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11 November

308 – Roman Empire – Caesar Valerius Licinius Augustus appointed Augustus (west). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Licinius

1100 – England – Henry I married Matilda of Scotland. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_Scotland

1417 – Rome – Cardinal Oddone Colonna became Pope Martin V. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Martin_V

1500 – Spain – Treaty of Granada signed (Second Italian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_War_of_1499%E2%80%931504#Treaties

1583 – Ireland – Second Desmond Rebellion ended. http://www.theirishstory.com/2015/09/30/the-desmond-rebellions-part-ii-the-second-rebellion-1579-83/#.VkFuJdInzct

1608 – Scotland – Earthquake in Comrie. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/


1620 – America – Mayflower Compact signed. https://youtu.be/s9-BYimjk1s http://mayflowerhistory.com/mayflower-compact/

1673 – Ukraine – Second Battle of Khotyn (Polish-Ottoman War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Khotyn_(1673)


1724 – England – Joseph Blake (alias Blueskin), highwayman, hanged in London. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IgG65rKOpSk  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Blake_(criminal) http://digital.nls.uk/english-ballads/pageturner.cfm?id=74897263

1750 – Tibet – Lhasa Riot. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lhasa_riot_of_1750

1778 – America – Cherry Valley Massacre (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherry_Valley_massacre

1805 – Austria – Battle of Dürenstein (War of Third Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_D%C3%BCrenstein

1813 – Canada – Battle of Crysler’s Farm (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Crysler%27s_Farm


1831 – USA – Nat Turner hanged for inciting a violent slave uprising in Jerusalem, Virginia. https://youtu.be/LqpTqRhyd1w WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nat_Turner

1855 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Tokyo, followed by tsunami, c.70,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1855_Edo_earthquake

1865 – Bhutan – Treaty of Sinchula signed (Bhutan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhutan_War

1869 – Australia – Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act enacted. http://www.foundingdocs.gov.au/item-sdid-22.html


1880 – Australia – Ned Kelly hanged at Melbourne Gaol. https://youtu.be/p8-NH1VM-JA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ned_Kelly


1887 – USA – Haymarket ‘Martyrs’: August Spies, Albert Parsons, Aldolph Fischer & George Engel, executed. https://youtu.be/VKkEl9XzjFc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Spies https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Parsons https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolph_Fischer  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Engel

1887 – UK – Manchester Ship Canal construction began. http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/The-Manchester-Ship-Canal/

1889 – USA – Washington became the 42nd State. http://www.50states.com/washingt.htm


1918 – France – Germany signs armistice agreement with the Allies. WWI fighting officially ended at 11:00am. https://youtu.be/R9wgefi8lqU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_of_11_November_1918

1918 – France/Belgium – Hundred Days Offensive ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Days_Offensive

1918 – France – Meuse-Argonne Offensive ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meuse-Argonne_Offensive

1918 – Luxembourg – German Occupation ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_occupation_of_Luxembourg_during_World_War_I

1918 – Atlantic Ocean – U-Boat Campaign ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U-boat_Campaign_(World_War_I)

1918 – Poland – Józef Piłsudski assumed military power – Polish independence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3zef_Pi%C5%82sudski

1918 – Austria – Charles I relinquished power. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_Austria

1919 – USA – Centralia Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centralia_massacre_(Washington)


1921 – USA – Tomb of Unknowns dedicated. https://youtu.be/MM5bVX-yd-c http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/tombofun.htm

1922 – Atacama – Earthquake measuring 8.5Mw.

1926 – USA – Route 66 established. http://www.nps.gov/nR/travel/route66/Route66_1926_to_1945.html


1934 – Australia – Shrine of Remembrance dedicated. https://youtu.be/jHcaXEpVdRA http://www.shrine.org.au/The-Shrine-Story/History

1940 – Italy – Battle of Taranto began (WWII). http://www.secondworldwarhistory.com/operation-judgement-the-attack-on-taranto.asp https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taranto


1940 – USA – Blizzard in midwest, 144 killed. https://youtu.be/0QccI2GeLvk http://www.weather.gov/dvn/armistice_day_blizzard

1942 – Egypt – Second Battle of El Alamaein ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_El_Alamein

1943 – New Britain – Bombing of Rabaul ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Rabaul_(November_1943)

1943 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Lough Erne, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431111-1

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed near Llyn Dulyn, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441111-1

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed off Oahu Island, HI, 17 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441111-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Glendale, CA, 11 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441111-3

1944 – Indonesia – USAAF plane missing between Morotai & Numfor, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441111-5

1946 – USA – United Air Lines Flight 404 crashed at Cleveland, OH, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461111-0

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Pickens, SC, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501111-0

1950 – Turkey – Turkish Air Force plane crashed at Emirdag, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19501111-1

1952 – Guam – US Navy plane crashed off coast, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521111-0

1952 – Chad – Union Aéromaritime de Transport plane crashed near Fort Lamy Airport, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19521111-1

1953 – Singapore – RAF plane crashed off Singapore Island, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19531111-1

1960 – South Vietnam – Coup attempt. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1960_South_Vietnamese_coup_attempt

1965 – USA – United Airlines Flight 227 crashed at Salt Lake City International Airport 43 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19651111-0


1966 – USA – Gemini 12 launched. https://youtu.be/Eb4tTfFraxs http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1966-104A

1968 – Laos – Operation Commando Hunt began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Commando_Hunt

1975 – Angola – Angolan Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angolan_Civil_War

1975 – Angola – Independence from Portugal. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13037271

1981 – Antigua and Barbuda – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1992 – UK – General Synod of the Church of England voted to allow women to become priests. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/11/newsid_2518000/2518183.stm

1993 – USA – Vietnam Women’s Memorial dedicated. http://vietnamwomensmemorial.org/dedicat.php

1999 – UK – House of Lords Act commenced. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Lords_Act_1999


2000 – Austria – Train fire in Kaprun, 155 killed. https://youtu.be/fg2KwaJDQh4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaprun_disaster

2002 – Philippines – Laoag International Airlines Flight 585 crased in Manila Bay, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20021111-0

2004 – East Timor – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Dili, 34 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2004/usqsci/

2004 – New Zealand – Tomb of Unknown Warrior dedicated. http://www.mch.govt.nz/pukeahu/park/national-war-memorial/tomb


2006 – UK – New Zealand War Memorial unveiled by Elizabeth II in London. https://youtu.be/TYljPCk5_yU  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_Tomb_of_the_Unknown_Warrior

2010 – Sudan – Tarco Airlines plane crashed at Zalingei Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20101111-0

2012 – Burma – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Shwebo, 26 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20285901

2014 – Pakistan – Khaipur bus crash, 56 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-29999158

York

1918 – Service of Thanksgiving held at York Minster, parts of city decorated with bunting, many workers given day off (WWI Armistice). http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/20th-century/first-world-war-york