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14 May

649 – Rome – Pope Theodore I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Theodore_I

964 – Rome – Pope John XII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_XII

1264 – England – Battle of Lewes (Second Barons’ War). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=22

1509 – Italy – Battle of Agnadello (War of the League of Cambrai). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Agnadello


1607 – America – Jamestown became first permanent colony. https://youtu.be/CqFMkCkaArM  http://www.history.com/topics/jamestown

1610 – France – Henry IV assassinated.  Louis XIII became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_IV_of_France  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIII_of_France

1643 – France – Louis XIII died, Louis XIV became King, aged 4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIV_of_France

1646 – Scotland – Battle of Aberdeen (Wars of the Three Kingdoms). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Aberdeen_(1646)

1747 – Spain – First Battle of Cape Finisterre (War of the Austrian Succession). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Cape_Finisterre_(1747)


1804 – USA – Lewis & Clark Expedition of Missouri River started. https://youtu.be/BUtnlh26aOY http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/

1811 – Paraguay – Independence from Spain.

1836 – USA – Treaties of Velasco, Texas signed. https://www.tsl.texas.gov/treasures/republic/velasco-01.html

1863 – USA – Battle of Jackson (American Civil War). http://www.nps.gov/vick/learn/historyculture/jackson.htm

1868 – Japan – Battle of Utsunomiya Castle ended (Boshin War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Utsunomiya_Castle

1870 – New Zealand – First game of rugby played in Nelson. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/media/video/nelson-birthplace-new-zealand-rugby

1879 – Fiji – First group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrived on the Leonidas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_indenture_ships_to_Fiji  https://www.nla.gov.au/research-guides/indian-emigration-passes-to-fiji-1879-1919

1889 – UK – National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children launched in London. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Society_for_the_Prevention_of_Cruelty_to_Children

1900 – France – II Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Paris. https://youtu.be/6l_2Z5BhNiY http://www.olympic.org/paris-1900-summer-olympics

1923 – France – Air Union airplane crashed near Monsures, Somme, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19230514-0

1928 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Chachapoyas, 25 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1928_Chachapoyas_earthquake

1931 – Sweden – Ådalen Shootings, 5 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%85dalen_shootings

1940 – Netherlands – German bombers hit Rotterdam (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1943 – Australia – AHS Centaur sunk by Japanese submarine off coast of Queensland (WWII). https://youtu.be/B5VQ-UpGZ3k WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AHS_Centaur

1944 – Italy – USAAF three planes crashed at Gaudo, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440514-0

1944 – USSR – Soviet Air Force plane crashed near Obozerski Airfield, Plesetsk District, Arkhangelsk Region, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440514-4

1945 – USA – US Navy plane crashed off Daytona Beach, FL, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450514-1

1951 – Wales – Talyllyn Railway became first to be operated by volunteers. http://www.talyllyn.co.uk/about

1955 – USSR – Warsaw Pact signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Pact

1963 – Kuwait – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1972 – Northern Ireland – Battle at Springmartin ended (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_at_Springmartin


1973 – USA – Skylab space station launched. https://youtu.be/HQzxA8mG_ho https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/skylab

1977 – Zambia – Dan-Air Services  plane crashed near Lusaka Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19770514-0

1988 – USA – Bus crash near Carrollton, Kentucky, 27 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrollton,_Kentucky_bus_collision

2012 – Nepal – Agni Air Flight CHT crashed near Jomsom Airport, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20120514-0

York

1850 – Trial of Joseph Murgatroyd.