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16 November

498 – Rome – Pope Anastasius II died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Anastasius_II

636 – Iraq – Battle of Al-Qādisiyyah began (Muslim Conquest of Sassanid Empire). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_al-Q%C4%81disiyyah

1272 – England – Henry III died, aged 65. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry3

1532 – Inca Empire – Battle of Cajamarca. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cajamarca

1570 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 5.5Mw, epicentre in Ferrara, up to 200 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1570_Ferrara_earthquake

1756 – Britain – William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-cavendish-duke-of-devonshire


1776 – USA – Battle of Fort Washington (American Revolutionary War). https://youtu.be/wCvQqTG5XGA http://www.britishbattles.com/fort-washington.htm

1793 – France – 90 Catholic priests executed at Nantes (French Revolution). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drownings_at_Nantes

1797 – Prussia – Frederick William III became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_William_III_of_Prussia

1805 – Austria – Battle of Schöngrabern (War of the Third Coalition). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sch%C3%B6ngrabern

1852 – UK – Asteroid 22 Kalliope discovered by John Russell Hind. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/22_Kalliope


1855 – South Africa – David Livingstone discovered Victoria Falls. https://youtu.be/fY2gr7h6OlU http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/livingstone.htm

1863 – USA – Battle of Campbell’s Station, Knoxville, Tennessee (American Civil War). https://archive.org/details/recollectionsofe00brea https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Campbell%27s_Station

1885 – Canada – Louis Riel executed for treason. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Riel

1904 – UK – John Ambrose Fleming received patent for the thermionic valve (Vacuum tube). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Ambrose_Fleming


1907 – UK – Cunard Line’s RMS Mauretania’s maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York. http://youtu.be/hSOGM6WZ9mY http://www.ocean-liners.com/ships/mauretania.asp

1907 – USA – Oklahoma became 46th State. http://www.50states.com/oklahoma.htm#.Vkll_tInzcs

1912 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Monastir began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Monastir

1914 – Serbia – Battle of Kolubara began (Serbian Campaign – WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kolubara

1914 – USA – Federal Reserve Bank officially opened. http://www.ny.frb.org/aboutthefed/history_article.html  http://www.federalreservehistory.org/Events/DetailView/16


1920 – Australia – Qantas Airline founded. https://youtu.be/UILHgEebl2U http://www.qantas.com.au/travel/airlines/history-founders/global/en

1937 – Belgium – Sebena plane crashed near Oostende, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19371116-0

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg, 2nd night (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – North Africa – Operation Torch ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Torch

1942 – New Guinea – Battle of Buna-Gona began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Buna%E2%80%93Gona

1943 – Australia – USAAF plane crashed near Rewan Homestead, QLD, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431116-1

1943 – Norway – American Bombers hit hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in Vemork (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_World_War_II_(1943)#November_1943


1944 – Germany – Operation Queen began (WWII). https://youtu.be/v8ijD4nSvrc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Queen

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Placitas, NM, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441116-1

1944 – Italy – USAAF plane crashed at Tarquinia, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441116-3


1945 – UK – UNESCO Constitution signed in London. https://youtu.be/-YSIvYokR_Q http://www.unesco.org/archives/new2010/en/history_of_unesco.html

1946 – Japan – USSAF plane crashed off Iwo Jima Ai Base, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461116-0

1951 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Calshot RAF Station, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511116-0

1954 – Peru – TAM plane crashed near Jirishanga, 24 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541116-0

1959 – USA – National Airlines Flight 967 crashed off Pilottown, LA, 42 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19591116-1

1965 – USSR – Venera 3 launched. http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?Sort=Alpha&Letter=V&Alias=Venera%203

1973 – USA – Skylab 4 launched. https://youtu.be/rYU9VEp_-D0 http://www.spacefacts.de/mission/english/skylab-4.htm

1979 – Romania – Line M1 of Bucharest Metro opened. http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/bucharest-metro/

1983 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw, epicentre in Kaoiki, Hawaii. http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/archive/1994/94_11_18.html

1989 – El Salvador – Murder of UCA Scholars. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_UCA_scholars


1992 – UK – Hoxne Hoard discovered, Suffolk. https://youtu.be/UXrkRcuX8sQ http://www.hoxne.net/history/hoard.html

2000 – Papua New Guinea – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre in New Ireland, 2 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000_New_Ireland_earthquakes

2005 – France – French Riots ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_French_riots

2008 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Minahasa, Sulawesi, 6 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2008/us2008zlbn/

2011 – Italy – Silvio Berlusconi resigned as Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silvio_Berlusconi