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10 November

461 – Rome – Pope Leo I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_I

1202 – Croatia – Siege of Zara began (Fourth Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Zara

1241 – Rome – Pope Celestine IV died before his coronation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_IV

1444 – Bulgaria – Battle of Varna (Ottoman Wars in Europe). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Varna


1520 – Sweden – Stockholm Bloodbath ended. https://youtu.be/cT-E4MKW-jk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm_Bloodbath

1549 – Rome – Pope Paul III died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paul_III

1580 – Ireland – Siege of Smerwick ended (Second Desmond Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Smerwick

1659 – India – Battle of Pratapgarh. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pratapgarh

1702 – America – Siege of St. Augustine began (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_St._Augustine_(1702)

1775 – USA – US Marine Corps founded at Tun Tavern in Philidelphia by Samuel Nicholas. http://www.marines.com/history-heritage/timeline


1799 – France – French Directory ended. https://youtu.be/H2qM6BT5_NU  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Directory

1847 – Ireland – Passenger ship Stephen Whitney wrecked, 92 killed. http://www.irishshipwrecks.com/shipwrecks.php?wreck_ref=273


1865 – USA – Major Henry Wirz executed for war crimes. https://youtu.be/pV06f2aLJSw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/wirz/wirz.htm


1871 – Tanzania – Henry Morton Stanley found Dr. David Livingstone. https://youtu.be/fhEDVniuAhQ http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/stanley.htm

1898 – USA – Wilmington Insurrection. http://www.history.ncdcr.gov/1898-wrrc/report/report.htm

1938 – USA – Earthquake measuring 8.2Mw, epicentre in Shumagin Islands, Alaska. https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1938_11_10.php


1938 – Germany – Kristallnacht ended. https://youtu.be/-y0uwd9QAYE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005201

1940 – Romania – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Vrancea, 4, 000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1940_Vrancea_earthquake

1942 – France – Operation Anton began (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Case_Anton

1943 – Spain – RAF plane crashed off coast, 12 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19431110-1

1944 – Papua New Guinea – USS Mount Hood exploded at Seeadler Harbour, 432 killed. http://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/usn/AE-11.html

1951 – USA – Direct dial coast-to-coast telephone service began. https://njmonthly.com/articles/jersey-living/ringing-in-the-new/


1954 – USA – US Marine Corp War Memorial, Arlington, dedicated. https://youtu.be/V_ZYVPJVW1c https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_Corps_War_Memorial


1958 – USA – Hope Diamond donated to the Smithsonian Institution. https://youtu.be/5JTvHfaeh2c https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hope_Diamond


1969 – USA – Sesame Street first broadcast. http://youtu.be/4Dc_91eUUSY  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sesame_Street


1970 – USSR – Lunokhod 1 launched. https://youtu.be/JUkAVZMX8QU http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1970-095A

1971 – Cambodia – Phnom Penh Airport attack, 44 killed. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-rouge-forces-attack-phnom-penh-airport

1971 – Indonesia – Merpati Nusantara Airlines plane crashed off Padang, 66 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19711110-0


1975 – Canada/USA – SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank on Lake Superior, 29 killed. https://youtu.be/Q0zUfSUnmcc http://www.ssefo.com/


1979 – Canada – Freight train derailed and exploded in Mississauga, Ontario. http://youtu.be/hEi2Do9tNPI  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/home?paf_gear_id=9700018&itemId=5500001

2007 – Malasia – Bersih Rally. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Bersih_rally

2009 – Korea – Battle of Daecheong. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Daecheong

York

1919 – The Grand Cinema, Clarence Street, opened.