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15 May

392 – Roman Empire – Co-Emperor Valentinian II assassinated. http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/valentinian-II.html

884 – Rome – Pope Marinus I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Marinus_I

1252 – Rome – Papal Bull Ad Extirpanda issued by Pope Innocent IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ad_extirpanda

1464 – England – Battle of Hexham (War of the Roses). http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/hexham.htm

1525 – Germany – Battle of Frankenhausen (German Peasants’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Frankenhausen

1536 – England – Trial of Anne Boleyn. http://www.theanneboleynfiles.com/the-trial-of-anne-boleyn/

1567 – Scotland – Mary, Queen of Scots, married James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. http://scotlandsmary.com/the-earl-of-bothwell/

1648 – Europe – Thirty Years’ War ended with signing of Peace of Westphalia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirty_Years%27_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Westphalia

1718 – GB – First machine gun patented by James Puckle. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Puckle

1793 – Spain – Diego Marín Aguilera flew a glider for 360 metres. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diego_Mar%C3%ADn_Aguilera

1817 – USA – Asylum for the relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason opened in Philadelphia. http://www.scattergoodfoundation.org/legacy#.VVWAV5XbLcs

1849 – Kingdom of Naples – Sicilian Revolution of Independence ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicilian_revolution_of_1848

1850 – USA – Bloody Island Massacre. http://www.manataka.org/page2199.html

1858 – UK – Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London opened (Third). http://www.rohcollections.org.uk/ROHHistory.aspx

1864 – USA – Battle of Resaca ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/resaca.html


1864 – USA – Battle of New Market, Virginia (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/7nko8Ek4KDE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/new-market.html


1869 – USA – National Woman Suffrage Association formed in New York. https://youtu.be/23O02q0JgKw  https://youtu.be/nCEaHGgUV-Q http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Woman_Suffrage_Association

1904 – Manchuria – Japanese battle ships Hatsuse & Yashima sank at Port Arthur (Russo-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Hatsuse https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Yashima

1905 – USA – Las Vagas, Nevada founded. https://youtu.be/qh6bnKoregs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Las_Vegas

1911 – Mexico – Torreón Massacre ended (Mexican Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torre%C3%B3n_massacre

1918 – Finland – Finnish Civil War ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finnish_Civil_War

1919 – USA – Winnipeg General Strike started. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnipeg_General_Strike

1919 – Anatolia – Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Turkish_War_(1919%E2%80%9322)

1932 – Japan – May 15 Incident – Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_15_Incident http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inukai_Tsuyoshi


1935 – USSR – Moscow Metro opened. https://youtu.be/7EMZsaEJoCE  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sponsored/rbth/culture/8799170/Moscow-Metro-Russia-history-architecture.html

1940 – Netherlands – German occupation began (WWII). http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/german_invasion_of_holland.htm

1940 – USA – Macdonald’s restaurant opened in San Bernardino, California.

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr (WWII).

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Berlin, Cuxhaven & Hannover (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1942 – USA – US Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps created. https://youtu.be/kxNnG7aPAfg  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_Army_Corps

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Morganton, NC, 18 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430515-0

1943 – Pacific Ocean – US Navy plane crashed off Guandalcanal, 12 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430515-1

1944 – India – CNAC plane crashed at Patkai Range, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440515-0

1945 – French Indochina – Japanese Coup D’état ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_in_French_Indochina

1945 – Yugoslavia – Battle of Poljana ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Poljana

1948 – South Africa – Mercury Aviation Services plane crashed near Vrede, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480515-0

1948 – Middle East – Arab-Israeli Conflict began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab%E2%80%93Israeli_conflict

1948 – Palestine/Egypt/ Lebanon – First Arab-Israeli War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Arab%E2%80%93Israeli_War

1953 – Germany – Two USAF planes crashed near Weinheim, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530515-0

1957 – Malden Island – Britain tested its first hydrogen bomb. https://pacificnukes.wordpress.com/tests/

1958 – USSR – Sputnik 3 launched. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sputnik_3

1960 – USSR – Sputnik 4 launched. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korabl-Sputnik_1


1963 – USA – Mercury-Atlas 9 launched. https://youtu.be/_oLlw44IQx8 http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1963-015A


1969 – USA – Bloody Thursday. https://youtu.be/KcfJhPVYKrk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Park_(Berkeley)#May_15.2C_1969:_.22Bloody_Thursday.22

1970 – USA – Anna Mae Hays & Elizabeth P Hoisington became first female US Army Generals. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Mae_Hays   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_P._Hoisington

1972 – Okinawa – Reverted to Japanese control.

1974 – Israel – Ma’alot Massacre, 34 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ma%27alot_massacre

1975 – Democratic Kampuchea – Mayaguez Incident ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayaguez_incident

1991 – France – Édith Cresson became first female Prime Minister. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89dith_Cresson

1998 – Indonesia – Second phase of May 1998 riots ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_1998_riots_of_Indonesia

2008 – USA – California legalized same-sex marriage.

2013 – Iraq – May attacks began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_2013_Iraq_attacks

York

1820 – Joseph Clayton, Samuel King and Samuel Booth were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1953 – Borthwick Institute for Archives officially opened at St Anthony’s Hall. https://www.york.ac.uk/borthwick/history/story/

2006 – York Cold War Bunker opened as a museum. http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/york-cold-war-bunker/