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25 November

1034 – Scotland – Malcolm II (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) died, Duncan I (Donnchad mac Crínáin) became king. http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=malcolm2 http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=duncan1

1120 – English Channel – The White Ship sank. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=vcsr&GSvcid=199328 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Ship

1177 – Israel – Battle of Montgisard (Crusades). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Montgisard

1185 – Rome – Pope Lucius III died. Uberto Crivelli became Pope Urban III. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Lucius_III https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_III

1277 – Rome – Giovanni Gaetano Orsini became Pope Nicholas III. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Nicholas_III

1343 – Italy – Naples hit by tsunami, caused by earthquake in Tyrrhenian Sea. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake_of_1343


1487 – England – Coronation of Elizabeth of York as queen consort. https://youtu.be/OyKkMt9FOzc http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=elizabeth_york

1491 – Spain – Treaty of Granada signed (Granada War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Granada_(1491)

1667 – Azerbaijan – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Shamakhi, 80,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1667_Shamakhi_earthquake

1759 – Eastern Mediterranean – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near_East_earthquakes_of_1759

1833 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 8.8 – 9.0Mw, epicentre in Sumatra, followed by tsunami. http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami1833Indonesia.html

1839 – India – Hit by cyclone, 300,000 killed. http://www.hurricanescience.org/history/storms/pre1900s/1839/

1863 – USA – Battle of Missionary Ridge (Chattanooga Campaign, American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Missionary_Ridge

1863 – USA – Battle of Rossville Gap (Chattanooga Campaign, American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattanooga_Campaign#Rossville_Gap

1863 – USA – Chattanooga Campaign ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattanooga_Campaign


1864 – USA – “Confederate Army of manhattan” attempted to burn down New York City (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/Z42gOTkx7s8 http://civilwardailygazette.com/the-failed-confederate-plot-to-burn-new-york-city/

1876 – USA – Dull Knife Fight (American Indian Wars). http://www.wyohistory.org/essays/dull-knife-fight-1876-troops-attack-cheyenne-village-red-fork-powder-river

1917 – East Africa – Battle of Ngomano (East African Campaign, WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ngomano

1926 – USA – Midwest hit by tornados, 76 killed.

1936 – Germany – Anti-Comintern Pact signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Comintern_Pact

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Frankfurt & Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – UK – Woolworth’s shop, New Cross High Street, London hit by V-2 Rocket, 168 killed (WWII). http://www.woolworthsmuseum.co.uk/1940s-remembernewcross.htm

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Blue Mounds, WI, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441125-2

1950 – Bhutan – Indamer plane crashed near Khitoka, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501125-0

1952 – Korea – Battle of Triangle Hill ended (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Triangle_Hill

1953 – Australia – RAAF plane crashed near Mallala, SA, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531125-1

1954 – France – L’Armée de L’Air plane crashed near Eschau, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541125-1


1960 – Dominican Republic – Mirabal Sisters assassinated. https://youtu.be/CGgnmyOsqv8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirabal_sisters

1975 – Suriname – Independence from Netherlands. http://www.mapsofworld.com/suriname/independence-day.html


1986 – Gulf of Bahrain – King Fahd Causeway officially opened. https://youtu.be/DgSwY5-NyKo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Fahd_Causeway

1987 – Philippines – Hit by Typhoon Nina, 1.036 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typhoon_Nina_(1987)

2000 – Azerbaijan – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Baku, 26 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000_Baku_earthquake


2001 – Afghanistan – Battle of Qali-i-Jangi began (War in Afghanistan). https://youtu.be/fMstzQQIgJw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Qala-i-Jangi

2007 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Sumbawa, 3 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2007/us2007kda6/

2008 – Sri Lanka – Hit by Cyclone Nisha, 15 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Nisha_(2008)


2009 – Saudi Arabia – Floods in Jeddah, up to 500 killed. https://youtu.be/bPgpe7BuDsM http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/8384832.stm