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13 November

565 – Roman Empire – Emperor Justinian I died. Flavius Justinius Junior Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justinian_I  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_II

867 – Rome – Pope Nicholas I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Nicholas_I

1002 – England – St. Brice’s Day Massacre (Viking Invasion of England). http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00kdhvm  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Brice%27s_Day_massacre

1093 – England – Battle of Alnwick. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alnwick_(1093)

1642 – England – Battle of Turnham Green (English Civil War). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/brentfordandturnhamgreen/history/the-battles/turnham-green.htm

1887 – UK – Bloody Sunday clashes in London. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Sunday_(1887) http://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/585270

1901 – UK – Caister Lifeboat disaster. http://www.caisterlifeboat.org.uk/archive/1901.htm

1914 – Morocco – Battle of El Herri (Zaian War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_El_Herri

1918 – Ottoman Empire – Occupation of Constantinople began (WWI / Turkish War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupation_of_Constantinople


1927 – USA – Holland Tunnel opened between New Jersey and New York City. http://youtu.be/fORmoNbN5yI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holland_Tunnel


1940 – USA – Walt Disney’s Fantasia first released. https://youtu.be/Rrm8usaH0sM https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fantasia_(1940_film)


1941 – Mediterranean – HMS Ark Royal torpedoed (WWII). https://youtu.be/4TRsuHudRjg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-04CV-Ark%20Royal.htm

1942 – Norway – Luftwaffe plane crashed at Masfjord, Hordaland, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421113-1

1942 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Lake Washington, WA, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19421113-3

1943 – Greece – Lufwaffe plane crashed near Leros, 12 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431113-3

1943 – Ireland – RAF plane missing near Mayo, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431113-1

1944 – Canada – RCAF plane crashed at Patricia Bay, BC, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441113-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Casper AAF, WY, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441113-1

1944 – Atlantic Ocean – USAAF plane missing, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441113-2

1945 – Panama – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1946 – USA – Western Air Lines Flight 23 crashed at near Lebec, CA, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461113-0

1946 – Mexico – Communicacianes Aéreas de Veracruz plane crashed near Perote, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461113-1

1947 – France – SANA plane crashed near Bouchox, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19471113-2

1950 – Venezuela – President Carlos Delgado Chalbaud assassinated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Delgado_Chalbaud

1950 – France – Curtiss Reid Flying Service plane crashed on Tête de l’Obiou mountain, 58 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501113-1

1951 – France – USAF plane crashed near Clermont-Ferrand, 36 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19511113-0

1960 – Guatemala – Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guatemalan_Civil_War

1965 – Bahamas – SS Yarmouth Castle sank off coast of Nassau, 90 killed. http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?16281

1966 – Japan – All Nippon Airways Flight 533 crashed at Matsuyama Airport, Shikoku, 50 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19661113-0

1966 – West Bank – Samu Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samu_Incident

1968 – Israel – Paralympic III Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Tel Aviv. http://www.paralympic.org/tel-aviv-1968


1974 – USA – Amityville Murders. https://youtu.be/bfPKiPniEmI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://amityvillemurders.com/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_DeFeo_Jr.

1982 – USA – Vietnam Veterans Memorial dedicated. http://www.thewall-usa.com/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_Veterans_Memorial

1985 – Colombia – Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupted, caused mudslide which buried Armero, 25,000 killed. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/nevado_del_ruiz.html

1989 – Liechtenstein – Prince Francis Joseph II died, Hans-Adam II became Prince. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Joseph_II,_Prince_of_Liechtenstein https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans-Adam_II,_Prince_of_Liechtenstein

1990 – New Zealand – Gunman in Aramoana, 13 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.G/g/gray-david.htm

1993 – China – China Northern Airlines Flight 6901 crashed at Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19931113-0

1995 – Saudi Arabia – Bomb exploded at National Guard Training Centre, Riyadh, 7 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24930976

2002 – Spain – Oil Tanker Prestige sank off Galacian coast, causing oil spill. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24930976


2012 – Australia/South America – Solar eclipse observed. https://youtu.be/himsMoJiFSs https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEgoogle/SEgoogle2001/SE2012Nov13Tgoogle.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_eclipse_of_November_13,_2012

2015 – France – Attack on Paris, 160 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_2015_Paris_attacks


2015 – Sri Lanka – Temporary satellite WT1190F impacted. https://youtu.be/2gFUXR3ilWs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WT1190F