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13 May

535 – Rome – Agapetus I became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Agapetus_I

1568 – Scotland – Battle of Langside (Marian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Langside

1572 – Rome – Cardinal Ugo Boncompagni became Pope Gregory XIII. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_XIII

1607 – America – First settlers arrived at Jamestown. http://www.nps.gov/jame/historyculture/the-first-residents-of-jamestown.htm

1619 – Netherlands – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt executed for treason. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johan_van_Oldenbarnevelt


1648 – India – Red Fort completed. https://youtu.be/6krGojWKTqA  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Fort  http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/231/

1751 – Canada – Raid on Dartmouth (Father Le Loutre’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_on_Dartmouth_(1751)

1779 – Bohemia – Treaty of Teschen signed (War of the Bavarian Succession). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Teschen

1780 – USA – Cumberland Compact signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_Compact


1787 – GB – First Fleet of 11 ships of convicts left Portsmouth to establish penal colony in Australia. https://youtu.be/V3rFmdXfxPk http://ltcfirstfleet.uow.edu.au/index.html

1805 – Libya – Battle of Derna ended (First Barbary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Derna_(1805)

1812 – UK – Trial of John Bellingham for murder of Prime Minister Spencer Perceval. http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t18120513-5&div=t18120513-5

1825 – Brazil/Uruguay – Brazilian War of Independence ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_Independence_of_Brazil


1848 – Finland – First performance of national anthem. https://youtu.be/PX7cPorwX5M  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maamme

1861 – Australia – Great Comet (C/1861 J1) discovered by John Tebbutt. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C/1861_J1

1861 – British IndiaFirst railway line opened between Karachi and Kotri. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_rail_transport_in_Pakistan

1864 – USA – Battle of Rocky Face Ridge ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rocky_Face_Ridge

1864 – USA – Battle of Resaca began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/resaca.html

1865 – USA – Battle of Palmito Ranch ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/palmito-ranch.html

1880 – USA – Thomas Edison made first test of electric railway in Menlo Park, New Jersey. http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/edn-moments/4373701/Edison-s-1st-test-of-electric-railway–May-13–1880

1888 – Brazil – Abolished slavery.


1909 – Italy – The first Giro d’Italia started. https://youtu.be/x3LkauweI38 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giro_d%27Italia

1911 – Mexico – Torreón Massacre began (Mexican Revolution). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torre%C3%B3n_massacre

1940 – Netherlands – Battle of the Grebbeberg ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Grebbeberg


1940 – UK – Winston Churchill gave “Blood, toil, tears & sweat” speech to House of Commons. https://youtu.be/8TlkN-dcDCk  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood,_toil,_tears,_and_sweat

1943 – French Tunisia – Tunisia Campaign ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisia_Campaign

1945 – Burma – Pokoku & Irrawaddy River Operations ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pokoku_and_Irrawaddy_River_operations

1945 – Papua New Guinea – USAAF plane crashed at Irian Jaya, 20 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450513-1

1952 – Brazil – VASP plane crashed at São Paulo, SP, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520513-0

1954 – Singapore – Anti-National Service Riots by Chinese students. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_National_Service_riots


1954 – USA – Richard Adler & Jerry Ross’ musical ‘The Pajama Game’ premiered at St. James Theatre, New York. https://youtu.be/ObEqJn6s614?list=PLd4pAVEFIJ3GHxhWkoyPKuCYG_uTkEnHA  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pajama_Game

1955 – Thailand – Burmese Air Force plane crashed near Amphur Fang, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550513-0

1958 – Algeria – May 1958 Crisis. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_1958_crisis


1958 – Australia – Ben Carlin completed circumnavigation of world in amphibious vehicle. https://youtu.be/z-Gqi-RlbO0 http://blog.hemmings.com/index.php/2011/03/02/ambitious-amphibious-ben-carlins-round-the-world-trek-in-a-ford-gpa/

1967 – India – Dr. Zakir Hussain became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zakir_Husain_(politician)

1969 – Malaysia – 13 May Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13_May_Incident

1971 – Bangladesh – Demra Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demra_massacre

1972 – Northern Ireland – Battle at Springmartin began (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_at_Springmartin

1972 – Japan – Fire at Playtown Cabaret, Osaka, 118 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sennichi_Department_Store_Building_fire


1980 – USA – Tornado hit Kalamazoo County, Michigan. https://youtu.be/eE7PXGrRup0  http://www.kpl.gov/local-history/general/tornado.aspx


1981 – Rome – Attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in St. Peter’s Square. https://youtu.be/34hZPisnIA0   WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/13/newsid_2512000/2512533.stm

1990 – Croatia – Dinamo-Red Star Riot. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinamo%E2%80%93Red_Star_riot

1990 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Weber. https://www.geonet.org.nz/earthquake/story/125056

1995 – Nepal – Alison Hargreaves became first woman to conquer Everest without oxygen or help of sherpas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alison_Hargreaves

1998 – India – 2 nuclear tests carried out in Pokhran.

2000 – Netherlands – Fireworks factory in Enschede exploded, 22 killed.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/747566.stm

2005 – Uzbekistan – Andijan Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andijan_massacre

2005 – Vietnam – Binh Bridge opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%ADnh_Bridge

2008 – India – Jaipur Bombings, 80 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/7398989.stm

2011 – Pakistan – 2 bombs exploded in Charsadda District, 98 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13385597

2014 – Turkey – Some mine disaster, 301 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soma_mine_disaster

2015 – Philippines – Kentex Slipper Factory fire, 74 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentex_slipper_factory_fire

York

1668 – George Habbishaw and Benjamin Ambrose were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1848 – Michael Stokes was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

 http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf