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20 November

284 – Roman Empire – Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus proclaimed Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/diocletian.html

423 – Roman Empire – Joannes became Roman Emperor (west). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/john.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joannes

1272 – England – Edward I (Longshanks) became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward1

1776 – USA – Battle of Fort Lee (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Lee_Historic_Park#Battle_of_Fort_Lee


1805 – Vienna – Beethoven’s opera Fidelio first performed in Vienna. https://youtu.be/YI-CF_rOApI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fidelio


1815 – Europe – Napoleonic Wars ended. https://youtu.be/MrbiSUgZEbg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_Wars


1820 – South Pacific – The Essex attacked by sperm whale. https://youtu.be/EN4YvdsT4FM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-true-life-horror-that-inspired-moby-dick-17576/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essex_(whaleship)

1845 – Argentina – Battle of Vuelta de Obligado (Anglo-French Blockade of the Rio de la Plata). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vuelta_de_Obligado

1901 – USA – Fire at Telluride mine, Colorado, 28 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_L._Collins#Tragedy_again_strikes_the_Smuggler-Union_Mine

1917 – Ukraine – Declared a republic.

1917 – France – Battle of Cambrai began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cambrai_(1917)

1933 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Baffin Bay. http://www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca/historic-historique/events/19331120-eng.php

1943 – Republic of Kiribati – Battle of Tarawa (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tarawa http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/tarawa.htm

1943 – Spain – RCAF plane crashed near Vigo, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431120-0

1944 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Lough Erne, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441120-1

1944 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Lough an Laban, Eniskillen, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441120-2

1945 – Indonesia – Battle of Surabaya ended (Indonesian National Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Surabaya

1945 – Indonesia – Battle of Ambarawa began (Indonesian National Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ambarawa


1945 – Germany – Nuremberg Trials started at the Palace of Justice. https://youtu.be/K5lsb1gjAds WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/php/docs_swi.php?DI=1&text=overview http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/20/newsid_4356000/4356166.stm

1946 – Egypt – RAF plane crashed near Suez, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461120-0


1947 – UK – Princess Elizabeth married Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey, London. https://youtu.be/Bo6l6zALAXY http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/elizabeth_iis_wedding

1949 – Norway – Aero Holland plane crashed near Oslo-Fornebu Airport, 34 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491120-0

1949 – Singapore – RAF plane crashed at Seletar Island, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491120-1

1952 – Czechoslovakia – Slánský trial. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sl%C3%A1nsk%C3%BD_trial

1955 – Japan – USAF plane crashed at Iwo Jima Air Base, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551120-0

1962 – Cuba – Cuban Missile Crisis formerly ended (Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_Missile_Crisis

1964 – Sweden – Linjeflyg Flight 267 crashed at Helsingborg-Angelholm Airport, 31 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19641120-0

1967 – USA – TWA Flight 128 crashed in Cincinnati, Kentucky, 70 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19671120-0

1968 – USA – Explosion at Consolidated Coal Company No. 9 mine, Farmington, West Virginia, 78 killed. http://www.usmra.com/saxsewell/farmington.htm


1969 – USA – Occupation of Alcatraz by American Indians began. https://youtu.be/gEmae2PsWJI http://www.nativevillage.org/Inspiration-/Occupation%20of%20Alcatraz%20and%20the%20Alcatraz%20Proclamation%20alcatraz_proclamation.htm  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupation_of_Alcatraz

1969 – Nigeria – Nigeria Airways Flight 825 crashed at Lagos/Ikeja International Airport, 87 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19691120-0

1974 – Kenya – Lufthansa Flight 540 crashed at Nairobi International Airport 59 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19741120-0

1979 – Saudi Arabia – Grand Mosque Seizure began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Mosque_seizure


1980 – USA – Lake Peigneur, Louisiana drained. http://youtu.be/ddlrGkeOzsI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Peigneur

1990 – USSR – Serial killer Andrei Chikatilo arrested. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrei_Chikatilo

1991 – Azerbaijan – Helicopter shot down, 22 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_Azerbaijani_Mil_Mi-8_shootdown


1992 – UK – Fire at Windsor Castle. https://youtu.be/_n5BTKtAtFQ http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/20/newsid_2551000/2551107.stm

1993 – Macedonia – Avioimpex Flight 110 crashed near Ohrid Airport, 116 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19931120-1


1996 – Hong Kong – Garley Building Fire, 41 killed. https://youtu.be/Hm9V5CVVJkE  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garley_Building_fire

1998 – Russia – Zarya Module of International Space Station launched. https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/structure/elements/fgb.html

2002 – Kashmir – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw, 19 killed.

2003 – Turkey – Bombs exploded at HSBC Bank AS and British consulate, Istanbul. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/20/newsid_3746000/3746382.stm

2004 – Costa Rica – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in San José, 8 killed.

2015 – Mali – Radisson Blu Hotel, Bamako attack, 22 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Bamako_hotel_attack

York

1641 – Charles I in York with his son Charles.