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20 May

325 – Roman Empire – First Council of Nicea held. http://www.livescience.com/2410-council-nicea-changed-world.html http://www.papalencyclicals.net/Councils/ecum01.htm

526 – Turkey – Earthquake, epicentre in Antioch, estimated 250,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/526_Antioch_earthquake

685 – Scotland – Battle of Dun Nechtain. http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/scotlandshistory/britonsgaelsvikings/battleofdunichen/index.asp

794 – East Anglia – Aethelberht II beheaded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelberht_II_of_East_Anglia

1217 – England – Second Battle of Lincoln (First Baron’s War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lincoln_(1217)

1277 – Rome – Pope John XXI died after roof of palace fell on him. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XXI

1449 – Portugal – Battle of Alfarrobeira. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alfarrobeira

1520 – Aztec Empire – Massacre of the Festival of Tóxcatl. http://theaztecaccount.blogspot.co.uk/2009/06/chapter-9-massacre-in-main-temple.html

1521 – Spain – Battle of Pampeluna (Italian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battles_of_the_Italian_Wars#Pampeluna  http://univarchives.admu.edu.ph/stignatius1.htm


1570 – Belgium – Theatrum Orbis Terrarum produced by Abraham Ortelius. https://youtu.be/zvlNqZgCbKE  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatrum_Orbis_Terrarum  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Ortelius

1631 – Germany – Sack of Magdeburg (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sack_of_Magdeburg

1645 – China – Yangzhou Massacre began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangzhou_massacre

1802 – French Colonies – Napoleon Bonaparte reinstated slavery. http://www.royalhistorian.com/royalty-and-the-atlantic-world-2-napoleon-josephine-and-the-french-caribbean/

1813 – Germany – Battle of Bautzen began (War of Sixth Coalition). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bautzen

1864 – USA – Battle of Ware Bottom Church (American Civil War). http://www.saverichmondbattlefields.org/wbc.htm

1882 – Germany/ Austria-Hungary/Italy – Triple Alliance signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple_Alliance_(1882)


1873 – USA – Levi Strauss & Jacob Davis receive patent for blue jeans with copper rivets. https://youtu.be/aeRq6l2pt3I  http://www.levistrauss.com/our-story/

1884 – Zulu Nation – Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo became King. http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/king-dinuzulu

1896 – France – Chandelier at Palais Garnier, Paris fell, 1 killed. http://desertedphans.forumotion.net/t165-articles-in-le-figaro-about-the-counterweight-accident-at-the-paris-opera-in-1896

1899 – USA – First US speeding ticket issued. http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2011/05/the-first-speeding-infraction-in-the-u-s-was-committed-by-a-new-york-city-taxi-driver-in-an-electric-car-on-may-20-1899/

1902 – Cuba – Independence from USA, Tomás Estrada Palma became President. https://history.state.gov/countries/cuba


1927 – USA – Charles Lindbergh took off on first solo non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean, from New York. http://youtu.be/_R3fGL67mas http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/paris.asp


1932 – USA – Amelia Earhart took off on first female solo non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean, from Newfoundland. https://youtu.be/y-itPeJOyzI   http://www.ameliaearhart.com/about/bio.html


1941 – Greece – Battle of Crete began (WWII). https://youtu.be/4cZGqApwycw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Crete

1948 – Republic of China – Chiang Kai-shek became President. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/chiang_kaishek.shtml

1948 – UK – Air Transport Charter plane crashed near Bovingdon, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480520-0

1965 – Egypt – Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705 crashed at Cairo International Airport, 121 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19650520-0

1969 – South Vietnam – Battle of Hamburger Hill ends (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hamburger_Hill

1971 – Bangladesh – Chuknagar Massacre (Bangladesh Liberation War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuknagar_massacre

1983 – South Africa – Car bombs exploded in Church Street, Pretoria, 19 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/20/newsid_4326000/4326975.stm

1992 – Thailand – Black May protests ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_May_(1992)

1998 – Georgia – War in Abkhazia began (Georgian-Abkhazia Conflict). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_in_Abkhazia_(1998)

2002 – East Timor – Independence from Portugal. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14919009

2006 – Bangladesh – Dhaka strikes began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_Dhaka_strikes

2012 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Emilia-Romagna, 7 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18135898

2013 – USA – Tornado hit suburbs of Oklahoma City, 24 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-22604251

2014 – Nigeria – Bomb exploded in Jos, 118 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-27493940

 

York

1840 – Fire in Nave of York Minster. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/york/minster-fires/

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1878 – Royal Station Hotel opened. http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/victorian/royal-station-hotel

 

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2010 – Explore Centre (refurbished York Library), Museum Street opened.