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21 May

878 – Byzantine Empire – Siege of Syracuse ended (Muslim Conquest of Sicily). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Syracuse_(877%E2%80%93878)

996 – Holy Roman Empire – Otto III became Holy Roman Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1085 – Sweden – Helsingborg founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsingborg

1382 – England – Earthquake measuring 5.8Mw, epicentre in Canterbury. http://www.geologyshop.co.uk/ukequakes.htm

1471 – England – Henry VI murdered, aged 49. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry6

1502 – St. Helena – Discovered and named by João da Nova. http://sainthelenaisland.info/briefhistory.htm

1554 – England – Mary I granted Royal Charter to Derby School as a grammar school for boys. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derby_School

1758 – America – Mary Campbell abducted (French and Indian War). http://cuyahogafallshistory.com/2014/08/mary-campbell-and-the-lenape-indians/

1779 – Bohemia/Silesia – War of the Bavarian Succession ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Bavarian_Succession

1799 – Israel – Siege of Acre ended (French Invasion of Egypt). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Acre_(1799)

1809 – Austria – Battle of Aspern-Essling began (War of the Fifth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Aspern-Essling

1813 – Germany – Battle of Bautzen ended (War of Sixth Coalition). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bautzen

1851 – Colombia – Slavery abolished.

1856 – USA – Sacking of Lawrence (Bleeding Kansas). http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/lawrencesack.htm

1863 – USA – Battle of Plains Store (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Plains_Store

1863 – USA – Siege of Port Hudson began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/port-hudson.html


1864 – USA – Battle of Spotsylvania Court House ended (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/fz8fG2nYqlc http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/spotsylvania-court-house.html

1871 – France – Bloody Week began (French Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Commune#.22Bloody_Week.22

1879 – Peru – Battle of Iquique (War of the Pacific). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iquique


1881 – USA – American Red Cross established in Washington DC. https://youtu.be/ssBg4TW-5AQ?list=PLjXQQ4–O4lge-m5D6YQC4bSzBCuQcWjy WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   http://www.redcross.org/about-us/who-we-are/history


1894 – UK – Manchester Ship Canal officially opened by Queen Victoria. https://youtu.be/g2ffsKVIjWg  http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/The-Manchester-Ship-Canal/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_Ship_Canal


1904 – France – FIFA founded in Paris. https://youtu.be/ulLaO1hLTvk  http://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/who-we-are/history/

1911 – Mexico – Treaty of Ciudad Juárez signed (Mexican Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Ciudad_Ju%C3%A1rez

1917 – UK – Commonwealth War Graves Commission founded. https://youtu.be/0I10fJzy8mQ http://www.cwgc.org/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_War_Graves_Commission


1917 – USA – Fire of Atlanta. https://youtu.be/zvo3xS_Hbhg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Atlanta_fire_of_1917

1918 – Armenia – Battle of Sardarabad began (Caucasu Campaign, WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sardarabad


1927 – France – Charles Lindbergh completed his solo flight across the Atlantic, at Le Bourget Field, Paris. https://youtu.be/ubvWu2gXzZs   http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/paris.asp


1932 – Ireland – Amelia Earhart completed her solo flight across the Atlantic, at Derry. https://youtu.be/SpLUlBMZG2s  https://youtu.be/y-itPeJOyzI   http://www.ameliaearhart.com/about/bio.html

1937 – North Pole – USSR North Pole 1 established. http://www.science20.com/chatter_box/arctic_heroes_2_north_pole_1


1939 – Canada – WWI National War Memorial unveiled. https://youtu.be/o5M5lSE3J2s  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_War_Memorial_(Canada)

1944 – Java Sea – RAAF plane missing in Java Sea, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440521-0

1944 – Pacific Ocean – US Navy plane crashed, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440521-1

1954 – Vietnam – Autrex plane crashed near Hanoi, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540521-0

1954 – USA – US Navy plane crashed off Hawaii, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540521-1

1955 – Venezuela – LAV plane crashed off Barcelona, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550521-0

1966 – Northern Ireland – Ulster Volunteer Force declared war on Irish Republic Army.


1976 – USA – Bus crash in Martinez, California, 29 killed. https://youtu.be/ykXxFdKEmSU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuba_City_bus_disaster


1979 – USA – White Night Riots. https://youtu.be/HaXpUD34BSs  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Night_riots

1982 – Falkland Islands – Operation Sutton began (Falklands War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Sutton


1982 – Falkland Islands – Battle of San Carlos began (Falklands War). https://youtu.be/c-_l3ezW0l4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Carlos_(1982)

1996 – Tanzania – Ferry MV Bukoba sank on Lake Victoria, 1,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MV_Bukoba

1998 – Indonesia – President Suharto resigned. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suharto

2003 – Algeria – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Boumerdès, 2,266 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Boumerd%C3%A8s_earthquake

2006 – Montenegro – Independence from Serbia.

2010 – Japan – IKAROS launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IKAROS

2012 – Albania – Bus crash near Himara, 13 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qafa_e_Vish%C3%ABs_bus_accident

2012 – Yemen – Suicide Bombing in Sana’a, 120+ killed. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/may/21/sanaa-suicide-bomb-attack

2013 – Iraq – May attacks ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_2013_Iraq_attacks


2014 – USA – National 9/11 Memorial & Museum opened. https://youtu.be/ppoBxBTHXnI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.911memorial.org/