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3 November

361 – Roman Empire – Emperor Constantius II died. Caesar Flavius Claudius Julianus Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/constantius-II.html http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/julian-index.html

1492 – France – Peace of Étaples signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_%C3%89taples

1534 – England – First Act of Supremacy passed by parliament. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acts_of_Supremacy#First_Act_of_Supremacy_1534

1775 – Canada – Siege of Fort St. Jean ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_St._Jean

1783 – GB – Highwayman John Austin became last person to be hanged at London’s Tyburn. http://www.executedtoday.com/2007/11/03/1783-john-austin/

1793 – France – Olympe de Gouges executed. http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/11/03/1793-olympe-de-gouges-a-head-of-her-time/

1812 – Russia – Battle of Vyazma (French Invasion of Russia). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vyazma

1817 – Canada – Bank of Montreal opened. http://www.bmo.com/home/about/banking/corporate-information/history

1838 – India – The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce founded. http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/3rd-november-1838-the-times-of-india-the-newspaper-was-founded

1867 – Italy – Battle of Mentana (Unification of Italy). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mentana

1881 – Araucanía – Mapuche Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mapuche_uprising_of_1881

1911 – USA – Chevrolet founded. http://www.chevrolet.com/culture/article/history-and-heritage.html

1912 – Ottoman Empire – Siege of Andrianople began (First Balkan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Adrianople_(1912%E2%80%9313)

1918 – Italy – Armistice of Villa Giusti signed (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_of_Villa_Giusti

1918 – Germany – Kiel Mutiny (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiel_mutiny


1918 – Serbia – Serbian Campaign ended (WWI). https://youtu.be/Qb6I7aQXeSc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Campaign_of_World_War_I

1932 – Greece – Panagis Tsaldaris became Prime Minister. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panagis_Tsaldaris

1935 – Greece – George II became king (second reign). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_II_of_Greece

1942 – Solomon Islands – Koli Point Action began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koli_Point_action

1943 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Wilmshaven, RAF attacked Düsseldorf (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Bhutan – USAAF plane crashed near Chukha, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451103-0

1949 – France – Aéronavale plane crashed at Toulón, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491103-0

1950 – France – Air India Flight 245 crashed into Mont Blanc, 48 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501103-0

1953 – Bolivia – LAB plane crashed near Tarabuco, 28. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531103-0

1956 – Gaza Strip – Khan Yunas Massacre (Suez Crisis). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khan_Yunis_massacre


1957 – USSR – Sputnik 2 launched. https://youtu.be/Pz63twfoW3c WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1957-002A

1967 – Vietnam – Battle of Dak To began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dak_To

1970 – Chile – Salvador Allende became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Allende


1973 – USA – Mariner 10 launched. https://youtu.be/kASweAGi-lo http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1973-085A

1978 – Dominica – Independence from UK. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Dominica


1979 – USA – Greensboro Massacre, 5 killed. https://youtu.be/emKjerYCzPE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greensboro_massacre

1982 – Afghanistan – Salang Tunnel fire, 2000+ killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salang_Tunnel_fire

1984 – India – Anti-Sikh Riots ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984_anti-Sikh_riots

2002 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Denali National Park, Alaska. http://www.nps.gov/dena/naturescience/geologicactivity.htm

2010 – Serbia – Earthquake measuring 5.4Mw, 2 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11681968