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12 May

254 – Rome – Stephen I became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_I

1003 – Rome – Pope Sylvester II died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sylvester_II

1012 – Rome – Pope Sergius IV died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sergius_IV

1191 – England – Richard I married Berengaria of Navarre, who was crowned Queen consort. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berengaria_of_Navarre

1310 – France – 54 Knights Templars burned at the stake as heretics. http://www.sacred-texts.com/sro/hkt/hkt12.htm

1364 – Poland – Jagiellonian University founded in Kraków. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagiellonian_University

1510 – China – Prince of Anhua Rebellion began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Anhua_rebellion

1551 – Peru – National University of San Marcos founded in Lima. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_University_of_San_Marcos

1588 – France – Day of the Barricades (French Wars of Religion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day_of_the_Barricades

1743 – Bohemia – Maria Theresa of Austria became Queen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Theresa

1780 – USA – Siege of Charleston ended (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Charleston

1863 – USA – Battle of Raymond (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/raymond.html

1864 – USA – Battle of the Bloody Angle (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/spotsylvaniacourthouse/spotsylvania-history/the-unions-bloody-miscue-at.html

1865 – USA – Battle of Palmito Ranch began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/palmito-ranch.html

1873 – Sweden – Coronation of Oscar II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_II_of_Sweden

1885 – Canada – Battle of Batoche ended (North-West Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Batoche


1926 – UK – General Strike ended. https://youtu.be/jcrQvxteO08  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-13828537 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1926_United_Kingdom_general_strike

1928 – USA – Ford Air Freight Lines plane crashed at Dearborn, MI, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19280512-0


1937 – UK – Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Westminster Abbey. https://youtu.be/4CaVPzEbDUA  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronation_of_King_George_VI_and_Queen_Elizabeth


1941 – Germany – The Z3 computer presented by Konrad Zuse. https://youtu.be/2a6HMqsYnxk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z3_(computer)  http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/1941/

1942 – Ukraine – Second Battle of Kharkov began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Kharkov

1942 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines plane crashed at Miles City, MT, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420512-1

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed off Makapuu Point, HI, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430512-0

1943 – Papua New Guinea – USAAF plane crashed near Myola Lake, Owen Stanley Range, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430512-3

1944 – Caucasus – Battle of the Caucasus ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Caucasus#German_operations

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed near Berwick, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440512-0

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked oil plants at Brüx, Lüne-Merseburg, Lützkendorf & Zeitz (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Vanuatu – US Navy plane crashed at Luganville Airfield, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440512-2

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Cordelia, CA, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450512-1

1948 – Democratic Republic of Congo – Sabena plane crashed near Magazini, 31 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480512-0

1949 – Germany – Berlin Blockade ended (Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Blockade#The_start_of_the_Berlin_Airlift

1951 – Algeria – Air Fret Transimax plane crashed at Rouigo, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510512-0

1959 – USA – Capital Airlines Flight 75 crashed in Chase, Maryland, 31 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19590512-1

1968 – South Vietnam – Battle of Coral-Balmoral began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Coral%E2%80%93Balmoral

1975 – Democratic Kampuchea – Mayaguez Incident began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayaguez_incident

1982 – Iran – Liberation of Khorramshahr ended (Iran-Iraq War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_of_Khorramshahr

1989 – USA – San Bernardino train disaster, 23 killed. https://youtu.be/vZt-cnD3TtA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Bernardino_train_disaster

1994 – Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia & Azerbaijan – Nagorno-Karabakh War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagorno-Karabakh_War

1997 – Iraqi Kurdistan – Operation Hammer began (Kurdish-Turkish Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hammer_(1997)

1998 – Indonesia – Second phase of May 1998 riots began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_1998_riots_of_Indonesia

2003 – Saudi Arabia – Riyadh Compound Bombings, 39 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riyadh_compound_bombings

2006 – Brazil – São Paulo Violence began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_2006_S%C3%A3o_Paulo_violence

2007 – Pakistan – Karachi Violence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12_May_Karachi_violence

2008 – China – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Sichuan Province, 69,197 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22398684


2010 – Libya – Afrigiyah Airways Flight 771 crashed at Tripoli International Airport, 103 killed. https://youtu.be/ICUt2rzyX_Q http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22398684

2015 – USA – Train derailment in Philadelphia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Philadelphia_train_derailment

 York

1791 – Audience at Theatre Royal protested when Miss Reynolds refused an encore of ‘The Conjuring Song’.