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1 November

1179 – France – Philip II crowned king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_II_of_France

1214 – Asia Minor – Siege of Sinope (Byzantine-Seljuq Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Sinope

1503 – Rome – Giuliano della Rovere became Pope Julius II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Julius_II


1512 – Rome – Ceiling of Sistine Chapel exhibited to public for first time. https://youtu.be/PEE3B8Fsuc0 http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/CSN/CSN_Storia.html

1520 – South America – Strait of Magellan discovered by Ferdinand Magellan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strait_of_Magellan#Discovery_by_Europeans

1555 – Brazil – France Antarctique Colony established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France_Antarctique

1570 – Netherlands – All Saints’ flood. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Saints%27_Flood_(1570)

1683 – America – Province of New York subdivided into 12 counties. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_New_York

1755 – Portugal – Earthquake measuring 8.7Mw, epicentre in Lisbon, followed by tsunami, 80,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1755_Lisbon_earthquake

1765 – GB – The Stamp Act came into force. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamp_Act_1765

1848 – USA – The Boston Female Medical School opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_England_Female_Medical_College

1870 – USA – The Weather Bureau made first official meteorological forecast. http://www.weather.gov/timeline

1876 – New Zealand – Provincial government dissolved. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provinces_of_New_Zealand

1886 – Sri Lanka – Ananda College established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ananda_College

1894 – Russia – Alexander III died, Nicholas II became Tsar. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_III_of_Russia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_II_of_Russia

1914 – Chile – Battle of Coronel (WWI). http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-coronel/

1918 – USA – Subway crash at Malbone Street. http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Malbone_Street_Wreck_(New_York_Times,_1918)

1922 – Ottoman Empire – Mehmed VI abdicated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehmed_VI

1935 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Témiscaming, Quebec. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1935_Timiskaming_earthquake

1936 – Germany – Deutsche Lufthansa plane crashed near Tabarz, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19361101-0

1942 – Solomon Islands – Matanikau Offensive began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matanikau_Offensive

1943 – Papua New Guinea – Battle of Empress Augusta Bay began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Empress_Augusta_Bay

1944 – France – USAAF plane crashed near Saint-Chamond, 20 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441101-1

1944 – France – USAAF plane crashed at Cambrai-Niegnies Advanced Landing Ground A-74, 24 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19441101-3

1945 – North Norea – Chŏngro Newspaper first published. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodong_Sinmun

1945 – Australia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1945 – Germany – USAAF plane crashed near Herrenalb, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19451101-1

1946 – France – Compagnie de Transports Aérien Languedoc-Roussillon plane crashed at Saint-Léger-la-Montagne, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19461101-0

1949 – USA – Eastern Air Lines Flight 537 & Bolivian Air Force plane mid air collision near Washington National Airport, DC, 55 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491101-0

1949 – Hungary – Maszolet plane crashed near at Péc/Pogany Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19491101-1


1950 – USA – Attempted assassination of President Harry S Truman. https://youtu.be/UoyRbKzq14o WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://www.whitehousehistory.org/the-truman-assassination-attempt

1954 – Algeria – Algerian War of Independence started. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algerian_War

1955 – USA – Bomb exploded on United Airlines Flight 629 over Longmont, Colorado, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19551101-0


1956 – Canada – Explosion at Springhill mine, Nova Scotia, 39 killed. https://youtu.be/B4fYFX57IOo http://www.cbc.ca/archives/topic/springhill-mining-disasters


1957 – USA – Mackinac Bridge opened to traffic. https://youtu.be/1IKjIKKdLUw http://www.mackinacbridge.org/history-of-the-bridge-14/


1963 – Puerto Rico – Arecibo Observatory officially opened. https://youtu.be/YX4PZ-fW2YA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arecibo_Observatory

1963 – South Vietnam – Coup began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1963_South_Vietnamese_coup

1970 – France – Fire at Club Cinq-Sept, Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, 146 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/1/newsid_2537000/2537937.stm

1981 – Antigua and Barbuda – Independence from UK. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda

2000 – Serbia – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

2002 – Kashmir – Earthquake measuring 5.4Mw, 11 killed.

2012 – Saudia Arabia – Fuel tank truck exploded in Riyadh, 26 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20165363

2013 – USA – Los Angeles International Airport Shooting, 1 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/11/01/us/lax-gunfire/

York

866 – Halfdean & Ivar the Boneless led a Danish attack on York. http://www.englandsnortheast.co.uk/Jorvik.html

1266 – Walter Giffard enthroned as Archbishop of York. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Giffard

1746 – George Hamilton, Edward Clevering, James Spark, Charles Gordon, Angus McDonald, James Mayne, Benjamin Mason, William Dempsey, ? Frazier and ? Conolly were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1816 – Unitarian Baptist Chapel opened in Jubbergate (in former Independent chapel). http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/yorks/city-of-york/pp404-418#h3-0005