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12 November

607 – Rome – Pope Boniface III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_III

1035 – England – Canute died, aged about 40, Harold Harefoot became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=canute http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=harold1

1330 – Romania – Battle of Posada ended (Hungarian-Wallachian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Posada

1439 – England – Plymouth became first town incorporated by Parliament. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/magna-britannia/vol6/pp381-408#h3-0011

1555 – England – Second Statute of Repeal re-established Catholicism. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/statuterepeal2.htm

1793 – France – Jean Sylvain Bailly executed (Reign of Terror). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Sylvain_Bailly

1881 – Araucanía – Mapuche Uprising ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mapuche_uprising_of_1881

1892 – USA – New Orleans General Strike ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1892_New_Orleans_general_strike

1893 – Afghanistan – Duran Line Agreement signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durand_Line


1912 – Antarctica – Frozen bodies of Robert Scott and group found on the Ross Ice Shelf. https://youtu.be/2VQZA42QqiA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/scott.htm

1920 – Italy – Treaty of Rapallo signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Rapallo_(1920)

1927 – USSR – Leon Trotsky expelled from Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in control. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Trotsky  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin


1928 – USA – SS Vestris sank off Hampton Roads, Virginia, 110 killed. http://youtu.be/vFL-3wgf0SU http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/vestris_disaster_1.html

1933 – Scotland – First known photograph of Loch Ness Monster taken by Hugh Gray. http://lochnessmystery.blogspot.co.uk/2011/06/hugh-gray-photograph-revisited_26.html


1936 – USA – Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic in San Francisco. https://youtu.be/Ngpm4-4Chmk http://baybridgeinfo.org/history

1940 – Italy – Battle of Taranto ended (WWII). http://www.secondworldwarhistory.com/operation-judgement-the-attack-on-taranto.asp

1940 – French Equatorial Africa – Battle of Gabon ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gabon

1942 – Solomon Islands – Koli Point Action ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koli_Point_action

1942 – Solomon Islands – Naval Battle of Guadalcanal began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Battle_of_Guadalcanal


1944 – Norway – Operation Catechism (WWII). https://youtu.be/xI0EfgcKw2Q  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Catechism

1944 – Canada – USAAF plane crashed near Cape St. George, NF, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441112-0

1948 – Malaysia – RAF plane crashed near Rawang, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19481112-0

1953 – Argentina – LADE plane crashed near Villa Mugueta, SF, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531112-2

1954 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed at Sverdlovsk-Koltsovo Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19541112-0

1956 – Morocco, Sudan & Tunisia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1956 – Gaza Strip – Rafah Massacre, 111 killed (Suez Crisis). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafah_massacre

1964 – Japan – Paralympic II Summer Games Closing Ceremony in Tokyo. http://www.paralympic.org/tokyo-1964

1968 – Equatorial Guinea – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1970 – Bangladesh – Bhola Cyclone made landfall. https://youtu.be/gkcuZoR6XSU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.weather.com/storms/hurricane/news/deadliest-cyclone-history-bangladesh-20130605#/1

1975 – Comoros – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1981 – USA – Space Shuttle Columbia second launch. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-2.html

1991 – East Timor – Santa Cruz Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Cruz_massacre

1995 – Croatia – Erdut Agreement signed, ending Croatian War of Independence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erdut_Agreement https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_War_of_Independence

1996 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre near Nazca, 14 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1996_Nazca_earthquake


1996 – India – Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 & Air Kazakhstan Flight 1907 crashed mid air near Charkhi Dadri, 349 killed. https://youtu.be/LN_aqPSGTCQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19961112-0

1999 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Düzce, 894 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_D%C3%BCzce_earthquake


2001 – USA – American Airlines Flight 587 crashed in Queens, New York, 265 killed. https://youtu.be/oITQ_wrpVmk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20011112-0

2009 – Rwanda – Rwanda Air Flight 205 crashed at Kigali International Airport 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20091112-0

2015 – UK – Storm Abigail. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-34794583

2015 – Lebanon – Beirut Bombings, 43 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-34795797