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19 November

461 – Roman Empire – Libius Severus Augustus appointed emperor (west). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/libius.html

461 – Rome – Hilarius became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Hilarius

496 – Rome – Pope Gelasius I died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gelasius_I

636 – Iraq – Battle of Al-Qādisiyyah ended (Muslim Conquest of Sassanid Empire). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_al-Q%C4%81disiyyah

1493 – Puerto Rico – Claimed for Spain by Christopher Columbus named it San Juan Bautista. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/puerto-rico-history-and-heritage-13990189/?no-ist

1523 – Rome – Cardinal Giulio di Giuliano de’ Medici became Pope Clement VII. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_VII

1794 – GB – Jay’s Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_Treaty http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/jay.asp

1816 – Poland – Warsaw University established. http://en.uw.edu.pl/about-university/history/

1847 – Canada – Second railway line, Montreal and Lachine, opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreal_and_Lachine_Railroad

1881 – Ukraine – Meteorite landed near Grossliebenthal, Odessa. http://www.phenomena.org.uk/page29/page69/page69.html

1885 – Bulgaria – Battle of Slivnitsa ended (Serbo-Bulgarian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Slivnitsa

1906 – Australia – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre off western coast.

1912 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Monastir ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Monastir

1916 – USA – Goldwyn Pictures established by Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldwyn_Pictures


1941 – Australia – Sydney-Kormoran Action (WWII). https://youtu.be/4NCF5c19pIA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_between_HMAS_Sydney_and_German_auxiliary_cruiser_Kormoran

1942 – USSR – Operation Uranus began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Uranus

1942 – Buganda – Mutesa II became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutesa_II_of_Buganda

1943 – China – CNAC plane crashed at Kunming, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431119-1

1943 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Kunming, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431119-2

1943 – Solomon Islands – US Navy plane crashed at Malaita Island, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431119-4

1943 – Brazil – US Navy plane crashed near Momoel Ribeiro, RJ, 18 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431119-5

1943 – Ukraine – Janowska Concentration Camp liquidated, 6000 killed. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005279

1944 – Luxembourg – Battle of Vianden ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vianden

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed near Brighton, 25 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441119-0

1944 – UK – RCAF plane crashed at Tory Cross, Enniskillen, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441119-1

1946 – Afghanistan, Iceland & Sweden – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1947 – UK – BOAC plane crashed at Brightstone Down, Isle of Wight, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471119-0

1949 – USA – Meteor Air Transport Flight 959 crashed at Detroit, MI, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491119-0

1951 – Egypt – DHY plane crashed near Cairo, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511119-0

1951 – Turkey – Turkish Air Force plane crashed at Kus Gölü, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511119-2

1952 – Greece – Alexander Papagos became Prime Minister. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Papagos

1954 – France – Télé Monte Carlo television channel launched. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%A9l%C3%A9_Monte_Carlo

1969 – USA – Mohawk Airlines Flight 411 crashed near Glen Falls Floyd Bennett Memorial Airport, New York, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19691119-0

1977 – Portugal – TAP Air Portugal Flight 425 crashed at Funchal Airport, 131 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19771119-1

1984 – Mexico – Explosions at PEMEX petroleum, Mexico City, 500 killed. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-02-04/news/sns-rt-us-mexico-pemex-legacybre9130wv-20130204_1_headquarters-of-state-oil-pemex-liquid-petroleum-gas

1985 – Malaysia – Memali Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memali_Incident

1994 – UK – First National Lottery draw. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/19/newsid_3702000/3702998.stm


1996 – USA – United Express Flight 5925 collided with private plane at Quincy Municipal Airport, Illinois, 12 killed. https://youtu.be/6U_GzsCwEFs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19961119-0

1996 – USA – Spokane, Washington hit by ice storm. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/news/month-climate-history-1996-eastern-washington-ice-storm

1999 – China – Shenzhou 1 launched. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenzhou_1

2010 – New Zealand – Explosion at Pike River Mine, 29 killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/nov/20/new-zealand-mine-explosion-pike

2013 – Lebanon – Suicide bombers at Iranian Embassy, Beirut, 23 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24997876

York

766 – Archbishop Ecgbert died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecgbert_of_York

1951 – Clean Food Exhibition opened at Public Library.