from UK.

1967 – Pakistan – Peoples Party founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_Peoples_Party

1987 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Gulf of Alaska. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1987_11_30.php


1994 – Somalia – Cruiseship MS Achille Lauro caught fire and sank off coast. http://youtu.be/xikoGbMWUws https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS_Achille_Lauro

2004 – Indonesia – Lion Air Flight 538 crashed at Solo City-Adi Sumarmo Airport, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20041130-0

2007 – Turkey – Atlasjet Flight 4203 crashed near Isparta Airport, 57 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20071130-0

2012 – Republic of Congo – Aero Service plane crashed near Maya-Maya Airport, Brazzaville, 32 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20121130-0

York

1824 – Morsire Camfield and Michael White were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

2005 – Enthronement of John Sentamu as Archbishop of York. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/north_yorkshire/4481796.stm